Photo of Chris Bird

Chris Bird
Senior Lecturer in Psychology (Psychology)
T: +44 (0)1273 876816




My research aims to understand how we are able to remember events and episodes. I investigate memory in healthy adults; both in terms of how memories are laid down and subsequently retrieved and also the brain regions necessary to do this. I am particularly interested in the role of the hippocampus in supporting contextual information associated with memories. I also look at how memory processes break down in neurological conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, frontotemporal lobar degeneration, epilepsy and stroke.

I use a mixture of classic behavioural paradigms (e.g. recognition memory paradigms using words and pictures as memoranda) and novel ways of assessing memory for more naturalistic materials. The latter include using desktop virtual reality and video clips.

See here for the Sussex Episodic Memory Group website.

Research methods:

Behavioural studies; neuropsychology; functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI); intracranial EEG

Selected publications: (for full list see here):

Bird CM, Keidel JL, Ing LP, Horner AJ, Burgess N. Consolidation of complex events via reinstatement in posterior cingulate cortex J Neurosci 2015 35: 14426-34

De Visscher A, Berens SC, Keidel JL, Noël MP, Bird CM The interference effect in arithmetic facts solving: an fMRI study Neuroimage 2015 116: 92-101

Bird CM, Berens S, Horner AJ, Franklin A Categorical encoding of color in the brain Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 2014 111: 4590-4595

Bird CM, Bisby JA, Burgess N. The hippocampus and spatial constraints on mental imagery. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2012; 6: 142.

Viard A, Doeller CF, Hartley T, Bird CM, Burgess N. Anterior hippocampus and goal-directed spatial decision making. J Neurosci 2011; 31: 4613-4621.

Bird CM, Davies RA, Ward J, Burgess N. Effects of pre-experimental knowledge on recognition memory. Learn Mem 2011; 18: 11-14.

Bird CM, Capponi C, King JA, Doeller CF, Burgess N. Establishing the boundaries: the hippocampal contribution to imagining scenes. J Neurosci 2010; 30: 11688-11695.

Bird CM, Chan D, Hartley T, Pijnenburg YA, Rossor MN, Burgess N. Topographical short-term memory differentiates Alzheimer's disease from frontotemporal lobar degeneration. Hippocampus 2010; 20: 1154-1169.

Bird CM, Burgess N. The hippocampus supports recognition memory for familiar words but not unfamiliar faces. Curr Biol 2008; 18: 1932-1936.

Bird CM, Burgess N. The hippocampus and memory: insights from spatial processing. Nat Rev Neurosci 2008; 9: 182-194.

Bird CM, Vargha-Khadem F, Burgess N. Impaired memory for scenes but not faces in developmental hippocampal amnesia: a case study. Neuropsychologia 2008; 46: 1050-1059.

Bird CM, Cipolotti L. The utility of the recognition memory test and the graded naming test for monitoring neurological patients. Br J Clin Psychol 2007; 46: 223-234.

Hartley T, Bird CM, Chan D et al. The hippocampus is required for short-term topographical memory in humans. Hippocampus 2007; 17: 34-48.

Bird CM, Shallice T, Cipolotti L. Fractionation of memory in medial temporal lobe amnesia. Neuropsychologia 2007; 45: 1160-1171.

Cipolotti L, Bird CM. Amnesia and the hippocampus. Curr Opin Neurol 2006; 19: 593-598.

Hill EL, Bird CM. Executive processes in Asperger syndrome: patterns of performance in a multiple case series. Neuropsychologia 2006; 44: 2822-2835.

Bird CM, Malhotra P, Parton A, Coulthard E, Rushworth MF, Husain M. Visual neglect after right posterior cerebral artery infarction. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2006; 77: 1008-1012.

Bird CM, Castelli F, Malik O, Frith U, Husain M. The impact of extensive medial frontal lobe damage on 'Theory of Mind' and cognition. Brain 2004; 127: 914-928.