The purpose of this literature review is to explore an area of cognitive science research that I feel is being somewhat neglected. In particular, this review discusses connectionist models which try to extract regularities in their environment (concept formation) and use those regularities to learn about their world (conditioning). In many other models, these two aspects of learning are kept separate, in the belief that developing concepts and using them to reason are two distinct tasks. On the contrary, this literature review focuses on frameworks which address both of these pieces of the 'intelligence' puzzle.
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