My research interests lie at the intersection of the anthropology of development and global capitalisms. In particular, my research concerns the role of transnational corporations in development, corporate social responsibility and moral economy, with a focus on the extractive industries and Sub-Saharan Africa. Other areas of interest include: economic empowerment, enterprise and entrepreneurialism; and the role of big business in the political economy of HIV/Aids management. My current research explores 'bottom of the pyramid' approaches to development and concepts of inclusive markets.   I am a co-founder of the Centre for New Economies of Development (, together with Catherine Dloan (Oxford), Jamie Cross (Edinburgh) and Alice Street (Edinburgh).


Anthropology of global capitalisms, corporate social responsibility and development; economic anthropology; development institutions and public-private partnership; extractive industries; labour, HIV/Aids; multi-sited ethnography.

South Africa and the UK



2016 The Anthropology of Corporate Social Responsibility.  New York: Berghahn.  Co-edited with Catherine Dolan.

2011 In Good Company: An Anatomy of Corporate Social Responsibility.  Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press (2011). [Finalist for the Society for Economic Anthropology Book Prize 2012]

Special Issues

2016. Labour, Insecurity and Violence in South Africa. Special Issue, Journal of Southern African Studies  Vol. 42 (5), forthcoming October 2016. Co-edited with Maxim Bolt.

2011  Reigning Responsibility: Ethnographies of Corporate Ethicizing.  Themed Section, Focaal: Journal of Global and Historical Anthropology Vol. 60.  Co-edited with Catherine Dolan and Christina Garsten (2011).

Journal Articles

2018  Speculative Futures at the Bottom of the Pyramid. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 24 (2) (In Press). With Catherine Dolan. 
2016. Hope and Betrayal on the Platinum Belt: Responsibility, Violence and Corporate Power in South Africa, Journal of Southern African Studies 42 (5).
2016. Introduction: Labour, Insecurity and Violence in South Africa, Journal of Southern African Studies 42 (5). With Maxim Bolt.

2016  The Anthropology of Extraction: Critical Perspectives on the Resource Curse. Journal of Development Studies (in press). With Emma Gilberthorpe

2016  Remaking Africa's Informal Economies: Youth, Entrepreneurship and the Promise of Inclusion at the Bottom of the Pyramid. Journal of Development Studies 52 (4). With Catherine Dolan. 

2016 Expectations of Paternalism: Welfare, Corporate Responsibility and HIV at South Africa's Mines. South Atlantic Quarterly 115 (1).

2014  Credit Apartheid, Migrants, Mines and Money.  African Studies  73 (3). With Deborah James.

2014  Debt or Savings? Of Migrants, Mines and Money. In A Long Way Home: Migrant Worker Worlds 1800 – 2014 edited by Peter Delius and Laura Phillips.  Wits University Press. With Deborah James.

2014  Corporate Memory: Historical Revisionism, Legitimation and the Invention of Tradition in a Multinational Mining Company.  PoLaR Political and Legal Anthropology Review 37(2).

2012  Platinum City and the New South African Dream. Africa Vol. 82 (2).

2012  Platinum Dreams.  The Power, Money, Sex Reader, Chimurenga.  

2011  Theatres of Virtue: Collaboration, Consensus and the Social Life of Corporate Social Responsibility.  Focaal: Journal of Global and Historical Anthropology Vol. 60.

2011  Introduction: Reigning Responsibilities: Ethnographies of Corporate Ethicizing. Focaal: Journal of Global and Historical Anthropology Vol. 60.  With Catherine Dolan.

2010  ‘HIV/AIDS is Our Business’: The Moral Economy of Treatment in a Transnational Mining Company.  Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute Vol. 16 (3), pp. 551-571.

2010  Ethnographies of Extraction: Anthropology, Corporate Social Responsibility and the Resource Curse.  Suomen Antropologi: Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society Vol. 35 (1), pp. 91-94.

2008  ‘Uplift and Empower’: The Market, The Gift and Corporate Responsibility on South Africa’s Platinum Belt, Research in Economic Anthropology, Vol. 28, pp.  297-324.

2007  Parochial Cosmopolitanism and the Power of Nostalgia: Some Manifestations of Development Practice.  Monograph Series on Alternate Discourses on Development No.2.  Columbo, SL: Colombo Institute for the Advanced Study of Society and Culture. With RL Stirrat.

Book Chapters

2016  Corporate Social Responsibility. The International Encyclopedia of Anthropology. Blackwell Wiley (in press).  With Emma Gilberthorpe and Catherine Dolan.

2011  From Boardrooms to Mineshafts: Researching the Anglo American Corporation. In Simon Coleman and Pauline von Hellermann (eds) Problems and Possibilities in the Translocation of Research Methods.  London and New York: Routledge.

2011  Parochial Cosmopolitanism and the Power of Nostalgia.  In David Mosse (ed.) Adventures in Aidland.  The Anthropology of Professionals in International Development. Oxford and New York: Berghahn. With RL Stirrat.   

2009  ‘I am the Conscience of the Company’: Responsibility and the Gift in a Transnational Mining Corporation.  In Katherine E. Browne and B. Lynne Milgram (eds) Economics and Morality: Anthropological Approaches. Society for Economic Anthropology Annual Monograph Series. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press, pp.  211-232.

2008  The Romance of the Field?   In HL Seneviratne (ed.)The Anthropologist and the Native.  Florence, Italy: Società Editrice Fiorentina and Delhi, India: Manohar Press, pp. 445-471. With RL Stirrat [50:50 co-authorship].

2006  The Gift of CSR: Power and the Pursuit of Responsibility in the Mining Industry.  In W. Visser, M. McIntosh and C. Middleton (eds) Corporate Citizenship in Africa. London: Greenleaf Publishing, pp. 190-201.



Jennifer Diggins - Moral discourses of wealth, greed and secrecy in Sierra Leone (ESRC 1+3) COMPLETED 2014

Paul Gilbert - Money Mines: An Ethnography of frontiers, capital and extractive industries  (ESRC +3) COMPLETED 2016

Darius A'zami - Prospects for the (Re)surgence of a Tanzanian Developmental State and the Role of China COMPLETED 2016

Ejiro Onomake - Elite Exchanges: The Cultural Politics of Chinese Business in Nigeria

Sarah-Jane Phelan - 'Banking the Unbanked': Mobile Savings, Poverty and Bottom of the Pyramid Finacnce in Burkina Faso(ESRC 1+3)