Photo of Roger Strange

Roger Strange
Professor of International Business (Business and Management)
T: +44 (0)1273 873531


My current research focuses on three main areas of International Business:


Corporate Governance and FDI Decisions: The impact of different shareholder constituencies upon firms’ internationalisation strategies is currently one of my main lines of research (Lien et al, 2005; Filatotchev et al, 2007; Strange et al, 2009; Strange et al, 2009; Majocchi & Strange, 2012). I also co-edited a Focused Issue of Management International Review in 2009 on the topic of ‘Corporate Governance and International Business’, and co-edited Corporate Governance and International Business: Strategy, Performance and Institutional Change (Palgrave: 2008). More recently I have co-authored papers on the insights from internalization theory for the governance of the multinational enterprise (Buckley & Strange, 2011), and on the governance of the global factory (Buckley & Strange, 2015; Strange, 2015).


The Location of MNE Subsidiaries: The issue of what determines the choice by MNEs of the location for their foreign subsidiaries is an area of long-standing interest. One of my earlier papers (Ford & Strange, 1999) – building on an earlier book  (Strange, 1993) - focused on the decisions of Japanese multinationals investing within the European Union, and sought to explain the distribution of Japanese subsidiaries between member countries by reference to a variety of location-specific attributes such as local market size, relative wages, human capital, agglomeration economies etc. Since then my co-authors and I have explored the impact of different liberalisation policies upon FDI location in Eastern Europe (Majocchi & Strange, 2007a, 2007b), and the modelling of spatial dependencies between FDI locations in China (Cookson et al, 2012; Blanc-Brude et al 2014).

Outsourcing and the Externalisation of Manufacturing: Another long-standing research interest focuses on the trend for many manufacturing firms to divest from upstream activities that involve the production of intermediate goods and services, and instead purchase such intermediate products from independent suppliers whilst concentrating on the downstream activities within their global value chains. My research has largely been theoretical (Strange & Newton, 2006; Strange, 2006; Strange, 2011; Buckley & Strange, 2015; Denicolai et al, 2015), though I am currently involved in a major empirical study on the determinants, dynamics and performance consequences of manufacturing outsourcing. See also the recording of my 2012 Sussex Professorial Lecture on “Outsourcing, offshoring and the global factory”.

In addition, I continue to work with current and former Ph.D students, younger colleagues at Sussex, and many different scholars elsewhere on a variety of other interesting projects.