photo of Joanna Harma

Dr Joanna Harma

Post:Associate (Education)
Location:ESSEX HOUSE c/o Education
Email:J.C.Harma@sussex.ac.uk
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Role

Joanna Härmä has been a Visiting Research Fellow at the Centre for International Education since January 2014. She works as a researcher and consultant, specialising on low-fee private schooling for the poor in sub-Saharan Africa and India.

Qualifications

DPhil, Centre for International Education, University of Sussex (2009)

Visiting Scholar, National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education, Teachers College, Columbia University (2008)

Associate of the Higher Education Academy (2008)

LLM International Human Rights Law, University of Essex (2001)

Postgraduate Diploma in Law, The College of Law of England and Wales (2000)

MA (hons) Modern History, University of St. Andrews (1999)

Activities

Joanna is currently an independent reseach consultant and Visiting Research Fellow at the University of Sussex. In 2015 she was working on research papers for the DFID-funded RMSA Technical Cooperation Agency in India. She also counducted a research study in Mozambique for DFID. In 2016 she has been conducting multiple capital city country studies for not-for-profit microfinance foundation, Capital Plus Exchange, in Nigeria, Tanzania, Zambia and Uganda.

She was, until August 2015, a research officer for the UNESCO Education for All Global Monitoring Report. She authored chapter 1 (on Early Childhood Care and Education) of the 2015 Education for All Global Monitoring Report.

One of Joanna's past key pieces of work was conducting the first comprehensive census of private schools in Lagos State. This took place during the 2010/11 school year. Joanna managed a team of 260 enumerators to carry out this landmark study, which was funded by DFID through the Education Sector Support Programme in Nigeria.

In 2002/04, Joanna was working to establish a school for girls in a rural village in Uttar Pradesh, India which opened in July 2004. The school has 12 classes from kindergarten through lower secondary level. In 2015 the school will be expanding to the upper-secondary level.

Publications:

‘Private provision of pre-primary education (and beyond) in Mozambique: what role is the non-state education sector playing in poor neighbourhoods in Maputo?’ (forthcoming, 2016) special edition of Oxford Review of Education guest edited by Prachi Srivastava and Geoffrey Walford.

'School choice in rural Nigeria? The limits of low-cost private schooling in Kwara State' (2016) Comparative Education, 52:2, 246-266.

‘Private Schooling and Development: an Overview’ (2015), in Counihan, C., Dixon, P. and Humble, S. (Eds.) Handbook of International Development and Education, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar.

Access or Quality? Why do Families Living in Slums Choose Low-Cost Private Schools in Lagos, Nigeria?’ (2013) Oxford Review of Education, 39:4, 548-566.

‘Scaling Up: Challenges Facing Low-Fee Private Schools in the Slums of Lagos, Nigeria’ (2013) with Folasade Adefisayo, in P. Srivastava (Ed.) Low-Fee Private Schooling: Aggravating Equity or Mitigating Disadvantage? Oxford, Symposium Books.

‘Is Low-Fee Private Primary Schooling Affordable for the Poor? Evidence from Rural India’ (2012) with Pauline Rose, in S. Robertson, A. Verger & K. Mundy (Eds.) Public Private Partnerships in Education: New Actors and Modes of Governance in a Globalizing World, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar.

Low-Cost Private Schooling in India: is it Pro-Poor and Equitable?’ (2011) International Journal of Educational Development, 31:4, 350-356.

Can Choice in Primary Schooling Promote Education for All? Evidence from Private School Growth in Rural Uttar Pradesh’ (2009) Compare: a Journal of Comparative and International Education, 39:2, 151-165.

Reports and Working Papers:

Private Responses to State Failure: the Growth in Private Education (and Why) in Lagos, Nigeria’ (2013) National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education, Teachers College, Columbia University, Occasional Paper No. 215.

Household Survey on Private Education in Lagos’ (2012) DfID-ESSPIN Report LG503.

'Support to Low Fee Private Sector Education: Scoping Mission Report' (2011) with Alan Gibson, Sarah Barlow and Roger Cunningham. DFID Nigeria and the Springfield Centre.

Study of Private Schools in Kwara State’ (2011) DfID-ESSPIN Report KW326.

Lagos Private School Census 2010/2011 Report’ (2011) DfID-ESSPIN Report LG501.

Study of Private Schools in Lagos’ (2011) DfID-ESSPIN Report LG303.

‘Private Sector Development – Private Sector Involvement in Education in Developing Countries’ (2010) with Masooda Bano, Human Development Resource Centre, DfID, London.

School Choice for the Poor? The Limits of Marketisation of Primary Education in Rural India’ (2010) CREATE Pathways to Access Research Monograph No. 23.

Policy Papers/Briefs:

The Limits of Marketisation of Primary Education in India’ (2011) with Benjamin Zeitlyn, CREATE India Policy Brief No. 2.

Selected Conference and Seminar Presentations:

'Education for All 2000-2015: Achievements and Challenges' Austrian national launch of the UNESCO Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2015, Vienna, 14th April 2015.

‘ECCE Across the Globe: Reflections on Early Childhood in the Education for All Global Monitoring Report, 2001- post-2015’, International Step-By-Step Association International Conference, Budapest, 11 October 2014.

Teaching and Learning: Achieving Quality for All’, Finnish national launch of the UNESCO Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2013/2014, Jyväskylä, 29 January 2014.

‘Youth and Skills: Putting Education to Work’, Irish national launch of the UNESCO Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2012, Dublin, 27 November 2012.

‘Youth and Skills: Putting Education to Work’, Norwegian national launch of the UNESCO Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2012, Oslo, 16 Octber 2012.

‘Partnership with Private Education: the Challenges Facing Low-Fee Private Schools in Kwara and Lagos States, Nigeria’ UKFIET International Conference on Education and Development, Oxford, September 2011. Nigeria’s use of Nigeria’s own Resources in delivering basic education for all: the experience of ESSPIN (DfID-ESSPIN symposium co-convened with Ron Tuck).

‘Is Low-Fee Private Schooling an Equitable Solution? Some Evidence on Poverty and School Choice from Rural India’, seminar for DfID India, New Delhi, 15th April 2011.

‘Private Education for the Poor: Context, Challenges and Opportunities’, DfID Education Advisors’ Annual Learning Week, East Kilbride, Scotland, 14th March 2011.

‘Private Education for the Poor: Challenges and Opportunities’, ESSPIN Lagos, for DfID Permanent Secretary, 29th November 2010.

‘Education Through the Market in Developing Countries: Evidence on the Current Context, Possibilities for Engagement and Strategies to Try’ DfID Private Sector Development Advisors’ Annual Learning Week, London 13th July 2010.

‘Low Cost Private Schooling in India: Is it Pro-Poor and Equitable?’ World Congress of Comparative Education Societies Conference, Istanbul, 16th June 2010.

‘Is Low-Fee Private Schooling an Equitable Solution? Some Evidence on Poverty and School Choice from Rural India’, Centre for International Education Seminar, University of Sussex, Brighton, 15th June 2009.

‘Is Low-Fee Private Schooling and Equitable Solution? Some Evidence on Poverty and School Choice from Rural India’, Comparative and International Education Society Conference, New York, 20th March 2008.

‘Can Choice in Primary Schooling Promote Education for All? Evidence from Private School Growth in Rural Uttar Pradesh, India’, UKFIET International Conference on Education and Development, Oxford, 12th September 2007.