This paper sketches a conceptual framework for thinking about perception. By identifying certain significant aspects of key empirical studies, I endorse and defend the increasingly influential view that perception should be conceptualized an an activity performed by an autonomous agent in the context of some adaptive behaviour. I then draw upon insights from ecological, dynamical and enactive views on the relationship between perceiving agents and their environments to develop a philosophical account of active perception. Finally I suggest how the mechanisms identified by the previously mentioned empirical work fit into the conceptual framework.
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