A MARX BIBLIOGRAPHY

(with sections on the Young Hegelians and 20th-century Marxists)

 

This selective bibliography is mainly of English-language material, although some items in French and German are also listed. Printed out, the bibliography is about 40 pages long.

 

Navigation: The bibliography is all on one page. After the list of contents, it is divided into 9 main sections, each with up to 20 headings. Each heading is preceded by '@' plus a space. To find a heading, use the 'find' facility on your browser, entering '@' + space + the first words of the heading. To return to the top of the page, press Ctrl-Home.

 

[ ] = date of writing or original publication * = recommended + = introductory

 

Please e-mail suggestions for additions or improvements to Andrew Chitty, University of Sussex, England (home page)

 

See also PhilPapers Karl Marx bibliography of online papers

 

Last updated 7 Jan 2014

 

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Contents

 

1. GENERAL

E-texts

Collections of Marx and Engels' works

Marx's most important writings

Introductions to Marx

Biographies of Marx

Commentaries on Marx's work as a whole

Bibliographies of works on Marx

Collections of articles on Marx

Journals of Marx and Marxism studies

 

2. PRECURSORS AND DEVELOPMENT (1837-46)

Influences on Marx's development: general

Aristotle and Marx

Spinoza and Marx

Liberalism and Marx

Rousseau and Marx

Kant and Marx

Kant and Marxists

Humboldt (Wilhelm von) and Marx

Romanticism and Marx

Fichte and Marx

Hegel and Marx: general

Hegel: Marx's critiques of Hegel's philosophy as a whole

Savigny (and the historical school of law): general

Savigny on possession

Savigny and Hegel

Savigny and the Young Hegelians

Savigny and Marx, Niebuhr and Marx, Marx on the history of law

Stahl

Gans

Pre-Marxist socialism and Marx, utopian socialism and Marx

Saint-Simon and Marx

Fourier and Marx

Utopianism in Marx

Young Hegelians: general

Young Hegelians: politics

Young Hegelians and Marx: general

Heine and Marx

Strauss

Cieszkowski and Marx

Bauer and Marx

Ruge and Marx

Feuerbach: links

Feuerbach: texts

Feuerbach's philosophy in general

Feuerbach and Hegel

Feuerbach and religion

Feuerbach's anthropology, species-being and anti-individualism in Feuerbach

Feuerbach's political thought, his humanism and civic humanism

Feuerbach and Marx

Feuerbach and Stirner

Stirner

Stirner and Marx

Hess and Marx

Proudhon and Marx

Marx's early development as a whole (1837-46)

Early political writings as a whole (1842-46)

State in the early political writings (1837-46)

Law in the early political writings (1837-46)

Letter to his father (1837)

Doctoral Dissertation (and preparatory notebooks) (1839-41): general

Doctoral dissertation (and preparatory notebooks): political interpretations

Rheinische Zeitung articles (1842-43)

Critique of Hegel's Doctrine of the State ('Kreuznach manuscript') (1843)

On the Jewish Question (1843)

Separation of state and civil society

French Revolution in Marx

Democracy in the early Marx

Politics and the political in Marx

Judaism and Marx

Religion: Marx's critique

Marxist sociology of religion

Religious, mythological and spiritual themes in Marx's thought

 

3. SPECIES-BEING AND ALIENATION (1844)

Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts and Notes on James Mill: general

Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts and Notes on James Mill: text-critical accounts and reception histories

Economic theory in the 1844 writings

Human nature in Marx: general

Species-being: general

Species-being as a normative ground, perfectionism in Marx, normativity in the young Marx

Species-being as self-creation, Marx and the posthuman and transhuman

Species-being and consciousness

Species-being: sources for the idea in thinkers other than Feuerbach

Species-being: critiques

Labour in Marx

Unalienated labour and the 'abolition of labour' in Marx

Labour in Marx: critiques

Labour: histories of the idea

Labour in Ruskin and Morris

Labour: contemporary discussions

Needs in Marx

Needs and desires (in general)

Alienation/estrangement in Marx's early writings: general

Phenomenology of Spirit and Marx

Alienation/estrangement: sources for the concepts

Alienation/estrangement as a psychological condition

Psychoanalysis and Marx

Alienation/estrangement as collective self-subordination, autonomisation and inversion in the early writings

Exchange as source of alienation/estrangement

Alienation/estrangement in Marx's later writings

Species-being and alienation/estrangement in Marx's later writings, the 'epistemological break' debate

Species-being and alienation/estrangement in value theory

Alienation/estrangement-based and humanist accounts of the later Marx

Alienation/estrangement (and related concepts) in non-Marxist thinkers

Alienation/estrangement in recent social theory

Property, 'true property' and 'individual property' in Marx

Egoism, identity, subject and subjectivity in Marx

History in the early writings (1837-44)

Habermas's critique of Marx

Ecology and Marx: general

Anthropocentrism and the mastery of nature

Animals

Malthus and Marx

Art in Marx

 

4. MATERIALISM AND PRAXIS (MAINLY 1845-46)

Marx's view of philosophy, theory and practice

Philosophy of Marx

Materialism in Marx, Marx's metaphysics and philosophy of nature

Theses on Feuerbach

Praxis and activity in Marx: general

Praxis and activity in Marx's theory of history

Epistemology of Marx

Language and Marx

Literary theory and Marx

 

5. HISTORY AND IDEOLOGY (MAINLY 1845-48)

Theory of history ('historical materialism'): texts

The German Ideology

Theory of history: introductions

Theory of history: method

Theory of history: fuller discussions

Theory of history: class-struggle based interpretations

Teleology in Marx's theory of history, history as human self-realisation

Determinism, inevitability and agency in Marx's theory of history

Technological determinism in non-Marxists

Historical and ontological materialism

Pre-capitalist societies

Social relations of production, and their effect on legal and political structures

Social relations of production's effect on culture

Productive forces and their effect on social relations of production

Functionalist accounts of Marx's theory of historical change

Methodological individualist criticism of functionalist explanation in Marxism

Rational choice approaches to the problem of transition between epochs

International and intranational competition in Marx's theory of history

Weakened versions of historical materialism

Ideology and 'false consciousness' in Marx

Ideology since Marx

Moral progress in historical materialism

Sociological materialism

Marx's historiography (mainly of the 1848 revolutions and Paris Commune)

Communist Manifesto

International relations, colonialism and imperialism in Marx and Marxism

Soviet Union: Marxist analyses

Time and temporality in Marx

 

6. CAPITAL

Capital: introductions

Grundrisse and the 1861-63 Manuscript

General accounts of Marx's economics

Historical vs. transhistorical categories in Capital

Science, scientific method and Marx

Dialectical exposition and dialectical method in general

Method of Capital : general

Method of Capital: abstraction

Method of Capital: logical vs. historical development and the idea of simple commodity production

Method of Capital: 'successive approximations' interpretations

Method of Capital: Hegelian interpretations

Homology thesis

Logic of essence in Capital

Logic of the concept in Capital (and elsewhere in Marx)

Philosophy of Right and Capital

Use-value

Commodity and value-form, social forms and social ontology in Capital

Commodity and value-form: Postone's interpretation

Abstract labour and concrete labour

Abstract and concrete in Marx (in general)

Abstraction as a feature of capitalism, real abstraction

Labour theory of value (i.e. quantitative aspects of value and labour): general

Labour theory of value: the 'third thing' argument and Marx's critique of Bailey

Labour theory of value: the 'labour allocation' argument

Labour theory of value: the 'equalisation in exchange' argument

Fetishism in Marx

Reification and personification in Marx

Fetishism and hypostatisation

Fetishism and idolatry

Fetishism: its effects on political agency

Contradictions of commodity production

Money: in Marx, Marxists and others

Capital: the concept

Capital in general and many capitals

Transition from money to capital (C-M-C to M-C-M)

Exploitation theory of profit, the 'fundamental Marxian theorem'

Money, capital and God

Emergence and development of capitalism

Capital as subject, inversion in the later works, spectres and possession in Marx

Subsumption

Transformation problem: the Foley-Dum駭il interpretation

Transformation problem: the 'single system' approaches

Immiseration (the 'iron law of wages') and the industrial reserve army

Transformation problem: in general

Crisis tendencies in capitalism

Critique of political economy and of capitalism in Marx

 

7. STATE AND LAW

Marx's political thought as a whole

Modern state in Marx

Law in Marx: general

Natural law, rule of law, and Marx

Rights and Marx

Law, rights and socialism

Crime

Pashukanis and the commodity-form account of law

History of law

Anarchism and Marx

Nationalism and national identity in Marx

 

8. ETHICS AND CRITIQUE

Morality and normativitity in Marx: general

Critique and immanent critique in Marx

Justice and Marx: general

Needs principle

Radical injustice, and justice as community

Exploitation in contemporary political philosophy

Exploitation in Marx

Exploitation and self-ownership (Nozick and Cohen)

Exploitation: Roemer-Wright accounts of exploitation and class

Rawls and Marx

Individuality and community, particularity and universality in Marx

Recognition in Marx

Love in Marx's account of communism

Recognition in Marxist historiography

Freedom as an ideal in Marx

Freedom and unfreedom in capitalism

Modernism in Marx

Kantian ethics and Marx

Kantian socialism

Critique of morality and humanism in the later Marx

 

9. PROLETARIAT, REVOLUTION AND COMMUNISM

Class

Proletariat

Class consciousness and revolutionary subjectivity

Communist consciousness and the 'new man'

Rational choice approaches to class action and class consciousness

Class struggle as a moral struggle

Revolution, ethics of revolution

Revolutionary party, its role and tactics

Post-revolutionary democracy, dictatorship of the proletariat

Stateless democracy, withering away of the state

Communism: general

Communism as emergent out of capitalism

Division of labour and its abolition in communism

 

10. 20TH-21ST CENTURY MARXISM AND POST-MARXISM

20th Century Marxism: histories and commentaries

20th century Marxism: philosophy

20th century Marxism: dialectical materialism, dialectics of nature, and dialectical method

20th century Marxism: praxis-based epistemology and ontology

20th century Marxism: the state

20th century Marxism: morality and critique

Engels

Labriola

Plekhanov

Kautsky

Lenin: philosophical and theoretical writings

Lenin: commentary

Lenin and Hegel

Trotsky: texts

Trotsky: commentary

Trotsky: biographies and political histories

Trotsky: bibliographies

Vygotsky and cultural-historical pscyhology

Leontyev (Leontiev, Leont'ev) and activity theory

Lukacs: texts

Lukacs: general

Lukacs: reification, alienation and rationalisation

Lukacs: class consciousness

Council communism and workers' councils

Korsch

Gramsci

Sohn-Rethel

Critical theory, critical social theory

Immanent critique and internal criticism

Frankfurt School: collections of texts

Frankfurt School: key writings by main figures and their interlocutors 1923-1937

Frankfurt School: histories and commentaries

Frankfurt School on nature and ecology

Frankfurt School and political economy

Bloch

Horkheimer and the pre-war idea of a critical theory

Emancipation from history

Adorno: texts

Adorno: commentary

Adorno and the post-war critique of instrumental reason

Adorno and reification, fetishism

Adorno on identity thinking, ideology and Ursprungsphilosophie

Adorno and ethics

Adorno and psychoanalysis

Marcuse

Labour in Marcuse and the Frankfurt School

Lefebvre

Sartre, existentialism and Marx

Merleau-Ponty and Marx

Althusser: general

Althusser on ideology, recognition and selfhood, interpellation

Praxis group

Ilyenkov (Ilieknov, Il'enkov)

Ilyenkov on the ideal

Dunayevskaya

Debord, Vaneigem and situationism

Operaismo and Autonomist Marxism

Heller

Camatte

Castoriadis

Analytical Marxism

Rational choice Marxism and methodological individualist Marxism: general

Japanese Marxism, including Uno school

Critical realism and Marx

Post-Marxism and radical democracy, Laclau and Mouffe

Open Marxism

Anti-capitalist movement and Marx

Commonism

Communisation

 

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@ 1. GENERAL

 

@ E-texts

The Marx/Engels internet archive has most of Marx's works in English. The cross-language section has links to his works in German and many other languages

The MLWerke site has the best collection of Marx's texts in German. See also the Projekt Gutenberg-DE Marx archive

 

@ Collections of Marx and Engels' works

Marx-Engels-Gesamtausgabe, Berlin: Dietz Verlag, 1970-

Marx-Engels Werke, Berlin: Dietz Verlag, 1956- (40 volumes)

Karl Marx: Early Writings, (ed.) L. Colletti, Penguin

Karl Marx: Early Texts, (ed.) D. McLellan

Karl Marx: Early Writings, (ed.) T. Bottomore

Karl Marx and Frederick Engels: Collected Works, Lawrence and Wishart, 1975- (Some 30 volumes)

Karl Marx and Frederick Engels: Selected Works in Three Volumes, Moscow (from 1845 only)

Karl Marx: Selected Writings, (ed.) D. McLellan (Key texts, but by different translators)

 

@ Marx's most important writings

(With date of composition)

Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right [1843] (in collections of early works)

On the Jewish Question [1843] (in collections of early works)

Contribution to a Critique Hegel's Philosophy of Right: Introduction (the '1843 Introduction')

Notes on James Mill [1844] (also known as Excerpt-notes of 1844 etc.) (in collections of early works)

Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts [1844] (in collections of early works)

Theses on Feuerbach [1845] (included in editions of The German Ideology)

The German Ideology (with Engels) [1845-46], ch. 1 'Feuerbach', in Marx and Engels: Collected Works Vol. 5 (or, with sections of the chapter variously reordered: in Marx and Engels: Selected Works in Three Volumes, in C.J. Arthur (ed.) The German Ideology, and in R. Pascal (ed.) The German Ideology)

Letter to Annenkov [1846] (in most collections of selected works)

The Poverty of Philosophy [1846-47]

Wage-Labour and Capital [1847]

The Communist Manifesto (with Engels) [1847-48], parts 1 and 2

The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte [1852]

Grundrisse [1857-58]

A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy [1859] (The '1859 Preface' to this is in editions of Marx and Engels' selected works)

Theories of Surplus Value, 3 volumes [1863]

Urtext of Capital [1861-63]

Value, Price and Profit [1865] (German edition published as Wages Price and Profit )

Capital Vol. 1 [pub. 1867] tr. B. Fowkes, Penguin (or tr. S. Moore and E. Aveling, Lawrence and Wishart, or abridged as Capital: A Student Edition, (ed.) C.J. Arthur)

Capital Vol. 1 (first edition) ch. 1 'The commodity', and appendix 'The value-form', in S. Mohun (ed.) Debates in Value Theory 1994; also (less well translated) in A. Dragstedt tr. Value: Studies by Marx 1976; the appendix alone is translated by M. Roth and W. Suchting in Capital & Class 4, Spring 1978

The Civil War in France [1871]

Critique of the Gotha Programme [1875], secs. 1-2 (in collections of selected works)

Ethnological Notebooks [1879-80], (ed.) L. Krader

Notes on Wagner [1881] (in Theoretical Practice 5, Spring 1972; T. Carver (ed.) Karl Marx: Texts on Method; and A. Dragstedt (ed.) Value: Studies by Marx)

 

@ Introductions to Marx

Marx and Engels [1848] The Communist Manifesto, parts 1 and 2, in collections of selected works

* McLellan, D. (1971) The Thought of Karl Marx, 3rd ed. 1995

McLellan, D. (1975) Marx, Fontana Modern Masters

Singer, P. (1980) Marx, Pastmasters, reissued as Marx: A Very Short Introduction, 2001 [4]

McCarney, Joseph (1990) Social Theory and the Crisis of Marxism, chs. 6-8, also available online

Graham, K. (1992) Karl Marx: Our Contemporary. Social Theory for a Post-Leninist World

Hindess, B. (1995) 'Marxism' in Goodin and Pettit (eds) A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy

Eagleton, T. (1997) Marx, The Great Philosophers (sometimes listed with the title Marx and Freedom

Wolff, J. (2003) Why Read Marx Today?

Collier, A. (2004) Marx

Osborne, Peter (2005) How to Read Marx

Allen, K. (2011) Marx and the Alternative to Capitalism

 

@ Biographies of Marx

(Also discussions of his personal psychology)

* Mehring, F. [1918] Karl Marx: The Story of His Life, tr. E. Fitzgerald 1936

Berlin, I. (1939) Karl Marx: His Life and Environment

* Cornu, A. (1958) Karl Marx et Friedrich Engels: Leur vie et leur oeuvre, 3 vols

Rubel, M. (1957) Karl Marx: Essai de biographie intellectuelle

McLellan, D. (1971) Karl Marx: His Life and Thought

Seigel, J. E. (1972-73) 'Marx's early development: vocation, rebellion, and realism', Journal of Interdisciplinary History 3

Seigel, J. (1978) Marx's Fate: The Shape of a Life

Reiss, E. (1996) 'Nothing human should be alien to Marx', Imprints 1(2)

Wheen, F. (1999) Karl Marx

Draper, H. (1985) The Marx-Engels Cyclopedia, 3 volumes

 

@ Commentaries on Marx's work as a whole

Lichtheim, G. (1961) Marxism

Avineri, S. (1968) The Social and Political Thought of Karl Marx

Kolakowski, L. (1978) Main Currents of Marxism, Vol. 1: The Founders

Wood, A. (1981) Karl Marx, 2nd ed. 2004

Bottomore, T. (ed.) (1983) Dictionary of Marxist Thought, 2nd ed. 1991

Elster, J. (1985) Making Sense of Marx

 

@ Bibliographies of works on Marx

* McLellan, D. (1971) The Thought of Karl Marx, 2nd ed. 1980

Teeple, G. (1984) Marx's Critique of Politics 1842-1847

 

@ Collections of articles on Marx

Bottomore, T. (ed.) (1973) Karl Marx, 2nd ed. 1979

Mepham, J. and Ruben, D.-H. (eds) (1979-81) Issues in Marxist Philosophy, 4 vols

Parkinson, G.H.R. (ed.) (1982) Marx and Marxisms

Ball, T. and Farr, J. (eds) (1984) After Marx

Cowling, M. and Wilde, L. (eds) (1989) Approaches to Marx

Jessop, B. and Malcolm-Brown, C. (eds) (1990) Karl Marx's Social and Political Thought: Critical Assessments, 4 vols

Carver, T. (ed.) (1991) The Cambridge Companion to Marx

Panasiuk, R. and Nowak, L. (1998) Marx's Theories Today

Meikle, S. (ed.) (2002) Marx, International Library of Critical Essays in the History of Philosophy

Uchida, H. (ed.) (2006) Marx for the 21st Century

Bellofiore, R. and Fineschi, R. (eds) (2009) Re-reading Marx: New Perspectives after the Critical Edition

Chitty, Andrew and McIvor, M. (ed.s) (2009) Karl Marx and Contemporary Philosophy

 

@ Journals of Marx and Marxism studies

Studies in Marxism

Historical Materialism

Marx Actuel

 

@ 2. PRECURSORS AND DEVELOPMENT (1837-46)

 

@ Influences on Marx's development: general

Cornu, A. (1957) The Origins Of Marxian Thought

Kolakowski, L. (1978) Main Currents of Marxism, Vol. 1: The Founders, first chapters

 

@ Aristotle and Marx

(See also the CASEP bibliography on Marxism and Aristotelianism)

(See also 'Species-being as a normative ground')

Lobkowicz, N. (1967) Theory and Practice: History of a Concept from Aristotle to Marx

Gould, C. (1978) Marx's Social Ontology: Individuality and Community in Marx's Theory of Social Reality, ch. 1 'The ontology of society'

Mansfield, H.C. Jr. (1980) 'Marx on Aristotle', Review of Metaphysics 37

Miller, R.W. (1981) 'Marx and Aristotle: a kind of consequentialism', Canadian Journal of Philosophy, supp. Vol. 7, reprinted in A. Callinicos (ed.) Marxist Theory, and in K, Nielsen and S.C. Patten (eds) Marx and Morality

Depew, D.J

Gilbert, A. (1984) 'Marx's moral realism: eudaimonism and moral progress', in T. Ball and J. Farr (eds) After Marx

Meikle, S. (1985) Essentialism in the Thought of Karl Marx

Springborg, P. (1986) 'Politics, primordialism and orientalism: Marx, Aristotle and the myth of the Gemeinschaft', American Political Science Review 801(1)

Kain, P.J. (1988) Marx and Ethics, chs. 1-2

McCarthy, G.E. (1990) Marx and the Ancients: Nineteenth Century German Social Theory and Classical Antiquity

Kain, P.J. (1992) 'Aristotle, Kant and the ethics of the young Marx', in G.E. McCarthy (ed.) Marx and Aristotle: Nineteenth Century German Social Theory and Classical Antiquity

* Margolis, J. (1992) 'Praxis and meaning: Marx's species-being and Aristotle's political animal', in G.E. McCarthy (ed.) Marx and Aristotle: Nineteenth-Century German Thought and Classical Antiquity

McCarthy, G.E. (ed.) (1992) Marx and Aristotle: Nineteenth-Century German Thought and Classical Antiquity

Mewes, H. (1992) 'Karl Marx and the influence of Greek antiquity on Eighteenth-century Geramn Thought', in G.E. McCarthy (ed.) Marx and Aristotle: Nineteenth Century German Social Theory and Classical Antiquity

Depew, D.J. (1992) 'The polis transfigured: Aristotle's Politics and Marx's Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right', in G.E. McCarthy (ed.) Marx and Aristotle: Nineteenth Century German Social Theory and Classical Antiquity

MacIntyre, A. [1994] 'The Theses on Feuerbach: a road not taken' in K. Knight ed The MacIntyre Reader, 1998

Katz, C. (1994) 'The socialist polis: antiquity and socialism in Marx's thought', Review of Poltiics 56(2)

Wilde, L. (1998) 'Marx and justice revisited: the Greek dimension', Studies in Marxism 5, pp. 93-113

Pike, J.E. (1999) From Aristotle to Marx: Aristotelianism in Marxist Social Ontology

Giddy, P. (2000) 'A critical ethic of transformation: dialogue with Marx and Aristotle', Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 95

Pike, J.E. (2001) 'Aristotle and Marx: egalitarianism, civic friendship and rights', Skepsis: A Journal for Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Research 12

Meikle, S. (ed.) (2002) Marx, International Library of Critical Essays in the History of Philosophy (many articles in this collection focus on the Marx-Aristotle relationship)

McCarthy, G.E. (2003) 'Karl Marx, Athenian democracy and the critique of political economy', in his Classical Horizons: The Origins of Sociology in Ancient Greece

Burns, T. (2005) 'Whose Aristotle? Which Marx? Ethics, law and justice in Aristotle and in Marx', Imprints 8(2)

Leopold, D. (2007) The Young Karl Marx: German Philosophy, Modern Politics, and Human Flourishing

 

@ Spinoza and Marx

Spinoza, Tractatus Theologico-Politicus

Hull, G. (2000) 'Marx's anomalous reading of Spinoza', Interpretation 28(1)

 

@ Liberalism and Marx

(See also 'Rights and the rule of law')

Blackburn, R. (ed.) (1991) After the Fall: The Failure of Communism and the Future of Socialism

 

@ Rousseau and Marx

Rousseau [1755] Discourse on the Origins of Inequality

Rousseau [1762] The Social Contract, book 1 chs. 1-6, book 2 ch. 1

Rotenstreich, N. (1949) 'Between Rousseau and Marx', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 9

Della Volpe (1957) Rousseau and Marx, tr. 1987

Meszaros, I. (1970) Marx's Theory of Alienation, pp. 48-61, 99-107

Althusser, L. [1970] article on Rousseau in his Politics and History: Montesquieu, Rousseau, Hegel, Marx 1972

Lecercle, J.-L. (1982) 'Rousseau et Marx', in R.A. Leigh (ed.) Rousseau After Two Hundred Years (and discussion by R. Wokler)

Wokler, R. (1983) 'Rousseau and Marx', in D. Miller and L. Siedentop eds., The Nature of Political Theory

Levine, A. (1993) The General Will: Rousseau, Marx and Communism

Leopold, D. (2007) The Young Karl Marx: German Philosophy, Modern Politics, and Human Flourishing, pp. 262-271

 

@ Kant and Marx

(For Rawls see 'Rawls and Marx')

Adler, M. (1925) Kant und der Marxismus

Kamenka, E. (1962) The Ethical Foundations of Marxism, 2nd ed. 1972, also available online

Kamenka, E. (1969) Marxism and Ethics

Kolakowski, L. (1978) Main Currents of Marxism, Vol. 2, ch. on 'Kantians in the Marxian movement'

Levine, A. (1978) 'Alienation as heteronomy', Philosophical Forum 8, pp. 256-268

Howard, D. (1981) 'The politics of modernism: from Marx to Kant', Philosophy and Social Criticism 8(4)

Hoffman, P. (1982) The Anatomy of Idealism: Passivity and Activity in Kant, Hegel and Marx

Howard, D. (1985) From Marx to Kant

McCarthy, G. (1985) 'Development of the concept and method of critique in Kant, Hegel, and Marx', Studies in Soviet Thought (now Studies in East European Thought) 30(1)

Kain, P.J. (1986) 'The young Marx and Kantian ethics', Studies in Soviet Thought (now Studies in East European Thought) 31(4)

Kain, P.J. (1988) Marx and Ethics, chs. 1-2

Nielsen, K. (1989) Marxism and the Moral Point of View: Morality, Ideology and Historical Materialism, chs. 11-12

Booth, W.J. (1993) 'The limits of autonomy: Karl Marx's Kant critique' in R. Beiner and W.J. Booth (eds) Kant and Political Philosophy: The Contemporary Legacy

Woei Lien Chong (1999). 'Combining Marx with Kant: the philosophical anthropology of Li Zehou', Philosophy East and West 49(2)

Karatani, K. (2003) Transcritique: On Kant and Marx

Negt, O. (2003) Kant und Marx: Ein Epochengesprach

 

@ Kant and Marxists

Lukacs, Georg [1923] 'Reification and the consciousness of the proletariat', part 2 'The antinomies of bourgeois thought', in his History and Class Consciousness

Adorno, T. [1959] Kant's Critique of Pure Reason, tr. 2001

Adorno, T. [1963] Problems of Moral Philosophy, tr. 2000

Bonefeld, Werner and Psychopedis, Kosmas (eds) (2005) Human Dignity: Social Autonomy and the Critique of Capitalism

Adorno, T. [1969] 'Subject and object', in A. Arato E. Gebhardt (eds) The Essential Frankfurt School Reader 1982, also in H.W. Pickford (ed.) Critical Models: Interventions and Catchwords 2005

 

@ Humboldt (Wilhelm von) and Marx

Humboldt, W. von [1792] The Limits of State Action [Ideen zu einem Versuch, die Grenzen der Wirksamkeit des Staates zu bestimmen] (previously translated under the title The Sphere and Duties of Government), also available online

Geuss, R. (2001) History and Illusion in Politics, pp. 80ff

Chomsky, N. (1970) 'Notes on anarchism', in D. Guerin, Anarchism: From Theory to Practice

 

@ Romanticism and Marx

Lukes, S. (1973) Individualism, ch. 10 'Self-development'

Levin, M. (1974) 'Marxism and romanticism: Marx's debt to German conservatism', Political Studies 22(4)

Lwy, M. (1987) 'The Romantic and the Marxist critique of modern civilization', Theory and Society 16(6)

White, J.D. (1996) Karl Marx and the Intellectual Origins of Dialectical Materialism

Lwy, M. and Satre, R. (2002) Romanticism Against the Tide of Modernity

 

@ Fichte and Marx

Fichte [1792] Attempt at a Critique of all Revelation, CUP, 1978, see p. 73 (for idea of Ent舫sserung)

Fichte [1794] Science of Knowledge, CUP, 1982, see p. 154 (for idea of Ent舫sserung)

Garaudy, R. [1965] Karl Marx: The Evolution of his Thought, tr. 1967

Lobkowicz, N. (1967) Theory and Practice: History of a Concept from Aristotle to Marx, pp. 300-2

Mader, J. (1968) Fichte, Feuerbach, Marx (in German)

Becker, F.J.E. (1972) Freiheit und Entfremdung bei Fichte, Marx und in der kritischen Theorie, University of Cologne dissertation

Rockmore, T. (1980) Fichte, Marx and the German Philosophical Tradition

Shen, Z. (1997) 'Johann Fichte and Karl Marx', Social Sciences in China 18(2)

 

@ Hegel and Marx: general

(For more specific aspects see 'Hegel: Marx's critiques of Hegel's philosophy as a whole', 'Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right (1843)', 'Method of Capital: Hegelian interpretations', 'Logic of essence in Capital' and 'Logic of the concept in Capital')

(For alienation in Hegel vs. in Marx see A Hegel bibliography: 'Alienation and externalisation in Hegel')

(See the Hegel's critics page of the Marxist Internet Archive for a collection of online appreciations and critiques of Hegel by Marxists)

Engels, F. [1886] Ludwig Feuerbach and the Outcome of Classical German Philosophy

Cooper, R. (1925) The Logical Influence of Hegel on Marx

Marcuse, Herbert (1941) Reason and Revolution: Hegel and the Rise of Social Theory

Koj钁e, A. [1947] Introduction to the Reading of Hegel, tr. J.H. Nichols 1969

Lukacs, Georg [1948] The Young Hegel: Studies in the Relations Between Dialectics and Economics, tr. 1975, esp. chapter on 'Work and the problem of teleology'

Avineri, S. (1968) The Social and Political Thought of Karl Marx

Habermas, Jrgen [1968] Knowledge and Human Interests, ch. 2

Colletti, L. [1969] Marxism and Hegel, tr. 1973

Althusser, L. [1965] For Marx, tr. 1969

Althusser, L. [1970] 'Marx's relation to Hegel' in his Politics and History: Montesquieu, Rousseau, Hegel, Marx 1972

Arthur, Christopher J. (1986) Dialectics of Labour: Marx and his Relation to Hegel, available online

McCarney, Joseph (1990) Social Theory and the Crisis of Marxism, ch. 6 'The standpoint of evaluation', also available online

Boger, G. (1991) 'On the materialist appropriation of Hegel's dialectical method', Science and Socieety 55(1)

Rosenthal, J. (1998) The Myth of Dialectics: Reinterpreting the Hegel-Marx Relation

Burns, T. and Fraser, I. (eds) (2000) The Hegel-Marx Connection

Fine, Robert (2001) 'The Marx-Hegel relationship: revisionist interpretations', Capital & Class 75

Postone, Moishe (2003) 'Lukacs and the dialectical critique of capitalism', section 3, in R. Albritton and J. Simoulidis (eds) New Dialectics and Political Economy

Cole, A. (2004) 'What Hegel's master/slave dialectic really means', Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 34(3)

Levine, N. (2006) Divergent Paths: Hegel in Marxism and Engelsism

Chitty, Andrew (2011) 'Hegel and Marx', in S. Houlgate and M. Baur (eds) A Companion to Hegel

 

@ Hegel: Marx's critiques of Hegel's philosophy as a whole

(For Marx's critique of Hegel's political philosophy see , 'Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right (1843)'

Marx [1844] Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts, 'Critique of Hegel's dialectic'

Marx and Engels [1844] The Holy Family. secs. on 'The mystery of speculative construction', 'Spirit and mass'

Marx [1847] The Poverty of Philosophy, ch. 2 'The metaphysics of political economy', sec. 1 'The method'

Marx [1873] Afterword to 1873 edition of Capital volume 1

Arthur, Christopher J. (1986) Dialectics of Labour: Marx and his Relation to Hegel, chs. 4-6, available online

McCarney, Joseph (1999) 'Hegel's legacy', Res Publica 5(2), reprinted in T. Burns and I. Fraser (eds) The Hegel-Marx Connection, 2000

McCarney, Joseph (2009) '"The entire mystery": Marx's understanding of Hegel', in A. Chitty and M. McIvor (eds) Karl Marx and Contemporary Philosopy, also available online

 

@ Savigny (and the historical school of law): general

(With thanks to James Furner)

Savigny, F.K. von (1802-03) Juristische Methodenlehre, (ed.) G. Wesenberg 1951 (Savigny's 1802-03 Marburg lecture notes)

Savigny, F.K. von (1803) Abhandlung des Lehre vom Besitz, 2nd and subsequent editions as Das Recht des Besitzes, 7th (ed.) 1865, tr. E. Perry as Von Savigny's Treatise on Possession, or the Jus Possessionis of the Civil Law

Hugo, G. (1809) Lehrbuch des Naturrechts als einer Philosophie des positiven Rechts, esp. introductory chapter on 'Juristische Anthropologie'

* Savigny, F.K. von (1814) Zum Beruf unser Zeit fr Gesetzgebung und Rechtswissenschaft, 3rd (ed.) 1840, tr. A. Hayward as On the Vocation of our Age for Legislation and Jurisprudence 1831, extract in Lloyd, Introduction to Jurisprudence 1994

Savigny, F.K. von (1815) 'ワber den Zweck dieser Zeitschrift', Zeitschrift fr geschichtliche Rechtswissenschaft 1

Savigny, F.K. von (1815-31) Geschichte des rmischen Rechts im Mittelalter (Vol. 1 tr. E. Cathcart as The History of the Roman Law during the Middle Ages)

Savigny, F.K. von (1840-49) System des heutigen Rmischen Rechts, 8 vols. (Vol. 1 tr. W. Holloway as System of the Modern Roman Law, 1867; Vol. 2 tr. W. H. Rattigan as Jural Relations: or The Roman law of Persons as Subjects of Jural Relations, 1884)

Jhering, R. von (1852) Der Geist des Rmischen Rechts, preface, tr.as 'The value of the Roman law to the modern world', Virginia Law Journal 4, pp. 453-464, 1880

Kantorowicz, H. (1937) 'Savigny and the historical school of law', Law Quarterly Review 53, pp. 326-343

Wieacker, F. (1952) Privatrechtsgeschichte der Neuzeit, 2nd ed.1967

Allen, C.K. (1958) Law in the Making

Jones, J. (1970) 'The historical school of law and codes', in his Historical Introduction to the Theory of Law

Blhdorn, J. (1973) 'Natturrechtkritik und "Philosophie des Postiven Rechts" zur Begrndung der Jurisprudenz als positiver Fachwissenshaft durch Gustav Hugo', Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis 41, pp. 3-17

+ Pollack, E. (1979) Juripsrudence, section on Savigny

+ Stein, P. (1980) Legal Evolution: The Story of an Idea, ch. 3 'The German historical school of law'

+ Dias, R. (1985) Jurisprudence, section on Savigny

Toews, J.E. (1989) 'The immanent genesis and transcendent goal of law: Savigny, Stahl and the ideology of the Christian German state', American Journal of Comparitive Law 37, pp. 139-169

Whitman, J.Q. (1990) The Legacy of Roman Law in the German Romantic Era

+ Curzon, L.B. (1998) 'Savigny, the Volksgeist and historical jurisprudence', Student Law Review 23, pp. 54-56

 

@ Savigny on possession

Savigny, F.K. von (1803) Abhandlung des Lehre vom Besitz, 2nd and subsequent editions as Das Recht des Besitzes, 7th (ed.) 1865, tr. E. Perry as Von Savigny's Treatise on Possession, or the Jus Possessionis of the Civil Law

Brutti, M. (1976-77) 'L'intuizione della propriet nel systema dui Savigny', Quaderni Fiorentini 5-6(1), pp. 41-103

 

@ Savigny and Hegel

(See 'A Hegel bibliography: 'Savigny and Hegel')

 

@ Savigny and the Young Hegelians

(See also 'Law in the early political writings (1837-46)')

(For Gans and Savigny see 'Gans')

Ruge, A. [1841] 'Zur Characteristik Savignys', in his Zur neuesten Geschichte des Deutschen Geistes

Toews, J.E. (1981) Hegelianism: The Path Toward Dialectical Humanism, 1805-1841, pp. 60-63, 109-111, 121ff., 244-247

 

@ Savigny and Marx, Niebuhr and Marx, Marx on the history of law

(See also 'Law in the early political writings')

Marx [wr. Apr-Aug 1842] 'Philosophical manifesto of the Historical Law School', CW1 pp. 203-210

Marx [Oct 1842] 'Debates on the law on theft of wood', CW1 pp. 224-263 (see section on customary right)

Marx [wr. Jan 1844] Contribution to a Critique Hegel's Philosophy of Right: Introduction

Marx, Grundrisse, 'Precapitalist forms of production'

Marx, Ethnographical Notebooks

Vigouroux, C. (1965) 'Karl Marx et la l馮islation foresti鑽e rhenane de 1842', Revue d'histoire 馗onomique et sociale 43

Jaeger, H. (1967) 'Savigny et Marx', Archives de Philosophie du Droit 12, pp. 65-89

Landau, P. (1973) 'Karl Marx und die Rechtsgeschichte', Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis 41

Kelley, D.R. (1978) 'The metaphysics of law: an essay on the very young Marx', American Historical Review 83

Paul, W. (1978-79) 'Marx versus Savigny', Anales de la Catedra Francisco Suarez 18-19, pp. 271-320

Levine, N. (1987) 'The German historical school of law and the origins of historical materialism', Journal of the History of Ideas 48

Paul, W. (1974) Marxistische Rechtstheorie als Kritik des Rechts, section on wood theft article

 

@ Stahl

Stahl, F.J. (1830-1837) Die Philosophie des Rechts nach geschichtlicher Ansicht, 3 vols

Stahl, F.J. [18?] 'Hegels Naturrecht und Philosophie des Geistes', in M. Riedel (ed.) Materialien zu Hegels Rechtsphilosophie 1975

Wiegand, C. (1981) ワber Friedrich Julius Stahl (1801-1862): Recht, Staat, Kirche

Fssl (1988) Professor in der Politik: Friedrich Julius Stahl (1802-1861)

Toews, J.E. (1989) 'The immanent genesis and transcendent goal of law: Savigny, Stahl and the ideology of the Christian German state', American Journal of Comparitive Law 37 (see part 3, 'Savigny and Stahl')

+ Breckman, W. (1999) Marx, The Young Hegelians and the Origins of Radical Social Theory, ch. 2 'The transcendent sovereign and the political theology of restoration' (esp. last section)

Drucker, P.F. (2002) 'Friedrich Julius Stahl: his conservative theory of the state', Society 39(5)

 

@ Gans

(Including Gans-Savigny relation)

Gans, E. [1839] 'ワber die Grundlage des Besitzes, eine Duplik', in H. Schrder (ed.) Eduard Gans: Philosophische Schriften

Schrder, H. (1971) Eduard Gans: Philosophische Schriften

Braun, J. (1981) 'Der Besitzrechtsstreit zwischen F. C. von Savigny und Eduard Gans - Idee und Wirklichkeit einer juristischen Kontroverse', Quaderni Fiorentini 9, reprinted in Braun's Judentum, Jurisprudenz und Philosophie 1997

Waszek, N. (ed.) (1991) Eduard Gans (1979-1839): Hegelianer-Jude-Europ臚r. Texte und Documente

Hoffheimer, M.H. (1995) Eduard Gans and the Hegelian Philosophy of Law

+ Breckman, W. (1999) Marx, The Young Hegelians and the Origins of Radical Social Theory, pp. 164-178

Breckman, W. (2001) 'Eduard Gans and the crisis of Hegelianism', Journal of the History of Ideas 62(3)

Bl舅ker, R. Ghler, G., and Waszek, N. (eds) (2002) Eduard Gans (1797-1839). Politischer Professor zwischen Restauration und Vorm舐z

 

@ Pre-Marxist socialism and Marx, utopian socialism and Marx

(See also 'Utopianism and Marx')

(See also A political philosophy bibliography: 'socialism and communism')

Engels, F. [1843] 'The progress of social reform on the continent', in Marx and Engels Collected Works vol. 3, also available online

Engels, F

Tucker, R. (1961) Philosophy and Myth in Karl Marx, 2nd ed. 1972, ch. 7

Rihs, C. (1978) L'馗ole des jeunes-H馮駘iens et les penseurs socialistes fran軋is

Gregory, D. (1983) 'What Marx and Engels knew of French socialism', Historical Reflections 10(1), Spring 1983

Levitas, R. (2004) 'Beyond bourgeois right: freedom, equality and utopia in Marx and Morris', The European Legacy 9(5)

Leopold, D. (2005) 'The structure of Marx and Engels' considered account of utopian socialism', History of Political Thought 26(3)

Leopold, D. (2007) The Young Karl Marx: German Philosophy, Modern Politics, and Human Flourishing, ch. 5

 

@ Saint-Simon and Marx

Leopold, D. (2007) The Young Karl Marx: German Philosophy, Modern Politics, and Human Flourishing, pp. 271-277 'Marx and Saint-Simon'

 

@ Fourier and Marx

Engels, F. [1843] 'The progress of social reform on the continent'

Hess, M. [1843] 'Socialism and communism', review of L. von Stein, Der Sozialismus und Communismus des heutigen Frankreich, 1842, in Hess, The Holy History of Mankind and Other Writings, ed. S. Avineri, 2004

Beecher, Jonathan (2001) Charles Fourier: The Visionary and his World, ch. 14 'Work in harmony'

 

@ Utopianism in Marx

(See also 'Pre-Marxist socialism and Marx')

Harris, A.L. (1950) 'Utopian elements in Marx's thought', Ethics 60

Molnar, T.S. (1972) Utopia: The Perennial Heresy

Altman, A. (1981) 'Is Marxism utopia?', Philosophy and Social Criticism 8(4)

Geoghegan, Vincent (1987) 'Marxism and utopianism', Utopian Studies 1

Webb, D. (2000) Marx, Marxism and Utopia

Geoghegan, Vincent [1987] Utopianism and Marxism, 2nd ed. 2008

 

@ Young Hegelians: general

(See also Ralph Dumain's Young Hegelians bibliography)

* Stepelevich, L.S. (ed.) (1983) The Young Hegelians (texts by the major members of the group)

Lwith, K. [1941] From Hegel to Nietzsche

Brazill, W.J. (1970) The Young Hegelians

Massey, J.A. (1978) 'The Hegelians, the Pietists, and the nature of religion', Journal of Religion, pp. 108-129

Toews, J.E. (1980) Hegelianism: the Path toward Dialectical Humanism, 1805‑1841

Jaeschke, W. [1986] Reason in Religion: The Foundations of Hegel's Philosophy of Religion, tr. 1990

+ Toews, J.E. (1993) 'Transformations of Hegelianism, 1805-1846', in Beiser (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Hegel

 

@ Young Hegelians: politics

Engels [1886] Ludwig Feuerbach and the Outcome of Classical German Philosophy

Macintosh, R. (1903) Hegel and Hegelianism

Stuke, H. (1963) Philosophie der Tat. Studien zur Verwirklichung der Philosophie bei den Junghegelianern und wahren Sozialisten

Cesa, C. (1972) Studi sulla sinistra hegeliana

Sass, H.-M. (ed.) (1978) 'Feuerbach, Marx and the Left Hegelians', special issue of Philosophical Forum 8(2-4) some articles available online

Massey, M.C. (1983) Christ Unmasked: The Meaning of the 'Life of Jesus' in German Politics

Mah, H. (1987) The End of Philosophy, the Origin of 'Ideology': Karl Marx and the Crisis of the Young Hegelians

Essbach, W. (1988) Fie Junghegelianer. Soziologie enier Intellecktuellengruppe, Mnchen

Hellman, R.J. (1990) Berlin - The Red Room and White Beer: The 'Free' Hegelian Radicals in the 1840s

Breckman, W. (1999) Marx, The Young Hegelians and the Origins of Radical Social Theory

Moggach, D. (ed.) (2006) The New Hegelians: Politics and Philosophy in the Hegelian School

 

@ Young Hegelians and Marx: general

Kolakowski, L. (1978) Main Currents of Marxism Vol. 1, ch. 6

Marcuse, Herbert (1941) Reason and Revolution, part 2 ch. 1

Hook, S. (1950) From Hegel to Marx, 2nd ed. 1962, chs. 1-4, 7-8

Tucker, R. (1961) Philosophy and Myth in Karl Marx, 2nd ed. 1972, chs. 2-7

McLellan, D. (1969) The Young Hegelians and Karl Marx

Habermas, Jrgen [1985] The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity, ch. 3

+ Nola, R. (1993) 'The Young Hegelians, Feuerbach and Marx', in R.C. Solomon and K.M. Higgins (eds) Routledge History of Philosophy. Volume 6: The Age of German Idealism

Wood, A.W. (1993) 'Hegel and Marxism', in Beiser (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Hegel

Brudney, D. (1998) Marx's Attempt to Leave Philosophy

 

@ Heine and Marx

Marcuse, L. (1955) 'Heine and Marx', Germanic Review 30

Reeves, N. (1973) 'Heine and the young Marx', Oxford German Studies 7

Kouvelakis, S. (2003) Philosophy and Revolution: From Kant to Marx, ch. 2

Leopold, D. (2007) The Young Karl Marx: German Philosophy, Modern Politics, and Human Flourishing, pp. 26-32

 

@ Strauss

Strauss, D.F. [1835] The Life of Jesus Critically Examined, tr. George Eliot, (ed.) P. Hodgson 1994

Strauss, D.F. [1837] In Defense of My Life of Jesus against the Hegelians, tr. M.C. Massey 1983

Harris, H. (1973) David Friedrich Strauss and his Theology

 

@ Cieszkowski and Marx

Cieszkowski, A. [1839] 'Prolegomena to historiosophy', chs. 1 and 2 in A. Liebich (ed.) Selected Writings of August Cieszkowski 1979, also in L. Stepelevich (ed.) The Young Hegelians 1983

Avineri, S. (1968) The Social and Political Thought of Karl Marx, ch. 5

Liebich, A. (1979) Between Ideology and Utopia: The Politics and Philosophy of August Cieszkowski, Boston

 

@ Bauer and Marx

(For the relation to Bauer in the Doctoral Dissertation specifically, see 'Doctoral Dissertation')

(For Marx's 'On the Jewish Question', see that)

* Bauer, B. [Oct 1841] The Trumpet of the Last Judgement over Hegel, the Atheist and Antichrist, tr. L. Stepelevich, Edwin Mellen Press, Lewiston, 1989. Two excerpts in L. Stepelevich (ed.) The Young Hegelians 1983

Bauer, B. [spring 1842] Die gute Sache der Freiheit und meine eigene Angelegenheit [The good cause of freedom and my own affair], Scientia Verlag, Aalen, 1972

Bauer, B. [early 1843] The Jewish Problem, tr. H. Lederer, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, 1958. Also published as 'The capacity of present-day Jews and Christians to become free', Philosophical Forum, 8(2)-4, 1978. Abridged as 'The Jewish question' in L. Stepelevich (ed.) The Young Hegelians 1983

Bauer, B. [Oct 1843] Das Entdeckte Christenthum, translated as An English Edition of Bruno Bauer's 1843 Christianity Exposed ed. P. Trejo 2002

Bauer, B. [1877] Christ and the Caesars: The Origin of Christianity from Romanized Greek Culture, tr. F.E. Schacht 1998

Sass, H.-M. (ed.) (1968) Bruno Bauer: Feldzge der reinen Kritik [Campaigns of pure criticism], Suhrkamp, Frankfurt am Main (a collection of Bauer's articles from 1841 to 1844)

Barnikol, E. (1972) Bruno Bauer: Studien und Materialien, eds. P. Reimer and H.-M. Sass, van Gorcum, Essen

Rosen, Z. (1977) Bruno Bauer and Karl Marx: The Influence of Bruno Bauer on Marx's Thought

Sass, H.-M. (1978) 'Bruno Bauer's critical theory', Philosophical Forum 8

Pepperle, I. (1978) Junghegelianische Geschichtsphilosophie und Kunsttheorie, Akademie-Verlag, Berlin

* Moggach, D. (1989) 'Absolute spirit and universal self-consciousness: Bruno Bauer's revolutionary subjectivism', Dialogue: Canadian Philosophy Review, 28(2), pp. 235-256

+ Stepelevich, L. (1989) 'Translator's introduction' to Bruno Bauer, The Trumpet of the Last Judgement over Hegel, the Atheist and Antichrist, Edwin Mellen Press, Lewiston, 1989

Moggach, D. (1992) 'Nation, Volk, Masse: left-Hegelian perspectives on the rise of nationalism', History of European Ideas 15(1-3), pp. 339-345

Waser, R. (1994) Autonomie des Selbstbewu゚tseins. Eine Untersuchung zum Verh舁tniss von Bruno Bauer und Karl Marx (1835-1843)

Moggach, D. (1996) 'Bruno Bauer's political critique, 1840-41', Owl of Minerva 27(2), pp. 137-154

Leopold, D. (1999) 'The Hegelian antisemitism of Bruno Bauer', History of European Ideas 25(4)

Moggach, D. (2002) The Philosophy and Politics of Bruno Bauer

+ Moggach, D. (2002) 'Bruno Bauer', Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, available online

Moggach, D. (2006) 'Republican rigorism and emancipation in Bruno Bauer', in D. Moggach (ed.) The New Hegelians: Philosophy and Politics in the Hegelian School

Leopold, D. (2007) The Young Karl Marx: German Philosophy, Modern Politics, and Human Flourishing, ch. 2, see pp. 163-180

 

@ Ruge and Marx

Ruge, A. [1840] 'Zur Kritik des gegenw舐tigen Staats- und Volkerrechts', in G.W.F. Hegel. Philosophie des Rechts, ed. H. Reichelt, 1972

Ruge, A. [1842] 'Hegel's Philosophy of Right and the politics of our times' in L. Stepelevich (ed.) The Young Hegelians

Marx [Aug 1844] 'Critical marginal notes on 'The King of Prussia and social reform'' [Aug 1844], CW3 pp. 189-210

Walter, S. (1995) Demokratisches Denken zwischen Hegel und Marx: die politische Philosophie Arnold Ruges, Droste Verlag, Dsseldorf

Breckman, W. (1999) Marx, The Young Hegelians and the Origins of Radical Social Theory, ch. 7

 

@ Feuerbach: links

Feuerbach internet archive is the best source of online Feuerbach texts in English

Ralph Dumain's Feuerbach bibliography has some items not included here

Ludwig-Feuerbach-Gesellschaft (Ludwig Feuerbach Society) website has links and a bibliography of recent German-language literature on Feuerbach

International Society of Feuerbach Researchers website has some online articles on Feuerbach

 

@ Feuerbach: texts

Feuerbach, L. [1828] 'ワber die Vernunft' (doctoral dissertation) in Werke Vol. 1, (ed.) E. Thies, Frankfurt, 1975

Feuerbach, L. [1828] Letter to Hegel, 22 November 1828, in C. Butler (ed.) Hegel: The Letters

Feuerbach, L. [1830] Thoughts on Death and Immortality, tr. J. Massey, 1980

Feuerbach, L. (1833) Geschichte der neuen Philosophie von Bacon von Verulam bis Benedikt Spinoza (History of Modern Philosophy from Bacon to Spinoza)

Feuerbach, L. [1835] '"Die Philosophie des Rechts nach Geschichtliche Ansicht"' (Review of J. Stahl, The Philosophy of Right in Historical Perspective, Vol. 2)

Feuerbach. L. [1837] Darstellung, Entwicklung und Kritik der Leibnitz'schen Philosophie (Presentation, Development and Critique of Leibniz's Philosophy)

Feuerbach, L. (1838) Pierre Bayle

Feuerbach, L. [1838] 'Zur Kritik der Christlichen oder "positiven" Philosophie' (review of J. Sengler, On the Essence and Meaning of Speculative Philosophy and Theology in the Present Time)

Feuerbach, L. [1838] '"Die Idee der Freiheit und der begriff des Gedankens, von. Dr. K. Bayer"' (review of K. Bayer, The Idea of Freedom and the Concept of Thought)

Feuerbach, L. [1839] 'Philosophie und Christentum' (rejection of H. Leo's attack on Hegel as unChristian; his last text to defend Hegelianism)

Feuerbach, L. [1839] 'Towards a critique of Hegel's philosophy' in L. Stepelevich (ed.) The Young Hegelians 1983, also in Z. Hanfi (ed.) The Fiery Brook 1972

Feuerbach, L. [1840] 'Dr. Karl Bayer, Betrachtungen ber den Begriff des sittlichen Geistes und ber das Wesen der Tugend', in Gesammelte Werke Vol. 9 (Review of K. Bayer, Considerations on the Concept of Ethical Spirit and the Essence of Virtue)

Feuerbach, L. [1841] The Essence of Christianity, esp. prefaces and introduction; also available online, the German text of the introduction, part 1 'The essential nature of man' is also available online

Feuerbach, L. [1841] 'On "The Beginning of Philosophy"' (review of J.F. Reiff, The Beginning of Philosophy), in Z. Hanfi (ed.) The Fiery Brook 1972

Feuerbach, L. [1841?] 'The necessity of a reform of philosophy', in Z. Hanfi (ed.) The Fiery Brook 1972

Feuerbach, L. [1842] 'Provisional theses for the reform of philosophy', first published 1843, in L. Stepelevich (ed.) The Young Hegelians, also in Z. Hanfi (ed.) The Fiery Brook 1972

Feuerbach, L. [1843] Principles of the Philosophy of the Future, tr. M. Vogel 1966, reprinted with introduction by T. Wartenberg 1986; also in also in Z. Hanfi (ed.) The Fiery Brook 1972, Hanfi translation available online

Feuerbach, L. [1844] The Essence of Faith According to Luther: A Supplement to the Essence of Christianity, tr. M. Cherno 1967

Feuerbach, L. [1845] The Essence of Religion

Feuerbach, L. [1845] 'The Essence of Christianity in relation to The Ego and its Own', Philosophical Forum 8(2-4), 1978, also available online (Feuerbach's review of The Ego and its Own)

Feuerbach, L. [1851] Lectures on the Essence of Religion, tr. R. Manheim 1967, also available online (extracts)

Feuerbach, L. [18?] 'Basic principles of the philosophy of the future', in M. Friedman (ed.) The Worlds Of Existentialism: A Critical Reader, 1964

Hanfi, Z. (ed.) (1972) The Fiery Brook: Selected Writings of Ludwig Feuerbach, tr. Z. Hanfi

 

@ Feuerbach's philosophy in general

Chamberlain, W.B. (1941) Heaven Wasn't His Destination: The Philosophy of Ludwig Feuerbach

Althusser, L. [1960] 'Feuerbach's philosophical manifestoes', in his For Marx

Tucker, R. (1961) Philosophy and Myth in Karl Marx, ch. 4

* Kamenka, E. (1970) The Philosophy of Ludwig Feuerbach

* Wartofsky, M. (1977) Feuerbach, esp. chs. 7,11

+ Massey, J.A. (1980) Introduction', to Feuerbach, Thoughts on Death and Immortality, University of California Press

Toews, J.E. (1980) Hegelianism, ch. 10

+ Wartenberg, T. (1986) 'Introduction' to Ludwig Feuerbach, Principles of the Philosophy of the Future, ed. T. Wartenberg

Wilson, C.A. (1989) Feuerbach and the Search for Otherness

Philonenko, A. (1990) La jeunesse de Feuerbach. 1828-1841. Introduction ses positions fondamentales, Vol. 1, Paris

Johnston, L.W. (1995) Between Transcendence and Nihilism: Species-Ontology in the Philosophy of Ludwig Feuerbach

 

@ Feuerbach and Hegel

Feuerbach, L. [1828] Letter to Hegel, in Hegel: The Letters, tr. C. Butler and C. Seiler 1984, pp. 547-550

Feuerbach, L. [1839] 'Towards a critique of Hegel's philosophy' in L. Stepelevich (ed.) The Young Hegelians 1983, also in Z. Hanfi (ed.) The Fiery Brook 1972

Feuerbach, L. [1841] The Essence of Christianity, ch. 23, also available online

Feuerbach, L. [1843] 'Provisional theses for the reform of philosophy' in L. Stepelevich (ed.) The Young Hegelians, also in Z. Hanfi (ed.) The Fiery Brook 1972

Feuerbach, L. [1843] Principles of the Philosophy of the Future, tr. M. Vogel, (ed.) T. Wartenberg 1986, also in Z. Hanfi (ed.) The Fiery Brook 1972, Hanfi translation available online (ァァ1-31 are on Hegel)

Lwith, K. (1971) 'Mediation and immediacy in Hegel, Marx, and Feuerbach', in W.E. Steinkraus (ed.) New Studies in Hegel's Philosophy

Wartofsky, M. (1977) Feuerbach, chs. 6-7

Williams, H.L. (1978) 'Feuerbach and Hegel', Idealistic Studies 8

Dahlstrom, D. (1984) 'Marxist ideology and Feuerbach's critique of Hegel', Philosophical Forum 15

Duquette, D. (1988) 'From disciple to antagonist: Feuerbach's critique of Hegel', Philosophy and Theology 3

 

@ Feuerbach and religion

Glasse, J. (1972) 'Why did Feuerbach concern himself with Luther?', Revue Internationale de Philosophie 26

Fiorenza, F.S. (1979) 'Feuerbach's interpretation of religion and Christianity', Philosophical Forum 11

Wartofsky, M. (1977) Feuerbach, chs. 8-10

Dickey, L. (1993) 'Hegel on religion and philosophy', in Beiser (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Hegel

Hipwell, V.B. (1993) 'Taking "things as they are": the basis of Ludwig Feuerbach's objection to the Christian religion', History of Political Thought 14(3)

Thornton, S.P. (1996) 'Facing up to Feuerbach', International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 39(2)

Van Harvey, A. (1996-97) 'The re-discovery of Ludwig Feuerbach', Free Inquiry 17(1)

Van Harvey, A. (1997) Feuerbach and the Interpretation of Religion

 

@ Feuerbach's anthropology, species-being and anti-individualism in Feuerbach

(See also 'Feuerbach's political thought')

Rotenstreich, N. (1972) 'Anthropology and sensibility', Revue Internationale de Philosophie 26

Schmidt, A. (1973) Emanzipatorische Sinnlichkeit: Ludwig Feuerbachs anthropologischer Materialismus

Massey, J.A. (1976) 'Feuerbach and religious individualism', Journal of Religion 54

Wartofsky, M. (1977) Feuerbach, chs. 11-12

Christensen, K.R. (1985) 'Individuation and commonality in Feuerbach's "philosophy of man"', Interpretation 13(3)

 

@ Feuerbach's political thought, his humanism and civic humanism

(For the Theses on Feuerbach, see 'Praxis, Theses on Feuerbach',)

Gordon, F.M. (1978) 'The contradictory nature of Feuerbachian humanism', Philosophical Forum 8

* Breckman, W. (1992) 'Ludwig Feuerbach and the political theology of restoration', History of Political Thought 13(3)

Johnston, L.W. (1995) Between Transcendence and Nihilism: Species-Ontology in the Philosophy of Ludwig Feuerbach

Breckman, W. (1999) Marx, The Young Hegelians and the Origins of Radical Social Theory: Dethroning the Self, ch. 3 and pp. 196-220

 

@ Feuerbach and Marx

(Including the 'true socialists')

(For the Theses on Feuerbach, see 'Theses on Feuerbach')

Engels, F. [1888] Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy

Tucker, R. (1961) Philosophy and Myth in Karl Marx, chs. 4-6

Schuffenhauer, W. (1972) Feurbach und der junge Marx, Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, Berlin

Lukacs, Georg (1954) 'Zur philosophischen Entwicklung des jungen Marx', Deutsche Zeitschrift fr Philosophie 2(2), pp. 288ff

Ranci鑽es, J. [1965] 'The concept of critique and the critique of political economy', Theoretical Practice 1,2,6 (Jan 1971, Apr 1971, May 1972)

Lobkowicz, N. (1967) Theory and Practice: History of a Concept from Aristotle to Marx, chs. 17, 20

Gagern, M. (1971) 'The puzzling pattern of the Marxist critique of Feuerbach', Studies in Soviet Thought (now Studies in East European Thought) 11

Sass, H.-M. (1983) 'The 'transition' from Feuerbach to Marx: a re-interpretation', Studies in Soviet Thought (now Studies in East European Thought) 26(2)

Harvey, V.A. (1985) 'Ludwig Feuerbach and Karl Marx', in N. Smart et al. (eds) Nineteenth Century Religious Thought in the West

Elster, J. (1985) Making Sense of Marx, sec. 8.2.1 'Inversion' (pp. 477-482)

* Arthur, Christopher J. (1986) Dialectics of Labour, ch. 9, available online

Breckman, W. (1992) 'Ludwig Feuerbach and the political theology of restoration', History of Political Thought 13(3)

Geoghegan, Vincent (2004) 'Religion and communism: Feuerbach, Marx and Bloch', The European Legacy 9(5)

Wittmann, D. (2008) 'Les sources du concept d'ali駭ation', in E. Renault (ed.) Lire les Manuscrits de 1844

 

@ Feuerbach and Stirner

Feuerbach, L. [1845] 'The Essence of Christianity in relation to The Ego and its Own', Philosophical Forum 8(2-4), 1978, also available online (Feuerbach's review of The Ego and its Own)

Stirner, M. [1846?] 'Stirner's critics', Philosophical Forum 8, 1978, also available online (Stirner's response to the)

Stepelevich, L.S. (1978) 'Max Stirner and Ludwig Feuerbach' Journal of the History of Ideas 39

Gordon, F.M. (1978) 'The debate between Feuerbach and Stirner: an introduction', Philosophical Forum 8(2-4), also available online

 

@ Stirner

(The Egoist archive: Stirner collection is the best source of online resources on Stirner in English)

(The lsr-projekt site has German-language texts of Stirner's main works)

Stirner, M. [1842] 'Art and religion', in L. Stepelevich (ed.) The Young Hegelians, also available online

Stirner, M. [1844] The Ego and its Own, tr. S.T. Byington, ed. J.L. Walker 1907, or ed. S. Parker 1982, or ed. D. Leopold 1995; 1907 edition available online

Stirner, M. [1846?] 'Stirner's critics', Philosophical Forum 8, 1978, also available online (Stirner's response to Feuerbach's review of The Ego and its Own)

Stirner, M. Kleiner Schriften, Frommann-Holzboog, Stuttgart, 1976

Carer, P. (1911) 'Max Stirner, the predecessor of Nietzsche', The Monist 21

Camus, A. [1951] The Rebel, section on Stirner (not included in Penguin Modern Classics edition)

Arvon, H. (1954) Aux Sources de L'Existentialisme: Max Stirner

McLellan, D. (1969) The Young Hegelians and Karl Marx, ch. 3 'Max Stirner', available online

Carroll, J. (1974) Break-out from the Crystal Palace: The Anarcho-Psychological Critique; Stirner, Nietzsche, Dostoevsky

Paterson, R.W.K. (1971) The Nihilistic Egoist: Max Stirner

Clark, J.P. (1976) Max Stirner's Egoism

Stepelevich, L.S. (1985) 'Stirner as Hegelian' Journal of the History of Ideas 46

Thomson, E. (1991) Feuerbach, Marx and Stirner: An Investigation into Althusser

Browning, G. (1999) 'Stirner's critique of Hegel: Geist and the egoistic exorcist', in his Hegel and the History of Political Philosophy

De Ridder, W. (2008) 'Max Stirner, Hegel and the Young Hegelians: a reassessment', History of European Ideas 34(3)

 

@ Stirner and Marx

(See also 'German Ideology', 'Critique of morality and humanism in Marx', 'Fetishism and hypsotatisation')

Lobkowicz, N. (1969) 'Karl Marx and Max Stirner' in F.J. Adelmann (ed.) Demythologizing Marxism

Thomas, P. (1975) 'Karl Marx and Marx Stirner', Political Theory 3(2)

Dematteis,, (1976) Individuality and the Social Organism: The Controversy between Max Stirner and Karl Marx

Arvon, H. (1978) 'Concerning Marx's "epistemological break"', Philosophical Forum 8

Thomas, P. (1980) Karl Marx and the Anarchists, ch. 3

Ferguson, K. (1982) 'Saint Max revisited: a reconsideration of Max Stirner', Idealistic Studies 12(3)

Derrida, J. (1994) Spectres of Marx, chs. 4-5

 

@ Hess and Marx

(With thanks to James Furner)

Hess, M. [1843] 'The philosophy of the act', in A. Fried and R. Saunders (eds) Socialist Thought: A Documentary History 1964, also available online

Hess, M. [1843] 'Socialism and communism', review of L. von Stein, Der Sozialismus und Communismus des heutigen Frankreich, 1842, in Hess, The Holy History of Mankind and Other Writings, ed. S. Avineri, 2004

Hess, M. [1843, published 1845] 'On the essence of money', in J. Kovesi, Values and Evaluations: Essays on Ethics and Ideology 1998, also available online

Hess, M. [1844] 'On the socialist movement in Germany', in his Philosophische und sozialistische Schrifte 1837-1850

Hess, M. [1844] 'A communist credo: questions and answers', in Hess, The Holy History of Mankind and Other Writings, ed. S. Avineri, 2004

Hess, M. [1845] 'The recent philosophers' in L. Stepelevich (ed.) The Young Hegelians 1983

Hess, M. (1921) Sozialistische Aufs舩ze 1841-1847, ed. T. Zlocisti

Hess, M. (1961) Philosophische und sozialistische Schrifte 1837-1850, 2nd ed. 1980

Hess, M. (2004) The Holy History of Mankind and Other Writings, ed. S. Avineri

* Lukacs, Georg [1926] 'Moses Hess and the problems of idealist dialectics', in his Political Writings 1919-1929, 1973, also available online

Mielcke, K. (1931) Deutsche Fruhsozialismus. Gesellschaft und Geschichte in den Schriften Wilhelm Weitling und Moses Hess

Goitein, I. (1931) Probleme der Gesellschaft und der Staates bei Moses Hess

Hook, S. (1934) 'Karl Marx and Moses Hess', New International 1(5), also available online

Cornu, A. (1934) Moses Hess et la Gauche Hegelienne

Silberner, E. (1951) Moses Hess, An Annotated Bibliography

Weiss, J. (1960) Moses Hess, Utopian Socialist

Carlebach, J. (1973) 'The problem of Moses Hess's influence on the Young Marx', Leo Baeck Institute Yearbook 18(1)

Frei, B. (1977) 'Hess und Marx', in Im Schatten von Karl Marx. Moses Hess Hundert Jahre nach seinem Tode

Lange, E.M. (1980) Das Prinzip Arbeit, pp. 96-105

Avineri, A. (1981) The Making of Modern Zionism: The Intellectual Origins of the Jewish State, ch. 3 'Moses Hess'

Rosen, Z. (1983) Moses Hess und Karl Marx: Ein Beitrag zur Entstehung der Marxschen Theorie

Avineri, S. (1985) Moses Hess: Prophet of Communism and Zionism

* Kovesi, J. (1998) 'Moses Hess, Marx and money', in his Values and Evaluations: Essays on Ethics and Ideology

Koltun-Fromm, K. (2001) Moses Hess and Modern Jewish Identity

Kouvelakis, S. (2003) Philosophy and Revolution from Kant to Marx, ch. 3

Bensussan, Gerard (2004) Moses Hess: la philosophie, le socialisme (1836-1845)

Wittmann, D. (2008) 'Les sources du concept d'ali駭ation', in E. Renault (ed.) Lire les Manuscrits de 1844

 

@ Proudhon and Marx

(For a fuller bibliography on Proudhon see Dana Ward's Proudhon bibliography)

Marx, K. (1847) The Poverty of Philosophy

Proudhon, P.J. [1840] What is Property?

Proudhon, P.J. [1846] The System of Economic Contradictions or the Philosophy of Poverty

Jackson, J.H. (1957) Marx, Proudhon, and European Socialism

Haubtmann, P. (1980) Le Philosophie Sociale de P.J. Proudhon

 

@ Marx's early development as a whole (1837-46)

(Work not focusing on the Young Hegelians or on specific texts)

(For development of Marx's specifically political views, see 'Early political writings as a whole (1839-46)')

Macmurray, J. (1935) 'The early development of Marx's thought' in J. Lewis, K. Polanyi and D. Kitchin (eds) Christianity and the Social Revolution

Adams, H. (1940) Karl Marx in His Earlier Writings, 2nd ed. 1965

* Cornu, A. (1958) Karl Marx et Friedrich Engels: Leur vie et oeuvre, PUF, Paris, Vol. 2

Althusser, L. [1965] For Marx, chs. 1-2

Garaudy, R. [1965] Karl Marx: The Evolution of his Thought, tr. 1967

Lobkowicz, N. (1967) Theory and Practice: History of a Concept from Aristotle to Marx

Dupr, L. (1966) The Philosophical Foundations of Marxism, ch. 4 'Marx's critique of Hegel's philosophy of the state'

* McLellan, D. (1970) Marx before Marxism

O'Malley, J. (1970) 'Introduction' to K. Marx, Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right, ed. O'Malley

Meszaros, I. (1970) Marx's Theory of Alienation, 4th (ed.) 1975, ch. 2

van Leeuwen, A.T. (1972) Critique of Heaven

Monz, H. et al. (1973), Der unbekannte junge Marx, Neue Studien zur Entwicklung des Marxschen Denkens 1835-1847

van Leeuwen, A.T. (1975) Critique of Earth

+ Colletti, L. (1975) 'Introduction' to Karl Marx: Early Writings, ed. Colletti

van der Hoeven, J. (1976) Karl Marx: The Roots of his Thought

Oizerman, T.I. [1977] The Making of the Marxist Philosophy

* Kolakowski, L. (1978) Main Currents of Marxism, Vol. 1: The Founders, chs. 2-8

Markus, G. (1980) 'Four forms of critical theory: some theses on Marx's intellectual development', Thesis Eleven 1

Sherover-Marcuse, E. (1986) Emancipation and Consciousness : Dogmatic and Dialectical Perspectives in the Early Marx

Cingoli, M. (2001) Il primo Marx, 1835-1841

 

@ Early political writings as a whole (1842-46)

(For work on particular texts and topics see below)

Gurvitch, G. (1948) 'La sociologie du jeune Marx', Cahiers Internationales de Sociologie 4, reprinted in his La Vocation actuelle de la sociologie 1950

Voegelin, E. (1950) 'The formation of the Marxian revolutionary idea', Review of Politics 12(3)

McCoy, C.N.R. (1954) 'The logical and the real in political theory: Plato, Aristotle and Marx', American Political Science Review 48

Cornu, A. (1958) Karl Marx et Friedrich Engels: Leur vie et leur oeuvre, Vol. 2 Du lib駻alisme d駑ocratique au communisme

* Avineri, S. (1968) The Social and Political Thought of Karl Marx

McLellan, D. (1970) Marx before Marxism, chs. 3-6

Lwy, M. (1970) La theorie de la revolution chez le jeune Marx

+ O'Malley, J. (1970) 'Introduction' to Karl Marx, Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right, ed. O'Malley, section 3

Hunt, R.N. (1974) The Political Ideas of Marx and Engels, Vol. 1: Marxism and Totalitarian Democracy,1818-1850

Teeple, G. (1984) Marx's Critique of Politics 1842-1847

Sherover-Marcuse, E. (1986) Emancipation and Consciousness: Dogmatic and Dialectical Perspectives in the Early Marx

Berki, R.N. (1990) 'Through and through Hegel: Marx's road to communism', Political Studies 38

Kouvelakis, S. (2003) Philosophy and Revolution: From Kant to Marx, ch. 5

Leopold, D. (2007) The Young Karl Marx: German Philosophy, Modern Politics, and Human Flourishing

 

@ State in the early political writings (1837-46)

Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right

On the Jewish Question, part 1

The German Ideology [1845] ch. 1 'Feuerbach' in Collected Works Vol. 5: pp. 27-37, 41-49, 89-92, 76-81, 329-330 or (ed.) C.J Arthur, 1974: pp. 39-48, 48-57, 79-81, 82-86, 106-107

McGovern, A.F. (1970) 'The young Marx on the state', Science & Society 34(4), reprinted in J. Cunningham Wood (ed.) Karl Marx's Economics: Critical Assessments, Volume 1, 1988

Sayer, D. (1985) 'The critique of politics and political economy: capitalism, communism and the state in Marx's writings of the mid-1840s', Sociological Review 33(2)

 

@ Law in the early political writings (1837-46)

(See also 'Law in Marx: general')

(For Marx's critique of human rights see 'Rights and Marx')

(For relations to his law teachers see 'Savigny and Marx', 'Gans')

van Leeuwen, A.T. (1972) Critique of Heaven, ch. 3

Schefold, C. (1972) Die Rechtsphilosophie des jungen Marx von 1842

Hirst, P.Q. (1972) 'Marx and Engels on law, crime and morality', Economy and Society 1(1)

Guastini, R. (1974) Marx dall filosofia del diritto alla scienza della societ: il lessico giuridico marxismo, 1842-1851

Paul, W. (1974) Marxistische Rechtstheorie als Kritik des Rechts

Szabo, I. (1981) Karl Marx und das Recht (see chapters on early Marx)

Chen, X. (1983) 'An inquiry into Marx's early views on philosophy of law and his early legal thinking', Social Sciences in China 4(2)

Kain, P.J. (1988) Marx and Ethics, ch. 1 sec. 1

Taiwo, O. (1996) Legal Naturalism: A Marxist Theory of Law, ch. 1

 

@ Letter to his father (1837)

Kelley, D.R. (1978) 'The metaphysics of law: an essay on the very young Marx', American Historical Review 83

Mah, H.E. (1986) 'Karl Marx in love: The enlightenment, romanticism and Hegelian theory in the young Marx', History of European Ideas 7(5)

 

@ Doctoral Dissertation (and preparatory notebooks) (1839-41): general

(General commentaries and commentaries that focus on the materialism/idealism issue)

Bailey, C. (1928) 'Karl Marx on Greek atomism', The Classical Quarterly 22, pp. 205-6

Mins, H.F. (1948) 'Marx's doctoral dissertation', Science & Society 12(1)

Mehring, F. (1955) 'La th鑚e de Karl Marx sur Democrite et Epicure' La Nouvelle Critique 61

Cornu, A. (1955) Karl Marx et Friedrich Engels: Leur vie et oeuvre, Vol. 1, ch. 3

Sannwald, R. (1957) Marx und die Antike

Hillmann, G. (1966) Marx und Hegel

Livergood, N. (1967) Activity in Marx's Philosophy, The Hague

Gabaude, J.-M. (1970) Le Jeune Marx et le mat駻ialisme antique

van Leeuwen, A.T. (1972) Critique of Heaven, chs. 4-9

Sass, H.-M. (1978) 'The concept of revolution in Marx's dissertation (the non-Hegelian origin of Karl Marx's early concept of dialectics)', Philosophical Forum 8

Baranovitch, L. (1978) 'Two appendices to a doctoral dissertation: some light on the origin of Karl Marx's dissociation from Bruno Bauer and the Young Hegelians', Philosophical Forum 8

Lange, E. et al. (1983) Die Promotion von Karl Marx. Jena 1841. Eine Quellenedition

Baranovitch, L. (1984) 'German idealism, Greek materialism and the young Marx', International Philosophical Quarterly, Sep. 1984

Fenves, P. (1986) 'Marx's thesis on two Greek atomists and the post-Kantian interpretations', Journal of the History of Ideas, 47(3), Jul-Sep 1986

Thomas, P. (1988) 'Nature and artifice in Marx', History of Political Thought 9(3)

Murray, P. (1988) Marx's Theory of Scientific Knowledge, ch. 1

Balaban, O. (1989) 'The hermeneutics of the young Marx: according to Marx's approach to the Philosophy of Democritus and Epicurus', Diogenes 37

McCarthy, G.E. (1990) Marx and the Ancients

Schafer, P.M. (2003) 'The young Marx on Epicurus: dialectical atomism and human freedom', in D.R. Gordon (ed) Epicurus: His Continuing Influence and Contemporary Relevance

 

@ Doctoral dissertation (and preparatory notebooks): political interpretations

(These interpretations usually focus on notebook 6 of the preparatory Notebooks on Epicurean Philosophy (on Aristotelianism and Platonism), on the parallel note on Hegelianism in the Doctoral Dissertation, and on the appendix to the Doctoral Dissertation (on Plutarch))

Sass, H.M. (1978) 'The concept of revolution in Marx's dissertation', Philosophical Forum 8, c. pp. 141-142

Baranovitch, L. (1978) 'Two appendices to a doctoral dissertation: some new light on the origin of Karl Marx's dissociation from Bruno Bauer and the Young Hegelians', Philosophical Forum 8, pp. 219-240

Teeple, G. (1984) Marx's Critique of Politics 1842-1847, ch. 1

Jeannot, T.M. (1994) 'After "The Darkness at Noon": a biographical study of Marxism as critical theory' International Journal of Social Economics, 21(2), pp. 81-102

Breckman, W. (1999) Marx, The Young Hegelians and the Origins of Radical Social Theory, ch. 7, section on the Doctoral Dissertation

McIvor, M. (2008) 'The Young Marx and German Idealism: revisiting the Doctoral Dissertation', Journal of the History of Philosophy 46(3)

 

@ Rheinische Zeitung articles (1842-43)

(And other contemporary political writings)

(For the idea of law in these articles, see 'Right and law in the early political writings (1837-46)')

'Comments on the latest Prussian censorship' [Jan-Feb 1842], CW1 pp. 109-131

'Debates on freedom of the press' [Apr 1842], CW1 pp. 132-181

'Philosophical manifesto of the Historical Law School' [Apr-Aug 1842], CW1 pp. 203-210

'The leading article in no. 179 of the Klinische Zeitung' [Jul 1842], CW1 pp. 184-202

'The divorce bill' [Dec 1842], CW1 pp. 307-310

Letter to Ruge of 13 March 1843, CW1 pp. 398-400

Pascal, R. (1942?) Karl Marx: His Apprenticeship to Politics

Cornu, A. (1958) Karl Marx et Friedrich Engels: Leur vie et oeuvre, PUF, Paris, Vol. 2, ch. 1

Kamenka, E. (1962) The Ethical Foundations of Marxism, 2nd ed. 1972, part 1 'The primitive ethic of Karl Marx', also available online

Vigouroux, C. (1965) 'Karl Marx et la l馮islation foresti鑽e rhenane de 1842', Revue d'histoire 馗onomique et sociale 43

McGovern, A.F. (1969) 'Marx's first political writings: the Rheinsiche Zeitung, 1842-43', in F.J. Adelman (ed.) Demythologizing Marxism

Draper, H. (1971) Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution, Vol. 1: State and Bureaucracy, chs. 1-2

Howard, D. (1972) The Development of the Marxian Dialectic, ch. 2

van Leeuwen, A.T. (1975) Critique of Earth, chs. 2-3

Lubasz, H. (1976) 'Marx's initial problematic: the problem of poverty', Political Studies 24(1)

Hardt, H. (2000) 'Communication is freedom: Karl Marx on press freedom and censorship', Javnost - The Public 7(4)

Kouvelakis, S. (2003) Philosophy and Revolution from Kant to Marx, pp. 237-275 'Fighting for freedom with pinpricks'

Chitty, Andrew (2006) 'The basis of the state in the Marx of 1842', in D. Moggach (ed.) The New Hegelians: Politics and Philosophy in the Hegelian School

 

@ Critique of Hegel's Doctrine of the State ('Kreuznach manuscript') (1843)

(Including comparisons between Hegel and the early Marx on civil society)

(For particular topics see 'Modern state', 'Separation of state and civil society' and 'Democracy in the early Marx')

Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right [1843]

Contribution to a Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right: Introduction [1843-44]

Adams, H. (1940) Karl Marx in His Earlier Writings, 2nd ed. 1965, ch. 4

Hyppolite, J. [1947] 'The Hegelian conception of the state and its critique by Marx', in his Studies on Hegel and Marx

Lapine, N. [1959] 'La premi鑽e critique approfondie la philosophie de Hegel par Marx', Recherches internationales la lumi鑽e du Marxisme', Cahier no. 19 (Originally published in Russian; Teeple 280: argues that CHPR mnarked Marx's passage from idealism to materialism)

Dupr, L. (1966) The Philosophical Foundations of Marxism, ch. 4 'Marx's critique of Hegel's philosophy of the state'

Avineri, S. (1966) 'Marx's critique of Hegel's 'Philosophy of Right' in its systematic setting', Cahiers de l'Institut de Science Economique Appliqu, S駻ie Philosophie - Sciences Sociales - Economie, August 1966, pp. 45-81

Avineri, S. (1967) 'The Hegelian origins of Marx's political thought', Review of Metaphysics 21(1)

Lefebvre, H. (1968) The Sociology of Marx, London, pp. 123 ff

Avineri, S. (1968) Karl Marx's Social and Political Thought, ch. 1 ' Hegel's political philosophy reconsidered'

Lobkowicz, N. (1967) Theory and Practice: History of a Concept from Aristotle to Marx, ch. 18 'Civil society'

* O'Malley, J. (1970) 'Introduction' to Karl Marx, Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right, ed. O'Malley

O'Malley, J. (1970) 'Methodology in Karl Marx', Review of Politics 32(2)

Berki, R.N. (1971) 'Perspectives in the Marxian critique of Hegel's political philosophy', in Z.A. Pelczynski (ed.) Hegel's Political Philosophy

Colletti, L. (1975) 'Introduction' to Marx, Early Writings, ed. L. Colletti

Mikkelsen, J.M. (1981) 'Marx's critique of Hegel's Rechtphilosophie', Auslegung 8(3)

Benhabib, S. (1981) 'The "logic" of civil society: a reconsideration of Hegel and Marx', Philosophy and Social Criticism 8 (2)

Liebich, A. (1982) 'On the origins of a Marxist theory of bureaucracy in the Critique of Hegel's 'Philosophy of Right'', Political Theory 10(1)

Wolff, M. [1984] 'Hegel's organicist theory of the state', in R. Pippin and O. Hffe (eds.) Hegel on Ethics and Politics 2004

Campbell, D. (1985) 'Rationality, democracy, and freedom in Marxist critiques of Hegel's Philosophy of Right', Inquiry 28(1)

* Duquette, D. (1989) 'Marx's idealist critique of Hegel's theory of society and politics', Review of Politics 51(2)

Berki, R.N. (1990) 'Through and through Hegel: Marx's road to communism', Political Studies 38

Jackson, M.W. (1990) 'Marx's "Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right"', History of European Ideas

Planinc, Z. (1991) 'Family and civil society in Hegel's Philosophy of Right', History of Political Thought, 12(2)

Depew, D.J. (1992) 'The polis transfigured: Aristotle's Politics and Marx's Critique of Hegel's "Philosophy of Right"', in G.E. McCarthy (ed.) Marx and Aristotle: Nineteenth Century German Social Theory and Classical Antiquity

Kouvelakis, S. (2003) Philosophy and Revolution from Kant to Marx, pp. 275-336 'The roads of exile'

Cristi, R. (2006) 'Marx's critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right: a critique', in D. Moggach (ed.) The New Hegelians: Politics and Philosophy in the Hegelian School

Leopold, D. (2007) The Young Karl Marx: German Philosophy, Modern Politics, and Human Flourishing, ch. 2

 

@ On the Jewish Question (1843)

(Only discussions of On the Jewish Question as a whole here)

(For particular topics see 'Modern state', 'Judaism and Marx', 'Separation of state and civil society', 'French Revolution in Marx', 'Rights and Marx', 'Individual, identity, subject and subjectification in Marx', 'Stateless democracy, withering away of the state')

Bauer, B. [1843] 'the Jewish problem', in L.S. Stepelevich (ed.) The Young Hegelians: An Anthology, 1983

Bauer, B. [1843] 'The capacity of the present-day jews and Christians to become free', Philosophical Forum 8, 1978

Marx, On the Jewish Question [1843]

Peled, Y. (1992) 'From theology to sociology: Bruno Bauer and Karl Marx on the question of Jewish emancipation', History of Political Thought 13(3), also available online

Kouvelakis, S. (2005) 'The Marxian critique of citizenship: for a rereading of On the Jewish Question', South Atlantic Quarterly 104(4)

Leopold, D. (2007) The Young Karl Marx: German Philosophy, Modern Politics, and Human Flourishing, ch. 3

 

@ Separation of state and civil society

(See also 'Modern state')

(For overcoming of this see 'Stateless democracy, withering away of the state')

(For this in relation to individual's identity as private/public person, see 'Individual, identity, subject and subjectification in Marx')

On the Jewish Question [1843], part 1

'Critical marginal notes on 'The King of Prussia and social reform'' [Aug 1844], CW3 pp. 189-210

Lwith, K. (1967) From Hegel to Nietzsche pt. 2 ch. 1 'The problem of bourgeois society'

Thomas, P. (1980) Karl Marx and the Anarchists, RKP, pp. 56-64

Wood, E.M. (1981) 'The separation of the economic and the political in capitalism', New Left Review 127, revised as ch. 1 of her Democracy Against Capitalism

 

@ French Revolution in Marx

On the Jewish Question

Furet, F. [1986] Marx and the French Revolution, tr. 1988

Kouvelakis, S. (2003) Philosophy and Revolution: From Kant to Marx, pp. 337-352 'Conclusion: self-criticism of the revolution'

 

@ Democracy in the early Marx

(See also 'Post-revolutionary democracy', 'Stateless democracy')

Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right [1843], two passages on democracy (Colletti (ed.) Early Writings pp. 87-90, 185-91; Marx and Engels Collected Works Vol. 5 pp. 29-32, 115-21; Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right ed. J. O'Malley pp. 29-33, 115-121)

'Letters to Ruge from the Franco-German Yearbook' [Mar-Sep 1843], CW3 pp. 133-146, see first letter

'Critical marginal notes on 'The King of Prussia and social reform'' [Aug 1844], CW3 pp. 189-210

Hunt, R.N. (1974) The Political Ideas of Marx and Engels, Vol. 1: Marxism and Totalitarian Democracy,1818-1850

Fischer, N. (1981) 'Marx's early concept of democracy and the ethical bases of socialism', in J.P. Burke et als. (eds) Marxism and the Good Society

Luc, L.-P. (1982) 'Le concept de democratie dans la critique du droit politique Hegelien', Philosophiques 9

Campbell, D. (1985) 'Rationality, democracy, and freedom in Marxist critiques of Hegel's Philosophy of Right', Inquiry 28

Kouvelakis, S. (2003) Philosophy and Revolution: From Kant to Marx, pp. 275-336 'Fighting for freedom with pinpricks'

Pogrebinschi, T. (2007) 'Democracy against law: A Marxian standpoint', paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, availableon line

 

@ Politics and the political in Marx

Arendt, Hannah (1958) The Human Condition, section on 'Action'

Arendt, A. (1963) On Revolution, chapter on 'The Lost Revolutionary Tradition'

Megill, A. (2001) Karl Marx: The Burden of Reason. Why Marx Rejected Politics and the Market

 

@ Judaism and Marx

On the Jewish Question [1843], esp. part 2

The Holy Family [1844], 'The Jewish Question no. 3', in CW4 106-124

Avineri, S. (1964) 'Marx and Jewish emancipation', Journal of the History of Ideas 25(3)

Wistrich, R.S. (1976) Revolutionary Jews: From Marx to Trotsky

Carlebach, J. (1978) Karl Marx and the Radical Critique of Judaism

Hirsch, H. (1980) Marx und Moses: Karl Marx zur 'Judenfrage' und zu Juden

Wolfson, M. (1982) Marx: Economist, Philosopher, Jew Trotsky

Blanchard, W.H. (1984) 'Karl Marx and the Jewish question', Political Psychology 5(3)

Maidan, M. (1987) 'Marx on the Jewish question: a meta-critical analysis', Studies in Soviet Thought (now Studies in East European Thought) 33(1)

Fischman, D. (1989) 'The Jewish question', Polity 21(4)

Fischman, D. (1991) Political Discourse in Exile: Karl Marx and the Jewish Question

Rose, P.L. (1992) German Question / Jewish Question: Revolutionary Anti-Semitism from Kant to Wagner

Peled, Y. (1992) 'From theology to sociology: Bruno Bauer and Karl Marx on the question of Jewish emancipation', History of Political Thought 13(3)

Leopold, D. (2007) The Young Karl Marx: German Philosophy, Modern Politics, and Human Flourishing, ch. 2, see pp. 163-180

 

@ Religion: Marx's critique

(For Judaism see 'Judaism and Marx')

(See also 'Money, capital and God', '~Religious and mythological themes in Marx's thought')

MacIntyre, A. (1955) Marxism: An Interpetation, revised as Marxism and Christianity, 1968, 2nd ed. 1995

Wackenheim, C. (1963) La faillite de la religion d'apr鑚 Karl Marx

Lobkowicz, N. (1964) 'Marx's attitude towards religion', Review of Politics 26(3), reprinted in Lobkowicz (ed.) Marx and the Western World 1967

Aptheker, H. (1968) Marxism and Christianity

Post, W. (1969) Kritik der Religion bei Karl Marx

Gollwitzer, H. (1970) The Christian Faith and the Marxist Criticism of Religion

van Leeuwen, A.T. (1972) Critique of Heaven

Schuller, P.M. (1974) 'Karl Marx's atheism', Science & Society 39

Clarkson, K.L. and Hawkin, D.J. (1978) 'Karl Marx on religion: the influence of Bruno Bauer and Ludwig Feuerbach on his thought and its implications for the Christian-Marxist dialogue', Scottish Journal of Theology 31

Ling, T. (1980) Karl Marx and Religion: In Europe and India

Woznicki, A.N. (1981) 'Marx on religious alienation', Dialectics and Humanism 8

Oniang'o, C. (1982) 'A theory of religion, ideology and utopia in Marx', Philosophy and Social Action 8

Dupre, L. (1984) 'Religion as alienation, ideology, and utopia in Marx', Logos 5

Cloeren, H.J. (1987) 'Marx on religion: a new perspective', International Studies in Philosophy 19

McLellan, D. (1987) Marxism and Religion: A Description and Assessment of the Marxist Critique of Christianity

Raines, J. (ed.) (2002) Marx on Religion (an anthology)

 

@ Marxist sociology of religion

McKown, D.B. (1975) The Classical Marxist Critiques of Religion: Marx, Engels, Lenin, Kautsky

Goldstein, W.S. (2005) 'Religion and Marxism', special issue of Critical Sociology 31(1-2)

Goldstein, W.S. (ed.) (2009) Marx, Critical Theory, and Religion: A Critique of Rational Choice

 

@ Religious, mythological and spiritual themes in Marx's thought

(See also 'Alienation/estrangement: sources for Marx's concept in religious thinkers')

(See also 'Money, capital and God', '~Religion: Marx's critique')

(For the themes of idolatry and fetishism, see 'Fetishism and idolatry')

(For Judaic themes see 'Judaism and Marx')

Weil, S. [1933-38] 'On the contradictions of Marxism', in her Oppression and Liberty

Lewis, J., Polanyi, K. and Kitchin, D.K. (eds) (1935) Christianity and the Social Revolution

Lwith, K. [1941] From Hegel to Nietzsche

Weil, S. [1943] 'Is there a Marxist doctrine?', in her Oppression and Liberty

Lwith, K. (1949) Meaning in History: The Theological Implications of the Philosophy of History

Jacobson, N.P. (1949) 'Marxism and religious naturalism', Journal of Religion 29(2)

Tillich, P. (1952) Protestantische Vision

Tucker, R. (1961) Philosophy and Myth in Karl Marx, 2nd ed. 1972

Parsons, H.L. (1964) 'The prophetic mission of Karl Marx', Journal of Religion 44(1)

O'Neill, J. (1966) 'Marxism and mythology', Ethics 77(1)

Aptheker, H. (1968) Marxism and Christianity

van Leeuwen, A.T. (1972) Critique of Heaven

Gilman, S. and Saeger, R. (1973) 'Marx and the religious: the Gnostic perspective', Philosophy Today 17

van Leeuwen, A.T. (1975) Critique of Earth

Sorel, G. (1976) Essays in Socialism and Philosophy

Wessell, L.P. jr. (1979) Karl Marx, Romantic Irony and the Proletariat

Lash, N. (1981) A Matter of Hope: A Theologian's Reflections of the Thought of Karl Marx

Wolfson, M. (1982) Marx: Economist, Philosopher, Jew: Steps in the Development of a Doctrine

Allen, R.T. (1993) 'Flew, Marx and Gnosticism', Philosophy 68(263)

Jeannot, T.M. (1990) Marx's use of religious metaphors', International Philosophical Quarterly 30(2)

Kovel, J. (1994) 'Marxism and spirituality' in A. Calari (ed.) Marxism in the Postmodern Age

Barner-Barry, C. and Hody, C. (1994) 'Soviet Marxism-Leninism as mythology', Political Psychology 15(4)

Brentlinger, J. (2000) 'Revolutionizing spirituality: reflections on Marxism and religion', Science & Society 64(2)

Goldstein, W.S. (2001) 'Messianism and Marxism: Walter Benjamin and Ernst Bloch's dialectical theories of secularization', Critical Sociology 27(2)

Collier, A. (2001) Christianity and Marxism: A Philosophical Contribution to their Reconciliation

Geoghegan, Vincent (2002) 'Let the dead bury their dead": Marx, Derrida and Bloch', Contemporary Political Theory 1(1)

Geoghegan, Vincent (2004) 'Religion and communism: Feuerbach, Marx and Bloch', The European Legacy 9(5)

 

@ 3. SPECIES-BEING AND ALIENATION (1844)

 

@ Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts and Notes on James Mill: general

Marx (1844) Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts

Marx (1844) Notes on James Mill

Marx (1844-47) 'Exzerpte und Notizen: Sommer 1844 bis Anfang 1847', in MEGA 4(3), 1998

Marcuse, Herbert [1932] 'The foundation of historical materialism', in his Studies in Critical Philosophy, 1972

Lukacs, Georg (1954) 'Zur philosophischen Entwicklung des jungen Marx', Deutsche Zeitschrift fr Philosophie 2(2), pp. 288ff

Maguire, J. (1972) Marx's Paris Writings: An Analysis

Meszaros, I. (1970) Marx's Theory of Alienation, 4th ed. 1975

Arthur, Christopher J. (1986) Dialectics of Labour: Marx and his Relation to Hegel, available online

 

@ Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts and Notes on James Mill: text-critical accounts and reception histories

Evans, M. (1984) 'Karl Marx's first confrontation with political-economy - the 1844 manuscripts', Economy and Society 13(2), reprinted in A. Rattansi (ed.) Ideology, Method and Marx 1989

Rojahn, J. (1985) 'Die Marxschen Manuskripte aus dem Jahre 1844 in ner neuen Marx-Engels-Gesamtausgabe', Archive fr Sozlalgeschichte 25

Maidan, M. (1990) 'The Rezeptionsgeschichte of the Paris manuscripts', History of European Ideas 12

Chattopadhyay, p. (2004) Review of 'Karl Marx - Exzerpte und Notizen: Sommer 1844 bis Anfang 1847', Historical Materialism 12(4)

 

@ Economic theory in the 1844 writings

Mandel, E. (1971) The Formation of the Economic Thought of Karl Marx

Oakley, A. (1984) Marx's Critique of Political Economy: Intellectual Sources and Evolution. Volume 1: 1844 to 1860

 

@ Human nature in Marx: general

(See also more specific topics below)

(See also 'Feuerbach and Marx', 'Individuality and community, particularity and universality in Marx', 'Aristotle and Marx', 'Kantian ethics and Marx', 'Labour in Marx', 'Labour theory of value and species-being')

(For Marx's later views see 'Critique of morality and humanism in later Marx')

Hegel [1821] Philosophy of Right, section on the 'system of needs'

Marx [1843] 'On the Jewish Question'

Marx [1844] Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts

Marx [1844] 'Notes on James Mill'

Marx [1867] Capital Vol. 1 [1867], ch. 7

Marx [1875] Critique of the Gotha Programme, secs. 1-2

Engels, F. [1876] 'The part played by labour in the transition from ape to man', in Dialectics of Nature

Venable, V. (1945) Human Nature: The Marxian View

Strauss, Leo (1960) 'Seminar on Karl (not Groucho) Marx', available online

Petrovic, G. (1967) 'Marx's concept of man' in his Marx in the Mid-Twentieth Cenury, reprinted in T. Bottomore (ed.) Modern Interpretations of Marx 1981

Fetscher, I. (1970) Hegel's Lehre vom Menschen

Ollman, B. (1971) Alienation: Marx's Conception of Man in Capitalist Society, chs. 7-17

Fetscher, I. [1973] 'Karl Marx on human nature' in J. Cunningham Wood ed., Karl Marx's Economics: Critical Assessments, Vol. 1

Plamenatz, J. (1975) Karl Marx's Philosophy of Man, chs. 2-3

McMurty, J. (1978) The Structure of Marx's World View

Seve, L. (1978) Man in Marxist Theory

Markus, G. (1978) Marxism and Anthropology: The Concept of Human Essence in the Philosophy of Marx

Zoolalian, D.E. (1980) 'Marx, man, and methodology: some remarks on Marx's theory of human nature', Social Praxis 7

Geras, N. (1983) Marx and Human Nature: Refutation of a Legend

Bien, J. (1984) History, Revolution and Human Nature: Marx's Philosophical Anthropology

+ Markovic, M. (1991) 'Human nature' in T. Bottomore (ed.) A Dictionary of Marxist Thought

Sayers, S. (1998) Marxism and Human Nature

 

@ Species-being: general

(For recognition-centred accounts of species being see 'Recognition in Marx')

Marx [1843] 'On the Jewish question'

Marx [1844] Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts

Marx [1844] 'Notes on James Mill'

Lobkowicz, N. (1967) Theory and Practice: History of a Concept from Aristotle to Marx, ch. 23

* Colletti, L. [1969] Marxism and Hegel, tr. 1973, chs. 11-12

Meszaros, I. (1970) Marx's Theory of Alienation, 4th (ed.) 1975

Ilyenkov, E.V. [19?] 'The universal', in F.J. Adelmann (ed.) Philosophical Investigations in the USSR, 1975 (an alternative version of this article exists as ch. 11 of Dialectical Logic), available online

Mahowald, M.B. (1973) 'Marx's Gemeinschaft: another interpretation', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33

Parekh, Bhikhu (1975) 'Marx's theory of man' in B. Parekh (ed.) The Concept of Socialism

* Wood, A. (1981) Karl Marx, 2nd ed. 2004, ch. 2 'The human essence', ch. 3 'Human production'

Wartenberg, T. (1982) '"Species-being" and "human nature" in Marx', Human Studies 5

* Margolis, J. (1992) 'Praxis and meaning: Marx's species-being and Aristotle's political animal', in G.E. McCarthy (ed.) Marx and Aristotle: Nineteenth-Century German Thought and Classical Antiquity

Chitty, Andrew (1993) 'The early Marx on needs', Radical Philosophy 64, also available online

Chitty, Andrew (1997) 'First person plural ontology and praxis', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 97(1)

* Leopold, D. (2007) The Young Karl Marx: German Philosophy, Modern Politics, and Human Flourishing, ch. 4 'Human emancipation'

 

@ Species-being as a normative ground, perfectionism in Marx, normativity in the young Marx

(Including humanism in Marx)

(Including accounts of species-being as in the process of becoming)

(See also '~Critique of morality and humanism in the later Marx', 'Species-being and alienation/estrangement in Marx's later writings', 'Individuality and community, particularity and universality in Marx'. Accounts of individual self-realisation in Marx are in this last)

(See also 'History as human self-realisation')

(See also 'Aristotle and Marx')

(For Marx's later views see 'Critique of morality and humanism in later Marx')

Schaff, A. (1963) A Philosophy of Man

Fromm, E. (ed.) (1965) Socialist Humanism: An International Symposium, especially articles by Schaff and Fritzhand

Dupr, L. (1966) The Philosophical Foundations of Marxism

* Avineri, S. (1968) The Social and Political Thought of Karl Marx

Parsons, H.L. (1971) Humanism and Marx's Thought

Tran, V.-T. (1971) 'Note sur le concept de "Gattungswesen" dans la pens馥 de Karl Marx', Revue Philosophique de Louvain 69

Wood, A.W. (1972) 'Marx's critical anthropology', Review of Metaphysics 26(1)

Nasser, A.G. (1975) 'Marx's ethical anthropology', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 35(4)

Von Magnis, F. (1975) Normative Voraussetzungen im Denken des jungen Marx (1843-1848)

Clarke, S. (1979) 'Socialist humanism and the critique of economism', History Workshop 8

* Wood, A. (1981) Karl Marx, 2nd ed. 2004, ch. 2 'The human essence'

Archard, D. (1988) 'The Marxist ethic of self-realization: individuality and community', in J.D.G. Evans (ed.) Moral Philosophy and Contemporary Problems, supplement to Philosophy vol. 22

Goldstick, D. (1991) 'The 'humanism' and the humanism of Karl Marx', in The Question of Humanism: Challenges and Possibilities

Wilde, L. (1994) 'Marx's concept of human essence and its radical critics', Studies in Marxism 1

Wilde, L. (1998) Ethical Marxism and its Radical Critics

Leopold, D. (2007) The Young Karl Marx: German Philosophy, Modern Politics, and Human Flourishing

Evans, M. (2007) Self-realization: Politics and the Good Life in Modern Times, chs. 4-5

 

@ Species-being as self-creation, Marx and the posthuman and transhuman

(Including poststructuralist versions of species-being)

(See also 'Postmodernism and Marx', 'Modernism and Marx', 'Freedom as an ideal')

(The posthuman is the idea of a condition in which we are no longer human beings as we have understood the idea till now, the transhuman is the idea of the transition to this condition)

Petrovic, G. (1967) 'Marx's concept of man' in his Marx in the Mid-Twentieth Cenury, reprinted in T. Bottomore (ed.) Modern Interpretations of Marx 1981

Kosik, K. [1967] Dialectics of the Concrete, sec. 4

* Margolis, J. (1992) 'Praxis and meaning: Marx's species-being and Aristotle's political animal', in G.E. McCarthy (ed.) Marx and Aristotle: Nineteenth-Century German Thought and Classical Antiquity

Mulhall, S. (1993) 'Species-being, teleology and individuality. Part 1. Marx on species-being', Angelaki 3(1)

Smith, C. (2000) Karl Marx and the Future of the Human, ch. 9 available online

Smith, C. (2002) 'Karl Marx and human self-creation', available online

Rikowski, G. (2003) 'Marx and the future of the human', Historical Materialism 11(2)

Dyer-Witheford, N. (2004) 'Species-being resurgent', Constellations 11(4)

* Dyer-Witheford, N. (2004) '1844/2004/2044: the return of species-being', Historical Materialism 12(4)

 

@ Species-being and consciousness

Markus, G. (1975) 'The Marxian concept of consciousness', Philosophy and Social Criticism 13(1)

 

O'Manique, J. (1994) "A Marxian view of the fundamentals of political development", Political Psychology 15(2)

 

@ Species-being: sources for the idea in thinkers other than Feuerbach

(For Feuerbach see 'Feuerbach's anthropology, species-being and anti-individualism in Feuerbach')

Fichte, J.G. [1796] Foundations of Natural Right [Grundlage des Naturrechts nach Prinzipien der Wissenschaftslehre] part 1, ァァ1-4

Hess, M. [1845] 'On the socialist movement in Germany', in his Philosophische und sozialistische Schrifte 1837-1850

Hegel, G.W.F. [1807] Phenomenology of Spirit, ァァ172-4, introduction to ch. 5B (on ethical substance)

* Colletti, L. [1969] Marxism and Hegel, tr. 1973, ch. 11 'The concept of the 'social relations of production'

* Margolis, J. (1992) 'Praxis and meaning: Marx's species-being and Aristotle's political animal', in G.E. McCarthy (ed.) Marx and Aristotle: Nineteenth-Century German Thought and Classical Antiquity

McCarthy, G.E. (ed.) (1992) Marx and Aristotle: Nineteenth-Century German Thought and Classical Antiquity, articles by Miller, Gilbert

 

@ Species-being: critiques

Ereshefsky, M. (2002-10) 'Species', Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, online

 

@ Labour in Marx

(Thanks to Sean Sayers for suggestions for this and the following sections)

(Including the rational or emancipatory or expressivist content of labour in Marx, and critiques of Marx as productivist)

(Also labour in contemporary Marxist critical social theory)

(See also 'Praxis group', 'Habermas's critique of Marx')

(For the form of labour specific to capitalism, see 'Abstract labour and concrete labour' , 'Commodity and value-form')

(For the abolition of labour, see 'Unalienated labour and the 'abolition of labour'')

Engels, F. [1876] 'The part played by labour in the transition from ape to man', in Dialectics of Nature

Cohen, Gerry A. (1974) 'Marx's dialectic of labour', Philosophy and Public Affairs 3, slightly revised as ch. 10 of Cohen's History, Labour and Freedom

Taylor, C. (1975) Hegel, ch. 3, ch. 20 sec. 2

Heller, A. [1978] Everyday Life (das Alltagsleben)

Berki, R.N. (1979) 'On the nature and origins of Marx's concept of labour', Political Theory 7(1)

Markus, G. [1980] 'Die Welt menschliche Objekte', in Arbeit, Handlung, Normativitit舩

Lange, E.M. (1980) Das Prinzip Arbeit

Wood, A. (1981) Karl Marx, 2nd ed. 2004, ch. 3 'Human production'

Ware, R. (1982) 'Marx, the division of labor and human nature', Social Theory and Practice 8

Arthur, Christopher J. (1986) Dialectics of Labour: Marx and his Relation to Hegel, available online

Wildt, A. (1987) Die Anthropologie des frhen Marx

Sayers, S. (1998) Marxism and Human Nature

Moggach, D. (1994) 'Marx and German Idealism: labour and the transcendental synthesis', History of European Ideas 19(1-3)

Sayers, S. (2003) 'Creative activity and alienation in Hegel and Marx', Historical Materialism 11(1)

Paolucci, P. (2005) 'Assumptions of the dialectical method: the centrality of labor for the human species, its history, and individuals', Critical Sociology 31(4)

Sayers, S. (2005) 'Why work? Marx and human nature', Science & Society 69(4), also available online

Dejours, C. (2006) 'Subjectivity, work, action', Critical Horizons 7(1)

Sayers, S. (2007) 'The concept of labor: Marx and his critics', Science & Society 71(4)

Dejours, C. and Deranty, J.-P. (2010) 'The centrality of work", Critical Horizons 11(2)

Renault, E. (2011) "Comment Marx se r馭鑽e-t-il au travail et la domination?", Actuel Marx 49

Deranty, J.-P. (2008) 'Work and the precarisation of existence', European Journal of Social Theory 11(4)

 

@ Unalienated labour and the 'abolition of labour' in Marx

(Including also debates about whether labour is transhistorical)

(Also discussions of the 'realm of freedom' passage in Capital volume 3)

(See also 'Fourier and Marx')

(See also 'Labour in Marcuse and the Frankfurt School')

Grundrisse (Penguin), 'Fragment on machines', pp. 690-710

Suchting, W.A. (1962) 'Marx and Hannah Arendt's "The Human Condition"', Ethics 73

Marcuse, Herbert (1969) 'The realm of freedom and the realm of necessity, a reconsideration', Praxis 5

Andrew, E. (1970) Work and freedom in Marcuse and Marx', Canadian Journal of Political Science 3(2)

Marcuse, Herbert (1973) 'On the philosophical foundation of the concept of labour in economics', Telos 16

Schoolman, M. (1973) 'Further reflections on work, alienation, and freedom in Marcuse and Marx', Canadian Journal of Political Science 6

Cohen, Gerry A. (1974) 'Marx's dialectic of labour', Philosophy and Public Affairs 3, slightly revised as ch. 10 of Cohen's History, Labour and Freedom

Cohen, Gerry A. (1978) Karl Marx's Theory of History: A Defence, pp. 323-5

Berki, R.N. (1979) 'On the nature and origins of Marx's concept of labour', Political Theory 7(1)

Bottomore, T. (1984) 'Socialism and the division of labour', in his Sociology and Socialism

Klagge, J.C. (1986) 'Marx's realms of 'freedom' and 'necessity'' Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16

Gray, J. (1986) 'Marxian freedom, individual liberty, and the end of alienation', Social Philosophy and Policy

* Maidan, M. (1989) 'Alienated labour and free activity in Marx's thought', Political Science 41(1)

Beehler, R. (1989) 'Marx on freedom and necessity', Dialogue 28(4)

Postone, Moishe (1993) Time, Labour and Social Domination: A Reinterpretation of Marx's Critical Theory

* Cohen, A. (1993) 'Marx: from the abolition of labour to the abolition of the abolition of labour', History of European Ideas 17(4)

Beecher, Jonathan (2001) Charles Fourier: The Visionary and his World, pp. 294-6

Sayers, S. (2006) 'Freedom and the "realm of necessity''', in D. Moggach (ed.) The New Hegelians: Politics and Philosophy in the Hegelian School

Zilbersheid, U. (2004) 'The vicissitudes of the idea of the abolition of labour in Marx's teachings - can the idea be revived?', Critique: Journal of Socialist Theory 35 (or: vol. 32 no. 1), available online

Baum, M. (2007) 'Freedom in Marx', Radical Philosophy Review 10(2)

 

@ Labour in Marx: critiques

* Arendt, Hannah (1958) The Human Condition, chs. 3-4

Suchting, W.A. (1962) 'Marx and Hannah Arendt's "The Human Condition"', Ethics 73

* Habermas, Jrgen [1967] 'Labour and interaction: remarks on Hegel's Jena Philosophy of Mind', in his Theory and Practice, tr. J. Viertel 1973

* Baudrillard, J. [1973] The Mirror of Production, tr. 1975

Gorz, A. (1975) Critique of Economic Reason

Lange, E.M. (1980) Das Prinzip Arbeit

Honneth, A. (1982) 'Work and instrumental action', New German Critique 26

Gorz, A. (1985) Paths to Paradise

Kellner, D. (1989) Jean Baudrillard: From Marxism to Postmodernism and Beyond

Gane, M. (1991) Baudrillard: Critical and Fatal Theory

 

@ Labour: histories of the idea

Thompson, E.P. (1967) 'Time, work-discipline and industrial capitalism', Past and Present 38

Sewell, W.H. Jr. (1980) Work and Revolution in France: The Language of Labour from the Old Regime to 1848

Campbell, J. (1989) Joy in Work, German Work: The National Debate 1800-1945

 

@ Labour in Ruskin and Morris

(Not specifically Marxist)

Ruskin, J. [1853] The Nature of Gothi. A Chapter from the Stones of Venice, 1928, also available online

Morris, W. [1884] Art and Socialism, 2004, also available online

Morris, W. [1884?] 'Art under plutocracy', in A.L. Morton (ed.) Political Writings of William Morris, 1973

Morris, W. [1892] ' Preface to The Nature of Gothic', in his News from Nowhere and Other Writings, ed. C. Wilmer, 1993, also available online

 

@ Labour: contemporary discussions

Creegan, R.F. (1951) 'The category of work', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 11

Kwsant, R.C. (1960) Philosophy of Labor

Braverman, H. (1974) Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century

Meakin, D. (1976) Man and Work

Anthony, P.D. (1978) The Ideology of Work

Wood, S. (ed.) (1982) The Degradation of Work?

Thompson, P.B. (1983) The Nature of Work: An Introduction to Debates on the Labour Process

Lazzarato, M. (1996) 'Immaterial labor', in P. Virno and M. Hardt (eds) Radical Thought in Italy: A Potential Politics

Llorente, R. (2006) 'Analytical Marxism and the division of labor', Science & Society 70(2)

 

@ Needs in Marx

(Including true and false needs)

O'Malley, J. (1966) 'History and man's 'nature' in Marx', Review of Politics 28

Heller, A. [1974] The Theory of Need in Marx, tr. 1976

Lebowitz, M.A. (1979) 'Heller on Marx's concept of needs', Science & Society 43(3), pp. 349-355

Stillman, P. (1983) 'Scarcity, sufficiency and abundance: Hegel and Marx on material needs and satisfactions', International Political Science Review 4(3)

Heller, A. (1985) 'Can "true" and "false" needs be posited?', in Heller's The Power of Shame: A Rational Perspective

Berry, C.J. (1987) 'Need and egoism in Marx's early writings', History of Political Thought 8(3), Winter 1987, reprinted in Cowling and Wilde (eds) Approaches to Marx

Chitty, Andrew (1993) 'The early Marx on needs', Radical Philosophy 64

Hughes, J. (2000) Ecology and Historical Materialism, ch. 7 'Capitalism, socialism and the satisfaction of needs'

Fraser, I. (1998) Hegel and Marx: The Concept of Need

Sayers, S. (1998) Marxism and Human Nature

 

@ Needs and desires (in general)

Maslow, A.H. (1954) Motivation and Personality, 2nd ed. 1970, ch. 4

Bookchin, M. [1967] 'Desire and need', in Post-Scarcity Anarchism, 1971

White, A.R. (1975) Modal Thinking, ch. on need

Springborg, P. (1981) The Problem of Human Needs and the Critique of Civilisation

Soper, K. (1981) On Human Needs

Wiggins, D. (1986) 'Claims of need', in his Needs Values Truth

Doyal, L. and Gough, I. (1991) A Theory of Human Needs

 

@ Alienation/estrangement in Marx's early writings: general

(For Ent舫sserung in particular see 'Alienation/estrangement as collective self-subordination')

(Translation: The headings and notes in this bibliography follow L. Colletti (ed.) Karl Marx: Early Writings and Marx and Engels, Collected Works in using 'alienation' for Marx's Ent舫sserung and 'estrangement' for his Entfremdung. Miller's translation of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit uses 'externalisation' for Ent舫sserung and 'alienation' for Entfremdung and some Marx translators follow this practice. See C.J. Arthur, Dialectics of Labour, appendix (available online) for discussions of the two German terms.)

(For Ent舫sserung in particular see 'Alienation/estrangement as collective self-subordination')

On the Jewish Question [1843]

Notes on James Mill [1844] (also known as Excerpt-notes of 1844 etc.)

Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts [1844] (esp. sec. on 'alienated labour')

Theses on Feuerbach

Grundrisse p. 470

Marcuse, Herbert (1941) Reason and Revolution, part 2 ch. 1

Popitz, H. (1953) Der entfremdete Mensch. Zeitkritik und Geschichtsphilosophie des Jungen Marx (Leopold 2007 92)

Lwith, K. (1954) 'Man's self-alienation in the early writings of Marx', Social Research 21, reprinted in Lwith's Nature, History and Existentialism, and in Jessop and Malcolm-Brown (eds.) Karl Marx's Social and Political Thought: Critical Assessments

Tucker, R. (1961) Philosophy and Myth in Karl Marx, 2nd ed. 1972, chs. 2-7, esp. ch. 3

Bloch, E. [1962] 'Entfremdung, Verfremdung: alienation, estrangement', TDR: The Drama Review 15(1) 1970

Rotenstreich, N. (1965) Basic Problems of Marx's Philosophy, ch. 7

Petrovic, G. (1967) 'Alienation and de-alienation', in his Marx in the Mid-Twentieth Century

Lobkowicz, N. (1967) Theory and Practice: History of a Concept from Aristotle to Marx, chs. 20-22

Avineri, S. (1968) The Social and Political Thought of Karl Marx, ch. 4

West, E.G. (1969) 'The political economy of alienation: Karl Marx and Adam Smith', Oxford Economic Papers 21(1)

Meszaros, I. (1970) Marx's Theory of Alienation, 4th ed. 1975 (with English translations of quotes from Marx), chs. 3, (4-7)

+ Giddens, A (1971) Capitalism and Modern Social Theory, ch. 1

Ollman, B. (1971) Alienation: Marx's Conception of Man in Capitalist Society, chs. 18-24 (partly available online)

Schacht, R. (1971) Alienation, ch. 3

Maguire, J. (1972) Marx's Paris Writings: An Analysis

Nozick, R. (1974) Anarchy State and Utopia, pp. 246-250 'Meaningful work', pp. 250-253 'Workers' control', pp. 268-271 'Having a say over what affects you'

Plamenatz, J. (1975) Karl Marx's Philosophy of Man, chs. 4-6

Kolakowski, L. (1978) Main Currents of Marxism Vol. 1, ch. 6

Agassi, J.B. (1978-79) 'Alienation from work: a conceptual analysis', Philosophical Forum 10

Walliman, I. (1981) Estrangement: Marx's Conception of Human Nature and the Division of Labour

Wood, A. (1981) Karl Marx, 2nd ed. 2004, chs. 1-3

Clarke, S. (1982) Marx, Marginalism and Modern Sociology: From Adam Smith to Max Weber

Markus, G. (1982) 'Alienation and reification in Marx and Lukacs', Thesis Eleven 5/6

Elster, J. (1985) Making Sense of Marx, secs. 2.2, 2.3, ch. 9

Gray, J. (1986) 'Marxian freedom, individual liberty, and the end of alienation', Social Philosophy and Policy

* Arthur, Christopher J. (1986) Dialectics of Labour: Marx and his Relation to Hegel, chs. 1-2, available online

Churchich, N. (1990) Marxism and Alienation

+ Wolff, J. (1992) 'Playthings of alien forces: Karl Marx and the rejection of the market economy', Cogito 6(1), reprinted in N. Warburton, J. Pike and D. Matravers (eds.) Philosophy: Basic Readings, 1999

Kymlicka, W. (2000) 'Alienation' in N. Warburton, J. Pike and D. Matravers (eds) Reading Political Philosophy: Machiavelli to Mill

Wendling, A. (2009) 'Karl Marx's concept of alienation', in her Karl Marx on Technology and Alienation

Sayers , S. (2011) Marx and Alienation

 

@ Phenomenology of Spirit and Marx

(For alienation in Hegel vs. in Marx, see A Hegel bibliography: 'Alienation in Hegel')

(For early Marx's critique of Hegel in general see 'Hegel and Marx')

(For the later Marx on Hegel see 'Method of Capital')

Marx, K. [1844] Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts, final section: 'Critique of Hegel's dialectic'

Marx, 'Hegel's construction of the Phenomenology' [1844], Marx and Engels, Collected Works, vol. 4, p. 665

Harris, E. [1978] 'Marxist interpretations of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit', in M. Westphal (ed.) Method and Speculation in Hegel's Phenomenology 1982

Arthur, Christopher J. (1983) 'Hegel's master/slave dialectic and a myth of Marxology', New Left Review 142, reworked as ch. 7 of Arthur's Dialectics of Labour: Marx and his Relation to Hegel, available online

 

@ Alienation/estrangement: sources for the concepts

(This is mainly on sources in religious thinkers. For sources in Rousseau, Fichte and Feuerbach see 'Rousseau and Marx', 'Fichte and Marx', 'Feuerbach and Marx'. For sources in Hegel see A Hegel bibliography: 'Alienation in Hegel')

(See also 'Religious, mythological and spiritual themes in Marx's thought')

Tillich, P. (1953) Der Mensch im Christentum und im Marxismsus

Rotenstreich, N. (1965) Basic Problems of Marx's Philosophy, ch. 7

Lobkowicz, N. (1967) Theory and Practice: History of a Concept from Aristotle to Marx, chs. 20-22

Meszaros, I. (1970) Marx's Theory of Alienation, 4th (ed.) 1975, ch. 1

Schacht, R. (1971) Alienation, ch. 1

* Inwood, M. (1992) A Hegel Dictionary pp. 35-38

 

@ Alienation/estrangement as a psychological condition

(E.g. as meaninglessness, as anomie, as a contemplative attitude, etc.)

Braybrooke, D. (1958) 'Diagnosis and remedy in Marx's doctrine of alienation', Social Research

Parsons, H.L. (1964) 'Value and mental health in the thought of Marx', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 24

Lukes, S. (1967) 'Alienation and anomie', in P. Laslett and W. Runciman (eds) Philosophy, Politics and Society, also in A.W. Finifter (ed.) Alienation and the Social System 1972

Wood, A. (1981) Karl Marx, 2nd ed. 2004, ch. 1

Bronfenbrenner, M. (1973) 'A harder look at alienation', Ethics 83

Fischbach, F. (2009) Sans objet: capitalisme, subjectivit, ali駭ation

 

@ Psychoanalysis and Marx

(See also 'Marcuse')

Fromm, E. (1961) 'Preface' to Marx's Concept of Man

O'Neill, N. (19?) 'Marxism and psychology', in M. Shaw (ed.) Marxist Sociology Revisited

 

@ Alienation/estrangement as collective self-subordination, autonomisation and inversion in the early writings

(This is the theme of humans' subordination to the system of their own activity)

(See also 'Freedom as an ideal in Marx')

(For this theme in Grundrisse and Capital see 'Capital as subject')

The German Ideology, in Collected Works, Vol. 5, pp. 46-52, 77-81, 245-6

Levine, A. (1978) 'Alienation as heteronomy', Philosophical Forum 8

+ Wolff, J. (1992) 'Playthings of alien forces: Karl Marx and the rejection of the market economy', Cogito 6(1), reprinted in N. Warburton (ed.) Philosophy: Basic Readings, 1999

Schmitt, R. (1996) 'Marx's concept of alienation', Topoi, 15(2)

Sensat, J. (1997) 'Marx's inverted world', Topoi 15(2)

Holloway, J. (1997) 'A note on alienation', Historical Materialism 1(1)

Sensat, J. (1997) 'Reification as dependence on extrinsic information', Synthese 109(3)

 

@ Exchange as source of alienation/estrangement

Notes on James Mill

Baudrillard, J [1976] Symbolic Exchange and Death, tr. 1993

Chitty, Andrew (1993) 'The early Marx on needs', Radical Philosophy 64

 

@ Alienation/estrangement in Marx's later writings

(See next item, 'Species-being and alienation/estrangement in Marx's later writings')

 

@ Species-being and alienation/estrangement in Marx's later writings, the 'epistemological break' debate

(See also 'Species-being and alienation/estrangement in value theory')

(For commentary focused on the ideas of inversion and collective self-subordination in the later Marx see 'Capital as subject')

Communist Manifesto, section 4

Bell, D. (1959) 'The meaning of alienation', Thought

Kamenka, E. (1962) The Ethical Foundations of Marxism, 2nd ed. 1972, ch. 14 also available online

Korsch, K. (1963) Karl Marx

O'Neill, J. (1964) 'The concept of estrangement in the earlier and later writings of Karl Marx', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, reprinted in Sociology as a Skin Trade 1972

* Althusser, L. [1965] For Marx, 'Introduction' [1965], 'Marxism and humanism' [1964], and 'On the young Marx' [1960] also available online (claims there is an epistemological break between the pre-1845-6 and the post-1845-6 Marx)

Fetscher, I. (1967) 'The young and the old Marx' in N. Lobkowicz (ed.) Marx and the Western World

Meszaros, I. (1970) Marx's Theory of Alienation, 4th (ed.) 1975, ch. 8

Kolakowski, L. (1971) 'Althusser's Marx' in R. Miliband and J. Saville (eds) Socialist Register 1971

Lewis, J. (1972) 'The Althusser case', Marxism Today, Jan. 1972, pp. 23-28; Feb 1972, pp. 43-48

Cornforth, M. (1973) 'Some comments on Louis Althusser's reply to John Lewis', Marxism Today, May 1973, pp. 139-47

Evans, M. (1974) 'More Marx studies', Political Studies 22(2)

Thomas, P. (1976) 'Marx and science', Political Studies 24(1)

LeoGrande, W.M. (1977) 'An investigation into the "Young Marx" controversy', Science and Society 41(2)

Hunt, E.K. (1978) 'A comment on William LeoGrande's approach to the "Young Marx"', Science and Society 42(1)

Balibar, E. (1978) 'From Bachelard to Althusser: the concept of "epistemological break"', Economy and Society 7(3)

Elliott, J.E. (1979) 'Continuity and change in the evolution of Marx's theory of alienation', History of Political Economy 11

Hammen, O.J. (1980) 'A note on the alienation motif in Marx', Political Theory 8(2)

Honneth, A. (1982) 'Labour and instrumental action: on the normative basis of critical theory', New German Critique, reprinted in C. Wright (ed.) The Fragmented World of the Social: Essays in Social and Political Philosophy 1994

Geras, N. (1983) Marx and Human Nature: Refutation of a Legend

Elster, J. (1985) Making Sense of Marx, pp. 74-78, 100-107

Christensen, K.R. (1987) 'Marx, human nature and the fetishism of concepts', Studies in Soviet Thought (now Studies in East European Thought) 34

Cowling, M. (1989) 'The case for the two Marxes restated' in M. Cowling and L. Wilde (eds) Approaches to Marx

Sayers, S. (1998) Marxism and Human Nature, ch 5 'Alienation and economic development'

Cowling, M. (2006) 'Alienation in the older Marx', Contemporary Political Theory 5(3)

Wendling, A. (2009) Karl Marx on Technology and Alienation

 

@ Species-being and alienation/estrangement in value theory

(On the relationship between the concepts of value / abstract labour / capital / fetishism in Grundrisse and Capital and those of human essence / species-being /alienation in the early writings)

(For species-being and alienation in Marx's later writings in general see 'Species-being and alienation in Marx's later writings')

(See also 'Commodity and value-form')

Marcuse, Herbert [1941] Reason and Revolution (New York,1967), pp. 280, 303-4

Colletti, L. [1968] 'Bernstein and the Marxism of the Second International' in From Rousseau to Lenin, section on 'The Labour theory of value' and the following two sections

Hartmann, K. (1970) Die Marxsche Theorie

Ollman, B. (1971) Alienation: Marx's Conception of Man in Capitalist Society, chs. 25-28, also available online

Geras, N. (1971) 'Essence and appearance: aspects of fetishism in Marx's Capital', New Left Review 65, also in Geras's Literature of Revolution, also (under the title 'Marx and the critique of political economy') in R. Blackburn (ed.) Ideology in Social Science

+ Perlman, F. (1973) 'Introduction' to I.I. Rubin, Essays on Marx's Theory of Value

Kolakowski, L. (1978) Main Currents of Marxism, Vol. 1: The Founders, OUP, pp. 172-173, 177-181, 262-287

Hunt, E.K. (1982) 'Marx's concept of human nature and the labor theory of value', Review of Radical Political Economics 14(2)

Smith, M.E.G. (1994) 'Alienation, exploitation and abstract labor a humanist defense of Marx's theory of value', Review of Radical Political Economics 26(1)

Reichelt, H. (2005) 'Social reality as appearance: some notes on Marx's conception of reality', in K. Psychopedis and W. Bonefeld (eds) Human Dignity: Social Autonomy and the Critique of Capitalism

 

@ Alienation/estrangement-based and humanist accounts of the later Marx

Calvez, J.-Y. (1956) La Pens馥 de Karl Marx

Ollman, B. (1971) Alienation: Marx's Conception of Man in Capitalist Society, chs. 25-31 (partly available online)

Wilde, L. (1998) Ethical Marxism and its Radical Critics

Holloway, J. (2002) Change the World Without Taking Power

 

@ Alienation/estrangement (and related concepts) in non-Marxist thinkers

(For pre-Marxist thinkers see 'Alienation/estrangement: sources of the concepts')

(For Marxist thinkers see especially 'Lukacs: reification', 'Lefebvre', 'Debord')

Nietzsche, F. [1873] 'On truth and lies in a nonmoral sense'

Simmel, G. [18?] The Philosophy of Money, tr. 1994

Seeman, M. (1959) 'On the meaning of alienation', American Sociological Review 24(6)

 

@ Alienation/estrangement in recent social theory

Haber, S. (2007) L'Ali駭ation. Vie sociale et exp駻ience de la d駱ossession

Haber, S. (2009) L'Homme d駱oss馘 : une tradition critique de Marx Honneth

Fischbach, F. (2009) Sans objet: capitalisme, subjectivit, ali駭ation

 

@ Property, 'true property' and 'individual property' in Marx

(Including the idea that alienated labour is the basis of private property)

Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts [1844], section on 'private property and communism'

Notes on James Mill [1844]

Lobkowicz, N. (1967) Theory and Practice: History of a Concept from Aristotle to Marx, pp. 367-72

Brenkert, G.G. (1979) 'Freedom and private property in Marx', Philosophy and Public Affairs 8, reprinted in M. Cohen et al. Marx, Justice and History 1980

Stillman, P.G. (1980) 'Property, freedom and individuality in Hegel's and Marx's political thought', in J.R. Pennock (ed.) Property

Clarke, S. (1982) Marx, Marginalism and Modern Sociology: From Adam Smith to Max Weber, pp. 45-49, PDF available via Google Books

Sayers , S. (2011) Marx and Alienation, ch. 7 'Private property and communism'

 

@ Egoism, identity, subject and subjectivity in Marx

(Marx's analysis of the social formation of individual identity, especially egoistic identity)

(Individuation, identity, egoism/moralism split, public/private split, personification)

(Including idea of individuals as 'bearers' or personifications of social relations of production)

(And idea of real subsumption of human psychology)

(For critiques of contemporary political constructivism based on these ideas in Marx, see A political philosophy bibliography: 'Marxist critiques of constructivism and humanism')

(See also Ralph Dumain's 'Marx and the individual reconsidered' bibliography)

(See also 'Individuality and community, particularity and universality in Marx')

(See also 'Anarchism and Marx')

(See also 'Separation of state and civil society')

(See also 'Productive forces and social relations of production')

(see also 'Critique of morality and humanism in Marx')

(See also 'Fetishism, reification and personification', in that this goes hand in hand with personification)

(For the idea of the sociality of consciousness, see A Hegel bibliography: 'Social accounts of selfhood')

Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right, tr. J. O'Malley, pp. 31-32, 77, 80, 107

On the Jewish Question, part 1

Notes on James Mill

The German Ideology CW5, pp. 46-47, 60-61, 78-81, 213, 245-257, 439

A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy (Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1971), pp. 95, 188-9

Grundrisse, pp. 156-165, 239-247, 297, 459-465, 471-497, 541, 717-718

Capital Vol. 3 (Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1966), pp. 779; 818-824

Theories of Surplus Value, Vol. 1 (Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1969), pp. 170, 409

Theories of Surplus Value, Vol. 3, (Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1972), pp. 315, 514

Fromm, E. (1932) 'ワber Aufgabe und Methode einer Analytischen Sozialpsychologie', in C.L. Hirschfeld (ed.) Zeitschrift fr Sozialforschung, vol. 1

Seve, L. [1969] Man in Marxist Theory

O'Malley, J. (1970) Introduction' to K. Marx, Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right, ed. O'Malley, sec. 5

Sax, B.C. (1984) 'Marx's dialectic of identity: the interlocking languages of the individual and structures in the German Ideology', Studies in Soviet Thought (now Studies in East European Thought) 27(4), 289-318

Sayer, D. (1987) The Violence of Abstraction

Sayer, D. (1991) Capitalism and Modernity: An Excursus on Marx and Weber, esp. ch. 2 'Power and the subject'

Read, J. (2003) The Micro-Politics of Capital: Marx and the Prehistory of the Present

Rikowski, G. (2003) 'Alien life: Marx and the future of the human', Historical Materialism 11(2)

Sayers, S. (2007) 'Individual and society in Marx and Hegel: beyond the communitarian critique of liberalism", Science & Society 71(1)

 

@ History in the early writings (1837-44)

Popitz, H. (1953) Der entfremdete Mensch. Zeitkritik und Geschichtsphilosophie des Jungen Marx

Adamson, W.L. (1981) 'Marx's four histories: an approach to his intellectual development', History and Theory 20(4 )

 

@ Habermas's critique of Marx

(The basic claim is that Marx reduces praxis to poesis and eliminates recognition (or 'interaction'))

(On the issue of the rational or emancipatory content of labour in general see 'Labour as intrinsically emancipatory')

Habermas, Jrgen [1963] 'Between philosophy and science: Marxism as critique', in Theory and Practice, reprinted in Seidman (ed.)

Habermas, Jrgen [1967] 'Labour and interaction: remarks on Hegel's Jena Philosophy of Mind', in his Theory and Practice, tr. J. Viertel 1973

Habermas, Jrgen [1968] Knowledge and Human Interests, chs. 2-3

Wellmer, A. (1969?) The Critical Theory of Society, ch. 2

Habermas, Jrgen (1975) 'The place of philosophy in Marxism', Insurgent Sociologist 5(2), pp 41-48

Sensat, J. Jr. (1979) Habermas and Marxism: An Appraisal

Heller, A. (1982) 'Habermas and Marxism' in J.B. Thompson and D. Held (eds) Habermas: Critical Debates

Giddens, A. (1982) 'Labour and interaction' in J.B. Thompson and D. Held (eds) Habermas: Critical Debates

Habermas, Jrgen (1982) 'A reply to my critics' in J.B.Thompson and D. and Held (eds) Habermas: Critical Debates

Habermas, Jrgen [1985] The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity, tr. 1990., lecture 3 secs. 2-3

Postone, Moishe (1993) Time, Labour and Social Domination, ch. 6 'Habermas's critique of Marx'

Toddington, S. (1993) Rationality, Social Action and Moral Judgement, c. pp. 122-3, 213-4, 225

Moggach, D. (1994) 'Marx and German Idealism: labour and the transcendental synthesis', History of European Ideas 19(1-3)

Doveton, D. (1994) 'Marx and Engels on democracy', History of Political Thought 15(4)

 

@ Ecology and Marx: general

(Including the 'resurrection of nature')

(For more specific topics, see 'Anthropocentrism and mastery of nature', 'Animals', and 'Malthus and Marx')

(For ecology and socialism see that topic in A political philosophy bibliography)

(See also 'Frankfurt School on nature and ecology')

(See also 'Materialism in Marx' and 'Praxis, Theses on Feuerbach')

Gorz, A. (1980) Ecology and Politics

Lee , D.C. (1982) 'Toward a Marxian ecological ethic: a response to two critics', Environmental Ethics 4

Bahro, R. (1982) Socialism and Survival

Redclift, M.R. (1985) Marxism and the Environment: A View from the Periphery in Political Action and Social Identity

Leff, E. [1986] Green Production: Toward an Environmental Rationality, tr. 1995, first essay

Altvater, A. (1991) The Future of the Market, tr. 1993, ch. 5

Grundmann, R. (1991) Marxism and Ecology

Benton, T. (1993) Natural Relations: Ecology, Animal Rights and Social Justice

Benton, T. et al. (1995) What on Earth is to be Done?: A Red-Green Dialogue

Bookchin, M. (1995) Re-enchanting Humanity

Benton, T. (ed.) (1996) The Greening of Marxism

Sundarararjan, P.T.S. (1996) 'From Marxian ecology to ecological Marxism', Science & Society 60(3)

Foster, J.B. (1999) Marx's Ecology: Materialism and Nature

Hughes, J. (2000) Ecology and Historical Materialism

 

@ Anthropocentrism and the mastery of nature

Leiss, W. (1972) The Domination of Nature

Lee, D.C. (1980) 'On the Marxian view of the relationship between man and nature', Environmental Ethics 2, pp. 3-16

Tolman, C. (1981) 'Karl Marx, alienation and the mastery of nature', Environmental Ethics 3, pp. 63-73

Lee, D.C. (1982) 'Towards a Marxian ecological ethic: a response to two critics', Environmental Ethics 4, pp. 339-343

Clark, J.P. (1989) 'Marx's inorganic body', Environmental Ethics 11

Benton, T. (1989) 'Marxism and natural limits: an ecological critique and reconstruction', New Left Review 178

Grundmann, R. (1991) 'The ecological challenge to Marxism', New Left Review 187

Grundmann, R. (1991) Marxism and Ecology

Benton, T. (1992) 'Ecology, socialism and the mastery of nature: a reply to Reiner Grundmann', New Left Review 194

Soper, K. (1991) 'Greening Prometheus: Marxism and ecology', in P. Osborne (ed.) Socialism and the Limits of Liberalism

Stanley, J.L. (1991) 'Marx, Engels and the administration of nature', History of Political Thought 9(3)

Dickens, P. (1992) Society and Nature: Towards a Green Social Theory

O'Neill, J. (1994) 'Humanism and nature', Radical Philosophy 66

Dickens, P. (1996) Reconstructing Nature: Alienation, Emancipation and the Division of Labour

Lee, K. (1996) 'Homo Faber: the ontological category of modernity', in I. Hampsher-Monk and J. Stanyer (eds) Contemporary Political Studies 1996: Proceedings of the Political Studies Association Conference, 1996, 3 volumes

Hughes, J. (1999) The Ecological Implications of Historical Materialism, sec. 1.3 'Values, interests and the environment' (on anthropocentrism)

 

@ Animals

Benton, T. (1988) 'Humanism = speciesism: Marx on humans and animals', Radical Philosophy, reprinted in Sayers and Osborne eds

Hughes, J. (1999) The Ecological Implications of Historical Materialism, sec. 6.3 'Animal needs, workers needs and human needs'

Sanbonmatsu, J. (2007) 'The subject of freedom at the end of history: socialism beyond humanism', American Journal of Economics and Sociology 66(1)

 

@ Malthus and Marx

(The idea of ecological limits, the ideology of Malthusianism)

Grundrisse c. pp. 605-610

Engels, F. [1844] Outlines of a Critique of Political Economy, in CW3, c. pp. 439-440

Enzensberger, H.M. (1974) 'A critique of political ecology', New Left Review 84

Matthews, W.H. (1976) 'The concept of outer limits' in his Outer Limits and Human Needs

Walker, K.J. (1979) 'Ecological limits and Marxist thought', Politics 14(1)

Hollander, S. (1984) 'Marx and Malthusianism: Marx's secular path of wages', American Economic Review 74(1)

Benton, T. (1989) 'Marxism and natural limits: an ecological critique and reconstruction', New Left Review 178

Benton, T. (1991) 'The Malthusian challenge: ecology, natural limits and human emancipation', in P. Osborne (ed.) Socialism and the Limits of Liberalism

Hughes, J. (1998?) The Ecological Implications of Historical Materialism, ch. 2 'Marxism and the green Malthusians'

 

@ Art in Marx

Lenin, V.I., On Literature and Art, tr. 1970

Lifshitz [1933] The Philosophy of Art of Karl Marx, tr. 1973

Fischer, E. (1959) The Necessity of Art: A Marxist Approach

Rader, M. (1967) 'Marx's interpretation of art and aesthetic value', British Journal of Aesthetics 7

Arvon, H. (1973) Marxist Aesthetics

Baxandall, L. and Morawski, S. (eds) (1974) Karl Marx / Frederick Engels on Literature and Art: A Selection of Writings

Taylor, R. (1978) Art and the Enemy of the People

Rose, M.A. (1984) Marx's Lost Aesthetic: Karl Marx and the Visual Arts

Watson, B. (1998) Art, Class and Cleavage

Sayers, S. (2003) 'Creative activity and alienation in Hegel and Marx', Historical Materialism 11(1)

 

@ 4. MATERIALISM AND PRAXIS (MAINLY 1845-46)

 

@ Marx's view of philosophy, theory and practice

(Including the idea of philosophy as a force for change in the early Marx (the relation between theory and practice) and his later critique of philosophy and metaphysics)

(See also 'Young Hegelians')

Notebooks on Epicurean Philosophy [1839], passage on philosophy becoming worldly, CW1 pp. 491-493

Doctoral Dissertation [1841], two passages on philosophy, CW1 pp. 30-31, 84-86

'The leading article in no. 179 of the Klnische Zeitung' [Jun-Jul 1842], part 3, CW1 pp. 195-202

Letters to Ruge from the Franco-German Yearbook [Mar-Sep 1843], CW3 pp. 133-146

Lawrnce, C. (1949) 'Roots of the Marxist concept of practice', Science and Society13(3)

Livergood, N. (1967) Activity in Marx's Philosophy, introductory remarks

Caton, H. (1972) 'Marx's sublation of philosophy into praxis', Review of Metaphysics 26(2)

Kalin, M.G. (1979) 'Marx against metaphysics', Metaphilosophy 10

+ Callinicos, A. (1983) Marxism and Philosophy

 

@ Philosophy of Marx

(Attempts to elucidate Marx's own philosophical standpoint)

Rotenstreich, N. (1965) Basic Problems of Marx's Philosophy

Turner, D. (1968) On the Philosophy of Karl Marx

Henry, M. [1976] Karl Marx: A Philosophy of Human Reality

McBride, L.A. (1977) The Philosophy of Marx

Balibar, E. [1993] The Philosophy of Marx, tr. 1995

Rockmore, T. (2002) Marx after Marxism: The Philosophy of Karl Marx

 

@ Materialism in Marx, Marx's metaphysics and philosophy of nature

(From the Doctoral Dissertation on)

(Includes discussions on metaphysics of freedom vs. determinism in Marx; for this in relation to his theory of history see 'Determinism, inevitability and agency in Marx's theory of history'; for freedom as a normative ideal in Marx see 'Freedom as an ideal')

(For material exclusively on the Doctoral Dissertation see 'Doctoral dissertation')

(For praxis-based epistemology and ontology in Marx see 'Praxis, Theses on Feuerbach')

(For relation between ontological and historical materialism, see 'Ontological and historical materialism')

(For dialectics of nature in 20th century Marxism see '20th century Marxism: materialism, dialectics of nature, and dialectical method')

(For Marx's conception of science, see 'Dialectical exposition and dialectical method in general, Marx's conception of science')

(For ecologically oriented discussions see 'Ecology and Marx: general')

(For the concept of nature in ecological thought, see A political philosophy bibliography: 'Ecological political theory')

Doctoral Dissertation [1841]

* The Holy Family [1844], ch. 6, sec. on 'Critical battle against French materialism'

* Theses on Feuerbach [1845] (in editions of The German Ideology)

The German Ideology [1845-46], see index

Engels [wr. 1873-86, pub. 1925] Dialectics of Nature, 'Introduction', 'Old Preface to Anti-Dhring', 'Dialectics'

Engels, F

van Leeuwen, A. (1974) Critique of Earth, ch. 1

* Ruben, D.H. (1977) Marxism and Materialism: A Study in Marxist Theory of Knowledge

Norman, R. and Sayers, S. (1980) Hegel, Marx and Dialectic: A Debate

Smith, G. (1981) 'Sinful science: Marx's theory of freedom from thesis to theses', History of Political Thought 2

* Wood, A. (1981) Karl Marx, 2nd ed. 2004, chs. 11-14

Welty, G. (1983) 'Marx, Engels and dialectics', Political Studies 31

Bender, F.L. (1983) 'Marx, materialism and the limits of philosophy', Studies in Soviet Thought (now Studies in East European Thought) 25(2)

Levine, N. (1984) Dialogue within the Dialectic, ch. 3

Sayer, D. (1987) The Violence of Abstraction, ch. 4 'Ideal superstructures'

* Kline, G.L. (1988) 'The myth of Marx's materialism', in H. Dahm et al. (eds) Philosophical Sovietology: The Pursuit of a Science, reprinted in S. Meikle (ed.) Marx 2002

Bhaskar, R. (1989) Reclaiming Reality, ch. 7

Mills, C.W. (1989) 'Is it immaterial that there's a 'material' in 'historical materialism'?', Inquiry 32(3)

Stanley, J.L. (1997) 'Marx's critique of Hegel's philosophy of nature', Science & Society 61(4)

Pomeroy, A.F. (2004) Marx and Whitehead: Process, Dialectics, and the Critique of Capitalism

Holt, J. (2009) Karl Marx's Philosophy of Nature, Action and Society: A New Analysis

 

@ Theses on Feuerbach

(For Marx's relation to Feuerbach in general see 'Feuerbach's politics, Feuerbach and Marx')

* Theses on Feuerbach [1845] (in editions of The German Ideology)

Notes on Wagner, the beginning

Rotenstreich, N. (1965) Basic Problems of Marx's Philosophy

Goldstick, D. (1978) 'Activism and scientism in the interpretation of Karl Marx's first and third Theses on Feuerbach', Philosophical Forum 8

Baronovitch, L. (1978) 'Marx's Theses on Feuerbach: from real humanism to real possibility', Philosophical Forum 8

Bloch, E. [1968] 'Changing the world: Marx's theses on Feuerbach', in his On Karl Marx

Suchting, W. (1979) 'Marx's Theses on Feuerbach: a new translation and notes towards a commentary', in J. Mepham and D.-H. Ruben (eds) Issues in Marxist Philosophy. Vol. 2: Materialism

Giles-Peters, A. (1985) 'Objectless activity: Marx's 'Theses on Feuerbach'', Inquiry 28

Labica, G. (1987) Karl Marx, les Th鑚es sur Feuerbach

Thomson, E. (1994) 'The sparks that dazzle rather than illuminate: a new look at Marx's "Theses on Feuerbach"', Nature, Society, and Thought 7(3)

MacIntyre, A. (1994) 'The Theses on Feuerbach: a road not taken', in C. Gould (ed.) Artifacts, Representations and Social Practice

 

@ Praxis and activity in Marx: general

(Including praxis-based, pragmatist and anti-realist interpretations of Marx's ontology and epistemology)

(See also '20th century Marxism: praxis-based epistemology and ontology')

Schmidt, A. [196?] The Concept of Nature in Marx, tr. 1971

Kolakowski, L. (196?) Toward a Marxist Humanism

Livergood, N. (1967) Activity in Marx's Philosophy

Seidel, H. (1966) 'Vom praktischen und theoretischen Verh舁tnis der Menschen zur Wirklichkeit', Deutsche Zietshrift fr Philosophie, 14th year, issue 10

Lobkowicz, N. (1967) Theory and Practice: History of a Concept from Aristotle to Marx, ch. 17 'Feuerbach'

Sanchez Vasquez, A. (1967) The Philosophy of Praxis, tr. 1977

Kolakowski, L. (1969) 'Karl Marx and the classical definition of truth', in his Marxism and Beyond

Henry, M. [1976] Karl Marx: A Philosophy of Human Reality

Chakravarti, S. (1976) 'Praxis and nature', Dialectics and Humanism 3

Kolakowski, L. (1978) Main Currents of Marxism Vol. 1, ch. 16 'Recapitulation and philosophical commentary'

McMurty, J. (1978) The Structure of Marx's World View

Hoffman, P. (1982) The Anatomy of Idealism: Passivity and Activity in Kant, Hegel and Marx

Leff, E. [1986] Green Production: Toward an Environmental Rationality, tr. 1995, first essay

Kitching, G. (1988) Karl Marx and the Philosophy of Praxis

 

@ Praxis and activity in Marx's theory of history

Marx [1847] The Poverty of Philosophy, ch. 2 , fifth observation (passage on 'men as both the authors and the actors of their own drama')

Krieger, L. (1960) 'The uses of Marx for history', Political Science Quarterly 75

Margolis, J. (1992) 'Praxis and meaning: Marx's species-being and Aristotle's political animal', in G.E. McCarthy (ed.) Marx and Aristotle: Nineteenth-Century German Thought and Classical Antiquity

 

@ Epistemology of Marx

Hudson, R. (1982) 'Marx's empiricism', Philosophy of the Social Sciences 12

Farr, J. (1983) 'Marx no empiricist', Philosophy of the Social Sciences 13

Little, D. (1986) The Scientific Marx

Murray, P. (1988) Marx's Theory of Scientific Knowledge

 

@ Language and Marx

(Marx's theory of language)

(With thanks to Tim Carter)

Volosinov, V.N. [1929] Marxism and the Philosophy of Language, tr. 1973

Rossi-Landi, F. [19?] Language as Work and Trade: A Semiotic Homology for Linguistics and Economics, tr. 1983

Lecercle, J.-J. [19?] A Marxist Philosophy of Language, tr. 2004

Read, R. (2000) 'Wittgenstein and Marx on "philosophical language"', Essays in Philosophy 1(2) , also available online

 

@ Literary theory and Marx

(Marx and the theory of reading and writing; rhetoric and narrative in Marx)

White, H.V. (1975) Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe, ch. 'Marx'

Rose, M.A. (1978) Reading the Young Marx and Engels: Poetry, Parody, and the Censor

Cook, D.J. (1982) 'Marx's critique of philosophical language', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 42(4)

Kemble, T.M. (1995) Reading Marx Writing

 

@ 5. HISTORY AND IDEOLOGY (MAINLY 1845-48)

(See also '~History in the early writings (1837-44)')

 

@ Theory of history ('historical materialism'): texts

(For the development of Marx's theory of history see 'History in the early political writings (1837-44)')

* Marx and Engels [1845-46] The German Ideology, ch. 1 'Feuerbach'

Marx [1846] 'Letter to Annenkov', 28 Dec 1846

* Marx and Engels [1848] The Communist Manifesto

Marx [1852] The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte (Marx's historical method applied to 19C France)

Marx, 'The British rule in India', 'The future results of the British rule in India', in D. Fernbach (ed.) Surveys from Exile

Marx [1857] Introduction to Grundrisse, last section

Marx [1857-58] Grundrisse, section on 'Precapitalist economic formations'

* Marx [1859] Preface to Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy

Marx [1873] Afterword (or Postface) to 2nd edition of Capital volume 1

Engels [1890] 'Letter to J. Bloch', 21 Sep 1890

Engels [1890] 'Letter to C. Schmidt', 27 Oct 1890

 

@ The German Ideology

(See also 'Stirner and Marx')

Browning, G.K. (1993) 'The German Ideology: the theory of history and the history of a theory', History of Political Thought 14(3)

Pagel, U. (2009) Der beunruhigte Marx. Zur Rezeption Max Stirners in der Дeutschen Ideologie" in B. Bouvier et al (eds) Was bleibt? Karl Marx heute, also available online

Bluhm, H. (ed.) (2010) Die Deutsche Ideologie

Carver, T. (2010) 'The German Ideology never took place', History of Political Thought 31(1)

 

@ Theory of history: introductions

Prinz, A.M. (1969) 'Background and ulterior motive of Marx's "Preface" of 1859', Journal of the History of Ideas 30

Kolakowski, L. (1978) Main Currents of Marxism Vol. 1, ch. 14

Ball, T. (1991) 'History: irony and critique' in Carver ed. The Cambridge Companion to Marx

Rigby, S.H. (1987) Marxism and History: A Critical Introduction, 2nd ed. 1998

McCarney, Joseph (1990) Social Theory and the Crisis of Marxism, ch. 8 'Reason in history', also available online

Blackledge, P. (2006) Reflections on the Marxist Theory of History

 

@ Theory of history: method

Sayer, D. (1975) 'Method and dogma in historical materialism', Sociological Review 23(4)

Markus, G. (1990) 'Marxism and theories of culture', Thesis Eleven 25

Fracchia, J. (1991) 'Marx's Aufhebung of philosophy and the foundations of a materialist science of history', History and Theory 30(2)

 

@ Theory of history: fuller discussions

(On historical individuation process, see 'Individual, identity, subject and subjectification in Marx')

(See also 'Recognition in Marxist historiography')

Plekhanov, G.V. [1895] The Development of the Monist View of History

Plekhanov, G.V. [1897] 'The materialist conception of history'

Plekhanov, G.V. [1908] Fundamental Problems of Marxism

Labriola, A. [1896] Essays on the Materialist Conception of History

* Cohen, Gerry A. (1978) Karl Marx's Theory of History

Rader, M. (1979) Marx's Interpretation of History

McLellan, G. (1981) Marxism and the Methodologies of History

Larrain, J. (1986) A Reconstruction of Historical Materialism

Sayer, D. (1987) The Violence of Abstraction

Wood, E.M. (1995) Democracy Against Capitalism: Renewing Historical Materialism

 

@ Theory of history: class-struggle based interpretations

(See also 'Praxis and activity as the basis of Marx's theory of history')

Thompson, E. (1966) The Making of the English Working Class

Wood, E.M. (1995) Democracy Against Capitalism

 

@ Teleology in Marx's theory of history, history as human self-realisation

(For history as the development of freedom see 'Modernism in Marx')

(See also 'Species-being as a normative ground')

(See also 'Communism as emergent of out of capitalism')

Adorno, T. [1964-65] History and Freedom: Lectures 1964-65, tr. 2001

Tucker, R.C. (1968) 'Marx and the end of history', Diogenes 16(64)

LeoGrande, W.M. (1977) 'An investigation into the "Young Marx" controversy', Science and Society 41(2)

Hunt, E.K. (1978) 'A comment on William LeoGrande's approach to the "Young Marx"', Science and Society 42(1)

Chitty, Andrew (1994) 'Marx, moral consciousness and history', in C. Bertram and A. Chitty (eds) Has History Ended?

 

@ Determinism, inevitability and agency in Marx's theory of history

(Development of the forces of production vs. class struggle as the engine of history. Also the 'economist vs. voluntarist' debate about the degree to which revolutionary action is possible autonomously of economic conditions)

Kant [1784] 'Idea for a universal history from a cosmopolitan point of view', in his Political Writings or On History

Plekhanov, G. [1898] 'The role of the individual in history'

Timpanaro, S. [1970] 'Engels, materialism and "free will"' in his On Materialism

Novack, G. (1972) 'The Marxist theory of history and the individual', in Novack's Understanding History: Marxist Essays

Shaw, W.H. (1979) 'The handmill gives you the feudal lord': Marx's technological determinism', History and Theory 18

Sherman, H. (1981) 'Marx and determinism', Journal of Economic Issues 15(1)

Bien, J. (1984) History, Revolution and Human Nature: Marx's Philosophical Anthropology

Callinicos, A. (1987) Making History: Agency, Structure and Change in Social Theory

* Cohen, Gerry A. (1988) 'Historical inevitability and human agency in Marxism, Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series A 407(1832), reprinted in his History Labour and Freedom

Shaw, W.H. (1988) 'Plekhanov on the role of the individual in history', Studies in East European Thought (formerly Studies in Soviet Thought) 35(3)

Bimber, B. (1990) 'Karl Marx and the three faces of technological determinism', Social Studies of Science 20(2)

Ferraro, J. (1992) Freedom and Determination in History According to Marx and Engels

Milonakis, D. (1997) 'The dynamics of history: structure and agency in historical evolution', Science and Society 61(3)

Holloway, J. (2002) Change the World without taking Power: The Meaning of Revolution Today, ch. 7

Laibman, D. (2006) '"The end of history? The problem of agency and change in historical materialist theory', Science & Society 70(2)

 

@ Technological determinism in non-Marxists

Winner, L. (1978) Autonomous Technology: Technics-Out-Of-Control as a Theme in Political Thought

Winner, L. (1986) 'Do artefacts have politics?, in his The Whale and the Reactor

Marx, L. and Smith, L.R. (eds) (1994) Does Technology Drive History?: The Dilemma of Technological Determinism

Chandler, D. (1995) 'Technological or media determinism', available online

 

@ Historical and ontological materialism

Engels [1883] 'Speech at the graveside of Karl Marx'

Cohen, Gerry A. (1974) 'Being, consciousness and roles: on the foundations of historical materialism' in C. Abramsky and B. Williams (eds) Essays in Honour of E.H. Carr

Collier, A. (1979) 'Materialism and explanation in the human sciences', in Mepham and Ruben (eds) Issues in Marxist Philosophy Vol. 2

Cohen, Gerry A. (1988) History, Labour and Freedom ch. 7 'On an argument for historical materialism'

Blackburn, R.J. (1990) The Vampire of Reason, introduction

Hughes, J. (1998?) The Ecological Implications of Historical Materialism, ch. 4

 

@ Pre-capitalist societies

Marx [1857-58] Grundrisse, 'Precapitalist forms of production'

Anderson, P. (19?) Lineages of the Absolute State, Appendix B 'The Asiatic mode of production'

Wickham, C. (1985) 'The uniqueness of the East', Journal of Peasant Studies 12

Ahmad, A. (1992) In Theory, chs. 5 and 6

Melotti, U. (1997) Marx and the Third World

 

@ Social relations of production, and their effect on legal and political structures

(Including the problem of legality: if RPs are property relations and property relations are legal relations then how can RPs explain the legal superstructure?)

(Also the problem of social normativity: if RPs involve social norms and social norms are ideological then how can RPs explain ideology?)

Godelier, M. [19?] Perspectives in Marxist Anthropology, tr. 1976

Korsch, K. [1923] Marxism and Philosophy, NLB 1970, pp. 83-97

Plamenatz, J. (1954) German Marxism and Russian Communism, ch. 2, sec. 1 'The relations of production'

Plamenatz, J. (1963) Man and Society, Vol. 2, pp. 274-292

Cohen, Gerry A. (1966-67) 'Beliefs and roles', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society ?, reprinted in J. Glover (ed.) The Philosophy of Mind 1976

Plamenatz, J. (1970) Ideology, chs. 2 and 3

Cohen, Gerry A. (1970) 'On some criticisms of historical materialism 1', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supp. Vol. 44

Cohen, Gerry A. (1974) 'Being, consciousness and roles: on the foundations of historical materialism' in C. Abramsky and B. Williams (eds) Essays in Honour of E.H. Carr, secs. 2-5; slightly revised as History, Labour and Freedom ch. 3

* Cohen, Gerry A. (1978) Karl Marx's Theory of History, chs. 2.1, 3, 8

+ Collins, H. (1982) Marxism and Law, pp. 77-85

Godelier, M. (1982) 'The ideal in the real', in R. Samuel and G.S. Jones (eds) Culture, Ideology and Politics: Essays for Eric Hobsbawm

Lukes, S. (1983) 'Can the base be distinguished from the superstructure?', in D. Miller and L. Siedentop (eds) The Nature of Political Theory

Cohen, Gerry A. (1983) 'Reply to four critics', Analyse und Kritik 5 secs. 10-12

Miller, R.W. (1984) Analyzing Marx pp. 195-205

Cohen, Gerry A. (1984) 'Restricted and inclusive historical materialism', revised and expanded in Cohen's History Labour and Freedom 1988

Elster, J. (1985) Making Sense of Marx, pp. 243-258

Sayer, D. (1987) The Violence of Abstraction, chs. 2-3

Cohen, Gerry A. (1988) History, Labour and Freedom ch. 2 'Base and superstructure' (restates his solution to the problem of legality, addresses the problem of independent existence, and then in sec. 3 which reproduces Cohen 1983 sec. 10  forcefully points out the causal/constitutive confusion in Lukes 1983)

Cohen, Gerry A. (1989?) 'Collins on base and superstructure', Oxford Journal of Legal Studies ?

Wood, E.M. (1995) Democracy Against Capitalism, ch. 2 'Rethinking base and superstructure'

+ Roberts, M. (1996) Analytical Marxism: A Critique, pp. 52-59

Chitty, Andrew (1998) 'Recognition and social relations of production', Historical Materialism 2(1)

 

@ Social relations of production's effect on culture

(See also 'Ideology')

Williams, R. (1973) 'Base and superstructure in Marxist cultural theory', New Left Review 82

 

@ Productive forces and their effect on social relations of production

(See also 'Social relations of production')

(For idea of the modern form of labour as constitutive of capitalism see 'Commodity and value-form ')

(See also 'Egoism, identity, subject and subjectification in Marx')

Marx ? in The People's Paper 19 April 1856

Stalin, J. [1938] 'Dialectical and historical materialism', in A History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolshevik). Short Course, tr. 1940

Skolimowski, H. (1966) 'The structure of thinking in technology', in Mitcham, C. and MacKay, R. (eds) Philosophy and Technology, 1972 (J. Hughes: defines technological progress as increasing efficiency in producing objects to achieve an end which end is given by the nature of the object)

Jarvie, I.C. (1966) 'The social character of technological progress: comments on Skolimowski's paper', in Mitcham, C. and MacKay, R. (eds) Philosophy and Technology, 1972 (J. Hughes: modifies Skolimowski's view by saying that the 'end' of a product is determined socially, not by its nature)

Balibar [1968] in Althusser, L. Reading Capital, pp. 226 ff

Thompson, E.P. (197?) The Poverty of Theory

Lukacs, Georg (197?) The Ontology of Social Being

Sayers, S. (1980) 'Forces of production and relations of production in socialist society', Radical Philosophy 24

Sayers, S. (1984) 'Marxism and the dialectical method: a critique of G.A. Cohen', Radical Philosophy 36

Larrain, J. (1986) A Reconstruction of Historical Materialism, pp. 71ff

Mills, C.W. (1989) 'Is it immaterial that there's a "material" in "historical materialism"?', Inquiry 32

Wolf, E. Europe and the People without History, ch. 2

 

@ Functionalist accounts of Marx's theory of historical change

(Cohen and predecessors)

(For Cohen on other topics see 'Analytical Marxism: Cohen')

Plekhanov, G. [19?] Fundamental Problems of Marxism, parts 6-14

Plekhanov, G. [c.1910] Development of the Monist View of History

Shaw, W. (197?) Marx's Theory of History

Cohen, Gerry A. (1978) Karl Marx's Theory of History, chs. 4,6,9,10

+ Cohen, Gerry A. (1983) 'Forces and relations of production', in B. Matthews (ed.) Marxism: A Hundred Years On, reprinted in J. Roemer (ed.) Analytical Marxism 1986

+ Cohen, Gerry A. (1989) 'Forces and relations of production', in Cohen's History, Labour and Freedom

+ Roberts, M. (1996) Analytical Marxism: A Critique, chs. 3-5

 

@ Methodological individualist criticism of functionalist explanation in Marxism

(And of 'teleological' thinking in general in Marxism)

(The Cohen-Elster debate, revolving around the question of to what extent functional explanations in general need elaboration by specifying causal or intentional feedback-loop mechanisms to be valid/ satisfactory/ full)

(For methodological individualist Marxism in general see 'Rational choice Marxism')

(For specific criticisms of Cohen's explanations of transitions, and rational choice alternatives, see 'Rational choice approaches to the problem of transition between epochs')

* Cohen, Gerry A. (1978) Karl Marx's Theory of History, ch. 9 'Functional explanation: in general' esp. secs. 1-4 (pp. 249-264), ch. 10 'Functional explanation: in Marxism' esp. secs. 4-5 (pp. 285-296) (on elaborations)

Cohen, M. et als. (eds) (1980) Marx, Justice and History, part 2, esp. piece by Buchanan

Elster, J. (1980) 'Cohen on Marx's theory of history', Political Studies 28(1)

Cohen, Gerry A. (1980) 'Functional explanations: a reply to Elster', Political Studies 28(1)

Elster, J. (1982) 'Marxism, functionalism and game theory: the case for methodological individualism', Theory and Society 11(4), reprinted in Callinicos (ed.) Marxist Theory, and in D. Matravers and J.E. Pike (eds) Debates in Contemporary Political Philosophy

Cohen, Gerry A. (1982) 'Functional explanation, consequence explanation and Marxism', Inquiry 25

Cohen, Gerry A. (1982) 'Reply to Elster on "Marxism, functionalism and game theory"', Theory and Society 11(4), reprinted in Callinicos (ed.) Marxist Theory

Roemer, J. (1982) 'Methodological individualism and deductive Marxism', Theory and Society 11(4)

Elster, J. (1983) Explaining Technical Change

Halfpenny, P. (1983) 'A refutation of historical materialism?', Social Science Information 22(1), pp 61-87, reprinted in Marx's Theory of History: The Contemporary Debate, (ed.) P. Wetherly, 1992

+ Elster, J. (1983) Explaining Technical Change, pp. 64-68

Elster, J. (1985) Making Sense of Marx, ch. 2.4, ch. 5

Cohen, Gerry A. (1986) 'Marxism and functional explanation'

Elster, J. (1986) 'Further thoughts on Marxism, functionalism and game theory', in J. Roemer (ed.) Analytical Marxism

Carling, A. (1991) Social Division, ch. 1

 

@ Rational choice approaches to the problem of transition between epochs

(Esp. transition to capitalism)

(See also 'Rational choice Marxism: general')

(For transition to socialism see 'Rational choice approaches to class action and class consciousness')

The German Ideology, ch. 1

Communist Manifesto

Capital Vol. 1, chs. 26-33

Brenner, R. (1976) 'Agrarian class structure and economic development in pre-industrial Europe', Past and Present 70, reprinted in Aston, T.H. and Philpin, C.H.E. (eds) The Brenner Debate, 1985

Brenner, R. (1977) 'The origins of capitalist development: a critique of neo-Smithian Marxism', New Left Review 104, reprinted in Aston, T.H. and Philpin, C.H.E. (eds) The Brenner Debate, 1985

Cohen, G. (1978) Karl Marx's Theory of History, ch. 10 secs. 4-5 (pp. 285-296)

Levine, A. and Wright, E.O. (1980) 'Rationality and class struggle', New Left Review 123, reprinted in Callinicos, A. (ed.) Marxist Theory, 1989; substantially revised as ch. 2 of E.O. Wright, A. Levine and E. Sober Reconstructing Marxism 1992

Nielsen, K. (1983) 'On taking historical materialism seriously', Dialogue 22(2)

Cohen, J. (1982) Review of Cohen: Karl Marx's Theory of History, Journal of Philosophy

Brenner, R. (1982) 'The agrarian roots of European capitalism', Past and Present 97, reprinted in Aston, T.H. and Philpin, C.H.E. (eds) The Brenner Debate 1985

Cohen, Gerry A. (1983) 'Reply to four critics', Analyse und Kritik 5

Elster, J. (1984) 'Historical materialism and economic backwardness', in Ball, T. and Farr, J. (eds) After Marx

Wood, E.M. (1984) 'Marxism and the course of history', New Left Review 147

Van Parijs, P. (1984) 'Marxism's central puzzle', in Ball, T. and Farr, J. (eds) After Marx, earlier version published in German in Analyse und Kritik 4, 1982

Elster, J. (1985) Making Sense of Marx, ch. 5

Brenner, R. (1985) 'Marx's two theories of transition to capitalism (part one)', Acts du Colloque Marx, Paris

Brenner, R. (1986) 'The social basis of economic development', in Analytical Marxism, (ed.) J. Roemer

Buchanan, A.E. (1987) 'Marx, morality and history: an assessment of recent analytical work on Marx', Ethics 98, part 1

Cohen, Gerry A. and Kymlicka, W. (1988) 'Human nature and social change in the Marxist conception of history', Journal of Philosophy 85, reprinted in History Labour and Freedom, ch. 5

+ Cohen, Gerry A. (1988) 'Forces and relations of production', in Cohen's History, Labour and Freedom

Brenner, R. (1989) 'Bourgeois revolution and the transition to capitalism', in The First Modern Society, (eds) A.L. Beier et als

Carling, A. (1991) Social Division, chs. 2-3

Roberts, M. (1996) Analytical Marxism: A Critique, ch. 4

 

@ International and intranational competition in Marx's theory of history

(Darwinian elaborations of Cohen)

Semenov, Y.I. [19?] 'The theory of socio-economic formations and world history' in Gellner, E. (ed.) Soviet and Western Anthropology, 1980

Gellner, E. (1980) 'A Russian Marxist philosophy of history' in Gellner, E. (ed.) Soviet and Western Anthropology

Torrance, J. (1985) 'Reproduction and development: a case for a Darwinian mechanism in Marx's theory of history', Political Studies 33

Roemer, J. (1988) Free to Lose, ch. 8 'Historical materialism'

Carling, A. (1988) 'Liberty, equality, community' New Left Review 171

Cohen, Gerry A. (1988) 'Forces and relations of production', in Cohen's History, Labour and Freedom

Bertram, C. (1990) 'International competition in historical materialism', New Left Review 182

Carling, A. (1991) Social Division, ch. 3

Casal, P. (1994) 'On societal and global historical materialism', in Bertram, C. and Chitty, Andrew (eds) Has History Ended? Fukuyama, Marx and Modernity

 

@ Weakened versions of historical materialism

Miller, R.W. (1981) 'Productive forces and the forces of change: a review of Gerald A. Cohen, Karl Marx's Theory of History: A Defence', Philosophical Review 90:1; revised and extended version, with references to Cohen excised, as ch. 4 of Miller's Analyzing Marx, 1984

Wright, E.O., Levine, A. and Sober, E. (1992) Reconstructing Marxism, part 1

 

@ Ideology and 'false consciousness' in Marx

(See also 'Ideology since Marx', 'Fetishism, reification and personification in Marx')

(On the juridical illusion see 'Law in Marx: general')

Berki, R.N. (1973) 'The Marxian concept of bourgeois ideology: some aspects and perspectives', in R. Benewick et al. (eds) Knowledge and Belief in Politics

Jakubowski, F. (1976) Ideology and Superstructure in Historical Materialism

Seliger, M. (1977) The Marxist Conception of Ideology

'On Ideology', Working Papers in Cultural Studies 10, Birmingham

* Cohen, Gerry A. (1978) Karl Marx's Theory of History: A Defence, pp. 289-293

Mepham, J. (1972) 'The theory of ideology in Capital', Radical Philosophy 2, reprinted in J. Mepham and D.-H. Ruben (eds) Issues in Marxist Philosophy Vol. 3

Sayer, D. (1979) Marx's Method: Ideology, Science and Critique in Capital

Mellos, K. (1980) 'The concept of ideology in Marx' Social Praxis 7(1-2), 5-19

* McCarney, Joseph (1980) The Real World of Ideology

Eyerman, R. (1981) 'False consciousness and ideology in Marxist theory', Acta Sociologica 24, 43-56

Parekh, Bhikhu (1982) Marx's Theory of Ideology

Larrain, J. (1983) Marxism and Ideology, 2nd ed. 1991, esp. ch. 1

Sayer, D. (1987) The Violence of Abstraction, ch. 4

Nielsen, K. (1989) Marxism and the Moral Point of View: Morality, Ideology and Historical Materialism

Pines, L.C. (1993) Ideology and False Consciousness: Marx and his Historical Progenitors

McCarthy, E.D. (1994) 'The uncertain future of ideology: rereading Marx', Sociological Quarterly 35(3)

Torrance, J. (1995) Karl Marx's Theory of Ideas

Rosen, M. (1996) On Voluntary Servitude: False Consciousness and the Theory of Ideology

Rosen, M. (2000) 'On voluntary servitude and the theory of ideology', Constellations 7(3)

Heath, J. (2001) 'Problems in the theory of ideology', in T. McCarthy et al (eds) Pluralism and the Pragmatic Turn: The Transformation of Critical Theory

 

@ Ideology since Marx

(See also 'Althusser on ideology')

Lukacs, Georg [1923] 'Class consciousness', secs. 1-4, in History and Class Consciousness

Mannheim, K. [1929] Ideology and Utopia, ch. 2 sec. 1-5, abridged in Eagleton ed

Poulantzas, N. [1968] Political Power and Social Classes, tr. 1975, pp.195-210

+ Lichtheim, G. (1965) 'The concept of ideology', History and Theory 4, reprinted in G.H. Nadel ed. Studies in the Philosophy of History, also in Lichtheim's The Concept of Ideology and Other Essays

Habermas, Jrgen [1968] 'Technology and science as 'ideology'', in Toward a Rational Society, reprinted in Seidman ed

Barth, H. (1976) Truth and Ideology

Larrain, J. (1979) The Concept of Ideology

Barthes, K. [1957] Mythologies, tr. 1972

Carlsnaes, W. (1981) The Concept of Ideology and Political Analysis: A Critical Examination of its Usage by Marx, Lenin and Mannheim

+ Geuss, R. (1981) The Idea of a Critical Theory: Habermas and the Frankfurt School, ch. 1

Elster, J. (1982) 'Belief, bias and ideology', in Hollis and Lukes ed., reprinted in Eagleton (ed.) Ideology

Thompson, J. (1984) Studies in the Theory of Ideology

Roemer, J. (1985) 'Rationalising revolutionary ideology', Econometrica 53

McLellan, D. (1986) Ideology

Hall, S. (1986) 'The problem of ideology: Marxism without guarantees', Journal of Communication Inquiry 10(2)

Thompson, J.B. (1990) Ideology and Modern Culture: Critical Social Theory in the Era of Mass Communication

Barrett, M. (1991) The Politics of Truth: From Marx to Foucault

+ Eagleton, T. (1991) Ideology: An Introduction

Eagleton, T. (ed.) (1994) Ideology

Zizek, S. (ed.) (1994) Mapping Ideology

Rosen, M. (1996) On Voluntary Servitude

 

@ Moral progress in historical materialism

Roemer, J.F. (1982) A General Theory of Exploitation and Class, c. p.243, 271

Gilbert, A. (1984) 'Marx's moral realism: eudaimonism and moral progress', in T. Ball and J. Farr (eds) After Marx

Carling, A. (1986) 'Rational choice Marxism', New Left Review 186, reprinted in M. Cowling and L. Wilde (eds) Approaches to Marx

Roemer, J. (1988) Free to Lose, ch. 8 'Historical materialism'

Wood, E.M. (1989) 'Rational choice Marxism: is the game worth the candle?', New Left Review 177

Roberts, M. (1997) 'Analytical Marxism: an ex-paradigm? The odyssey of G.A. Cohen', Radical Philosophy 82

 

@ Sociological materialism

Wright, E.O. (1985) Classes

Colletti, L. (1972) 'Marxism as a sociology' in his From Rousseau to Lenin

Bottomore, T. (1975) 'Karl Marx: sociologist or Marxist?' in Sociology as Social Criticism

 

@ Marx's historiography (mainly of the 1848 revolutions and Paris Commune)

The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte

The Class Struggles in France, 1848 to 1850

The Civil War in France

Moss, B.H. (1985) 'Marx and Engels on French social democracy: historians or revolutionaries?', Journal of the History of Ideas 46

Honneth, A. [1992] The Struggle for Recognition, trans. 1995, ch. 7, first section

Cowling, M. and Martin, J. (2002) Marx's Eighteenth Brumaire: (Post)modern Interpretations

- Lavin, C. (2005) "Postliberal agency in Marx's Brumaire", Rethinking Marxism 17(3)

 

@ Communist Manifesto

Cowling, M. (1998) The Communist Manifesto: New Interpretations

 

@ International relations, colonialism and imperialism in Marx and Marxism

(See also 'International and intranational competition in Marx's theory of history')

Marx, The Communist Manifesto, part 1 'Bourgeois and proletarians'

Marx, 'The British rule in India', 'The future results of the British rule in India', in D. Fernbach (ed.) Surveys from Exile

Marx, Capital volume 1, ch. 31 'Genesis of the industrial capitalist'

Marx, Letter to Vera Zasulich

Marx, Karl Marx on Colonialism and Modernization, ed. S. Avineri 1969

Marx, On Colonialism: Articles from the New York Tribune, and Other Writings 1972

Kautsky, K. [1914] 'Imperialism and the war', available online

Lenin, V.I. [1917] Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism

Avineri, S. (1969) 'Marx and modernisation', Review of Politics 31(2)

Berki, R.N. (1971) 'On Marxian thought and the problem of international relations', World Politics 24(1)

Brewer, A. (1980) Marxist Theories of Imperialism: A Critical Survey, 2nd ed. 2002

MacLean, J. (1988) 'Marxism and international relations:a strange case of mutual neglect', Millennium 17(2)

Katz, S. (1990) 'The problems of Eurocentricism and evolutionism in Marx's writings on colonialism', Political Studies 38(4)

Larrain, J. (1991) 'Classical political economists and Marx on colonialism and "backward" nations', World Development 19(2/3)

Boucher, D. (1998) Political Theories of International Relations, From Thucydides to the Present, ch. 15 'Marx and the capitalist world system'

Renton, D. (ed.) (2001) Marx on Globalisation

Hobden, S. and Wynne Jones, R. (2005) 'Marxist theories of international relations', in their The Globalization of World Politics, 3rd ed

 

@ Soviet Union: Marxist analyses

Marcuse, Herbert (1958) Soviet Marxism

McCarney, Joseph (1991) 'The true realm of freedom: Marxist Philosophy after communism', New Left Review I/189

 

@ Time and temporality in Marx

(See also 'Modernism in Marx')

Thompson, Edward P. (1967) 'Time, work-discipline and industrial capitalism', Past and Present 38(1)

Postone, Moishe (1993) Time, Labour and Social Domination: A Reinterpretation of Marx's Critical Theory

Osborne, Peter (2008) 'Marx and the philosophy of time', Radical Philosophy 147

Bonefeld, Werner (2010) 'Abstract labour: against its nature and on its time', Capital and Class 34(2)

 

@ 6. CAPITAL

 

@ Capital: introductions

Marx, Value Price and Profit, in editions of selected works

Fine, B. (1975) Marx's Capital, 3rd ed. 1989

Kolakowski, L. (1978) Main Currents of Marxism, Vol. 1: The Founders, chs. 12-13

Harvey, David (2009) Introduction to Marx's Capital

Patnaik, P. et al (2011) Marx's Capital: An Introductory Reader

 

@ Grundrisse and the 1861-63 Manuscript

(With thanks to Chris Arthur)

(For commentaries on the 1857 Introduction, see 'Method of Capital: general')

(For capital in general see 'Capital in general and many capitals')

Nicolaus, M. (1968) 'The Unknown Marx', New Left Review 48

* Rosdolsky, R. [1968] The Making of Marx's 'Capital', tr. 1977

Mandel, E. (1971) The Formation of the Economic Thought of Karl Marx

McLellan, D. (1971) 'Introduction', in Karl Marx, Marx's Grundisse

Cohen, Gerry A. (1972) 'Thoughts on the Grundrisse', Marxism Today 16(12)

Nicolaus, M. (1973) 'Foreword' to Karl Marx Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy (Rough Draft), Penguin and Vintage Books

Dobb, M. (1973) 'Grundrisse', Marxism Today, 17(10)

Vygodskii, V.S. [1973] The Story of a Great Discovery: How Karl Marx Wrote 'Capital', tr. 1974

Tribe, K. (1974) 'Remarks on the theoretical significance of Marx's Grundrisse', Economy and Society 3(2)

Postone, Moishe and Reinicke, H. (1974-75) 'On Nicolaus "Introduction" to the Grundrisse', Telos 22

Piccone, P. (1975) 'Reading the Grundrisse: beyond "orthodox" Marxism', Theory and Society 2(2)

Marquit, E. (1977-78) 'Nicolaus and Marx's method of scientific theory in the Grundrisse', Science & Society 41(4)

Gould, C.C. (1978) Marx's Social Ontology: Individuality and Community in Marx's Theory of Social Reality

Mepham, J. (1978) 'The Grundrisse: Method or Metaphysics', Economy and Society 7(4)

Oakley, A. (1984) Marx's Critique of Political Economy: Intellectual Sources and Evolution. Volume 1: 1844 to 1860

Oakley, A. (1985) Marx's Critique of Political Economy: Intellectual Sources and Evolution. Volume 2: 1861 to 1863

Meaney, M.E. (2002) Capital as Organic Unity: The Role of Hegel's Science of Logic in Marx's Grundrisse

Musto, M. (ed.) (2008) Karl Marx's Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later

 

@ General accounts of Marx's economics

Marx [1865] Value Price and Profit (or else the excerpts from Capital in D. McLellan (ed.) Karl Marx: Selected Writings, from p.415 to p.470)

Sweezy, P.M. (1942) The Theory of Capitalist Development, chs. 1-12

Harvey, David (1982) The Limits to Capital

Cunningham, J. (ed.) (1987) Karl Marx's Economics: Critical Assessments, 4 vols

 

@ Historical vs. transhistorical categories in Capital

Sayer, D. (1987) The Violence of Abstraction, ch. 6 'The historicity of concepts'

Sayer, D. (1979) Marx's Method, ch. 4 'Some reflections on the 'General introduction' of 1857'

 

@ Science, scientific method and Marx

(See also 'Althusser')

Blanchot, M. [1971] 'Marx's three voices', New Political Science 7(1)

Thomas, P. (1976) 'Marx and science', Political Studies 24(1)

McCarthy, G.E. (1988) Marx's Critique of Science and Positivism

 

@ Dialectical exposition and dialectical method in general

(See also 'Ideology in Marx')

(See also 'Critique and immanent critique in Marx')

Engels, F. [1878] Anti-Dhring, introduction ch. 1, part 3 ch. 2 (these sections are reprinted as Engels' Socialism: Utopian and Scientific), part 1 chs. 12-13

Lukacs, Georg [1923] 'What is orthodox Marxism?' in History and Class Consciousness

Popper, K. (1940) 'What is dialectic?', Mind 49, reprinted in Popper's Conjectures and Refutations, 5th (ed.) 1989

Marcuse, Herbert (1941) Reason and Revolution, part 2 ch. 1 sec. 7 'The Marxian dialectic'

Ilyenkov, E.V. [1974] Dialectical Logic

Colletti, L. (1975) 'Marxism and the dialectic', New Left Review 93

Norman, R. and Sayers, S. (1980) Hegel, Marx and Dialectic: A Debate

Mepham, J. and Ruben, D.-H. (eds) (1979) Issues in Marxist Philosophy. Vol. 1: Dialectics and Method

Wood, A. (1981) Karl Marx, 2nd ed. 2004, part 5 'The dialectical method'

McCarney, Joseph (1987) 'Hegel, Marx and dialectic', in D. Lamb (ed.) Hegel and Modern Philosophy

Murray, P. (1988) Marx's Theory of Scientific Knowledge

Wilde, L. (1991) 'Logic: dialectic and contradiction', in Carver ed

Paolucci, P. (2001) 'Assumptions of the dialectical method', Critical Sociology 27(3)

Paolucci, P. (2003) 'The scientific method and the dialectical method', Historical Materialism 11(1)

 

@ Method of Capital : general

(Also commentaries on the 1857 Introduction)

(As the dialectical exposition of capitalist social relations)

1857 Introduction to Grundrisse (section on 'The method of political economy')

Marx, Letter to F. Lassalle, 22 Feb 1858 in Selected Corrspondence

Capital Vol. 1 [1867], Prefaces and 1873 Afterword (or Postface)

Notes on Wagner [1879-80] (This is translated, along with the 1857 Introduction, in T. Carver (ed.) Karl Marx: Texts on Method. It is also translated in A. Dragstedt (ed.) Value: Studies by Marx)

Horkheimer, M. [1935] 'On the problem of truth', in A. Arato and E. Gebhardt (eds) The Essential Frankfurt School Reader

Ilyenkov, E.V. [1960] Dialectics of Abstract and Concrete in Marx's Capital

Carver, T. (1975) Marx: Texts on Method, commentary on the 1857 Introduction, pp. 88-158

Kolakowski, L. (1978) Main Currents of Marxism Vol. 1, relevant chapters

Sayer, D. (1979) Marx's Method, 2nd ed. 1983, ch. 4 esp. sec. 2

Godelier, M. (1972) 'Structure and contradiction in Capital', in R. Blackburn (ed.) Ideology and Social Science

Hall, S. (1974) 'Marx's notes on method: a "reading" of the "1857 Introduction", Working Papers in Cultural Studies, 6, reprinted in Cultural Studies 17(2), 2003

Kolakowski, L. (1978) Main Currents of Marxism, Vol. 1 The Founders, ch. 16

Bubner, R. (1988) 'Logic and capital: on the method of a 'critique of political economy'', in his Essays in Hermeutics and Social Theory, tr. E. Matthews 1988

Moseley, F. (ed.) (1993) Marx's Method in Capital: A Re-examination

Campbell, M. (1993) 'Marx's concept of economic relations and the method of Capital', in Moseley (ed.) Marx's Method in Capital: A Re-examination

Reuten, G. (1993) 'The difficult labour of a theory of value: metaphors and systematic dialectics at the beginning of Marx's Capital', in F. Moseley (ed.) Marx's Method in 'Capital': A Re-examination

Wouters, A. (1993) 'Marx's embryology of society', Philosophy of Social Science 23(2)

Moseley, F. and Campbell, M. (eds) (1997) New Investigations of Marx's Method

Arthur, Christopher J. (2002) The New Dialectic and Marx's Capital

Albritton, R. and Simoulidis, J. (eds) (2003) New Dialectics and Political Economy

Arthur, Christopher J. (2006) 'The inner totality of capitalism', Historical Materialism 14(3)

Engelskirchen, H. (2011) Capital as a Social Kind: Definitions and Transformations in the Critique of Political Economy

 

@ Method of Capital: abstraction

Sayer, D. (1979) Marx's Method, 2nd ed. 1983

Ollman, Bertell (2003) Dance of the Dialectic: Steps in Marx's Method, ch. 5 'Putting dialectics to work: the process of abstraction in Marx's method', available online

 

@ Method of Capital: logical vs. historical development and the idea of simple commodity production

(For the labour allocation argument in simple commoidty production see 'Labour theory of value: the 'labour allocation' argument')

Grundrisse, 100-108 ('The method of political economy'), 459-61

Engels, F. [1859] Review of Karl Marx: A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, in editions of Marx and Engels' Selected Works

Engels, F. [18?] Introduction to Capital Vol. 3

Colletti, L. [1969] Marxism and Hegel, tr. 1973, ch. 8 'Kant, Hegel and Marx'

Pietil, V. (1984) 'The logical, the historical and the forms of value', in S. H舅ninen and L. Pald疣 (eds) Rethinking Marx

Campbell, M. (1993) 'The commodity as necessary form of product' in R. Blackwell et al. (eds) Economics as Worldly Philosophy

Arthur, Christopher J. (1996) 'Engels as interpreter of Marx's economics', in C.J. Arthur (ed.) Engels Today: A Centenary Appreciation

Arthur, C. (1997) 'Against the logical-historical method: dialectical derivation vs. linear logic' in F. Moseley and M. Campbell (eds) New Investigations of Marx's Method

Arthur, Christopher J. (1998) 'Engels, logic and history' in R. Bellofiore (ed.) Marxian Economics: A Reappraisal. Vol. 1, Essays on Volume III of Capital. Method, Value and Money

Reuten, G. (2000) 'The interconnection of systematic dialectics and historical materialism', Historical Materliasm 7

Murray, P. (2003) 'Things fall apart: historical and systematic dialectics and the critique of poltical economy', in R. Albritton and J. Simoulidis (eds) New Dialectics and Political Economy

 

@ Method of Capital: 'successive approximations' interpretations

Grossman, H. [1929] The Law of Accumulation, tr. and abridged J. Banaji 1992

Sweezy, P.M. (1942) The Theory of Capitalist Development, introduction

Arthur, C. (1997) 'Against the logical-historical method: dialectical derivation vs. linear logic' in F. Moseley and M. Campbell (eds) New Investigations of Marx's Method

 

@ Method of Capital: Hegelian interpretations

(The 'new dialectics' school or 'new Hegelian Marxism' and parallel German discussions)

(For more specific topics under this head, see 'Logic of essence in Capital, 'Logic of the concept in Capital' and 'Philosophy of Right and Capital')

(For the logical derivation of capital from money see 'Capital: the concept')

(For discussions of value-form theory that do not specifically relate it to Hegel see 'Commodity and value-form')

Zeleny, J. [1968] The Logic of Marx, part 1

Colletti, L. [1969] Marxism and Hegel, tr. 1973, ch. 8 'Kant, Hegel and Marx'

Backhaus, Hans-Georg (1974) 'Materialien zur Rekonstruktion der Marxschen Werttheorie', in Gesellschaft. Beitr臠e zur Marxschen Theorie

Sekine, T. (1983) The Dialectic of Capital

Albritton, R. (1986) A Japanese Reconstruction of Marxist Theory

Murray, P. (1988) Marx's Theory of Scientific Knowledge, section on 'Hegel's absolute idealism ...'

Uchida, H. (1988) Marx's Grundrisse and Hegel's Logic

Reuten, G. and Williams, M. (1989) Value-Form and the State

Brentel, H. (1999) Soziale Form und ヨkonomische Objekt: Studien zum Gegenstands- und Methodenverst舅dnis der Kritik der politischen ヨkonomie, Westdeutscher Verlag, Opladen

Smith, T. (1990) 'The debate regarding dialectical logic in Marx's economic writings', International Philosophical Quarterly 30

Smith, T. (1990) The Logic of Marx's Capital: Replies to Hegelian Criticisms, chapter 1 available online

Arthur, Christopher J. (1991) Review article, Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 23/24

Shamsavari, A. (1991) Dialectics and Social Theory: The Logic of Capital

Lebowitz, M. (1992) Beyond 'Capital'

Hunt, I. (1993) Analytical and Dialectical Materialism

Smith, T. (1993) 'Marx's capital and Hegelian dialectical logic', in F. Moseley (ed.) Marx's Method in Capital: A Re-examination

Postone, Moishe (1993) Time, Labour and Social Domination: A Reinterpretation of Marx's Critical Theory

Shortall, F.C. (1994) The Incomplete Marx

Fraser, I. (1997) 'Two of a kind: Hegel, Marx, dialectic and form', Capital & Class 61

Backhaus, Hans-Georg (1997) Dialektik der Wertform

Sekine, T. (1997) An Outline of the Dialectic of Capital

Rosenthal, J. (1998) The Myth of Dialectics: Reinterpreting the Hegel-Marx Relation, chs. 11-16 Hegelian Marxism'

Smith, T. (1998) 'Value theory and dialectics', Science & Society 62(3)

Sekine, T. (1998) 'The dialectic of capital: an Unoist interpretation', Science & Society 62(3)

* Rosenthal, J. (1999) 'The escape from Hegel', Science & Society 63(3)

Smith, T. (1999) 'The relevance of systematic dialectics to Marxian thought: a reply to Rosenthal', Historical Materialism 4, also available online

Arthur, C. (1998) 'Systematic dialectic', Science & Society 62(3)

Albritton, R. (1999) Dialectic and Deconstruction in Political Economy

Meaney, M.E. (2002) Capital as Organic Unity: The Role of Hegel's Science of Logic in Marx's Grundrisse

Reichelt, Helmut (2005) 'Social reality as appearance: some notes on Marx's conception of reality', in K. Psychopedis and W. Bonefeld (eds) Human Dignity: Social Autonomy and the Critique of Capitalism

Reichelt, Helmut (2007) 'Marx's critique of economic categories: reflections on the problem of validity in the dialectical method of presentation in Capital', Historical Materialism 15(4)

Uchida, Hiroshi (2013) 'The constant symmetrical structure of Marx's Capital', Critique 65

 

@ Homology thesis

(The thesis that the sequence of catgories in Capital can be mapped on to the sequence in the Logic)

Bubner, R. (1973) 'Logik und kapital' in his Dialektik und Wissenschaft

Winfield, R. (1976) 'The logic of Marx's Capital', Telos 27

Arthur, C. (1993) 'Hegel's Logic and Marx's Capital', in F. Moseley (ed.) Marx's Method in Capital: A Re-examination, revised as 'Marx's Capital and Hegel's Logic', ch. 5 of his The New Dialectic and Marx's Capital 2002

Arthur, Christopher J. (2000) 'From the critique of Hegel to the critique of capital', in T. Burns and I. Fraser (eds) The Hegel-Marx Connection

 

@ Logic of essence in Capital

Reichelt, H. (1970) Zur logischen Struktur des Kapitalsbegriff bei Karl Marx

Banaji, J. (1979) 'From the commodity to capital: Hegel's dialectic in Marx's Capital', in D. Elson (ed.) Value

Krahl, H.J. (1970) 'Bemerkungen zum Verh舁tnis von Kapital und Hegelscher Wesenslogik', in O. Negt (ed.) Aktualit舩 und Folgen der Philosophie Hegels, also available online

Krahl, H.J. (1971) 'Zur Wesenslogik der Marxschen Warenanalyse' in his Konstitution und Klassenkampf

Winfield, R. (1976) 'The logic of Marx's Capital', Telos 27

Sayer, D. (1979) Marx's Method: Ideology, Science and Critique in Capital

Murray, P. (1988) Marx's Theory of Scientific Knowledge, ch. 13 'Marx's theory of value'

Smith, T. (1990) The Logic of Marx's Capital: Replies to Hegelian Criticisms, chs. 1C, 3, pp. 65-67, 91-94

Murray, P. (1993) 'The necessity of money: how Hegel helped Marx surpass Ricardo's theory of value', in F. Moseley (ed.) Marx's Method in Capital: A Re-examination

Reichelt, H.(2007) 'Marx's critique of economic categories: reflections on the problem of validity in the dialectical method of presentation in Capital', Historical Materialism 15

 

@ Logic of the concept in Capital (and elsewhere in Marx)

Arthur, C. (1998) 'The fluidity of capital and the logic of the concept', in C.J. Arthur and D. Reuten (eds) The Circulation of Capital: Essays on Volume Two of Marx's 'Capital'

Arthur, Christopher J. (2000) 'From the critique of Hegel to the critique of capital', in T. Burns and I. Fraser (eds) The Hegel-Marx Connection

Smith, T. (2001) 'Review of Hegel and History by Joe McCarney', Historical Materialism 9 (see also the exchange between Smith and Arthur in Historical Materialism 11(1), 2003)

 

@ Philosophy of Right and Capital

O'Malley, J. (1976) 'Marx's 'Economics' and Hegel's Philosophy of Right: an essay on Marx's Hegelianism', Political Studies 24(1)

Fine, Robert (2001) Political Investigations : Hegel, Marx, Arendt

McNally, D. (2003) 'Beyond the false infinity of capital: dialectics and self-mediation in Marx's theory of freedom', in R. Albritton and J. Simoulidis (eds) New Dialectics and Political Economy

 

@ Use-value

Arthur, Christopher J. (2003) 'The problem of use-value for a dialectic of capital', in R. Albritton and J. Simoulidis (eds) New Dialectics and Political Economy

 

@ Commodity and value-form, social forms and social ontology in Capital

(The nature of the commodity-form and value-form, including the value/exchange-value distinction)

(See also 'Species-being and alienation/estrangement in value theory', 'Abstract labour and concrete labour')

(For quantitative aspects see 'Labour theory of value')

(For discussions of value-form theory that specifically relate it to Hegel see 'Method of Capital: Hegelian interpretations')

(For autonomisation of the value-form see 'Capital as subject')

Notes on James Mill, first part

Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy ch. 1

Capital Vol. 1 ch. 1

Capital volume 1 (first edition), ch. 1 'The commodity' and appendix 'the value-form', in A. Dragstedt (ed.) Value: Studies by Marx (there is a better translation of the appendix in Capital & Class 4, 1978, which is reprinted, with a number of minor errors corrected, in S. Mohun (ed.) Debates in Value Theory)

Letter to Kugelman, 11 July 1868

Petry, F. (1916) De soziale Gehalt der Marxschen Werttheorie

* Rubin, I.I. [1928] Essays on Marx's Theory of Value, 1973, chs 1, 12, 14. See also the introduction by F. Perlman

Sweezy, P.M. (1942) The Theory of Capitalist Development, ch. 2 'Qualitative value'

* Backhaus, Hans-Georg [1969] 'On the dialectics of the value-form', Thesis Eleven 1, 1980 (original publication: 'Zur Dialektic der Wertform', in A. Schmidt (ed.) Beitrage zur Marxistischen Erkenntnistheorie)

Sohn-Rethel, A. [1970] Intellectual and Manual Labour: A Critique of Epistemology, written by 1951, tr. 1978, also available online

Anton, A. (1974) 'Commodities and exchange: notes for an interpretation of Marx', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 34

Sayer, D. (1979) Marx's Method, 2nd ed. 1983, ch. 2

Elson, D. (ed.) (1979) Value: The Representation of Labour in Capitalism

Eldred, M. and Hanlon, M. (1981) 'Reconstructing value‑form analysis', Capital & Class 13

Reichelt, H. (1982) 'From the Frankfurt School to value-form analysis', Thesis Eleven 4(1)

Williams, M. (ed.) (1988) Value, Social Form and the State

Reuten, G. (1988) 'Value as social form' in M. Williams (ed.) Value, Social Form and the State

Sayer, D. (1991) Capitalism and Modernity, ch. 2 'Mors immortalis'

Moseley, F. (ed.) (1993) Marx's Method in Capital: A Re-examination

* Postone, Moishe (1993) Time, Labour and Social Domination: A Reinterpretation of Marx's Critical Theory

Mohun, S. (ed.) (1994) Debates in Value Theory

Mohun, S. (1994) 'Value, value-form and money' in S. Mohun (ed.) Debates in Value Theory

Heinrich, M. (1999) Die Wissenschaft vom Wert: Die Marxsche Kritik der politischen ヨkonomie zwischen wissenschaftlicher Revolution und klassischer Tradition

Kliman, A. (2000) 'Marx's concept of intrinsic value', Historical Materialism 6

Chitty, Andrew (2000) 'Social and physical form: Ilyenkov on the ideal and Marx on the value-form', in V. Oittinen ed., Evald Ilyenkov's Philosophy Revisited, Helsinki (secs. 1-2 of the article)

Arthur, C. (2001) 'The spectral ontology of value', Radical Philosophy 107, also in A. Brown et al. (eds) Critical Realism and Marxism 2001, shorter version as 'The spectre of capital', ch. 8 of his The New Dialectic and Marx's Capital 2002

Bellofiore, R. and Taylor, N. (eds) (2004) The Constitution of Capital: Essays on Volume 1 of Capital

Reichelt, H. (2005) 'Social reality as appearance: some notes on Marx's conception of reality', trans. Werner Bonefeld, in Werner Bonefeld & Kosmas Psychopedis (eds.), Human Dignity: Social Autonomy and the Critique of Capitalism

Iber, C. (2005) Grundzge der Marx'schen Kapitalismustheorie

Reichelt, H. (2007) 'Marx's critique of economic categories: reflections on the problem of validity in the dialectical method of presentation in Capital', Historical Materialism 15(4)

Anon (2010) 'Communisation and value-form theory', Endnotes 2, also available online

Engelskirchen, H. (2011) Capital as a Social Kind: Definitions and Transformations in the Critique of Political Economy

 

@ Commodity and value-form: Postone's interpretation

Postone, Moishe (1993) Time, Labour and Social Domination: A Reinterpretation of Marx's Critical Theory

Starosta, G. (ed.) (2004) Symposium on Postone, Historical Materialism 12(3)

 

@ Abstract labour and concrete labour

(See also 'Commodity and value-form')

(For the relationship between abstract labour and alienated labour see 'Species-being and alienatio in value theory')

Rubin, I.I. [1928] Essays on Marx's Theory of Value, 1973, chs 1, 12, 14

Rubin, I.I. [1927] 'Abstract labour and value in Marx's system', Capital & Class 5, 1978, reprinted in S. Mohun (ed.) Debates in Value Theory 1994, also available online

Colletti, L. [1968] 'Bernstein and the Marxism of the Second International' in From Rousseau to Lenin, section on 'The Labour theory of value' and the following two sections

Cohen, Gerry A. (1974) 'Marx's dialectic of labour', Philosophy and Public Affairs 3, slightly revised as ch. 10 of Cohen's History, Labour and Freedom

Gleicher, D. (1983) 'A historical approach to the question of abstract labour', Capital & Class 21, reprinted in S. Mohun (ed.) Debates in Value Theory 1994

Arthur, C. (1978) 'Labour: Marx's concrete universal', Inquiry 21(1), 1978, revised as 'Dialectics and labour', in J. Mepham and D.-H. Ruben (eds) Issues in Marxist Philosophy, Vol. 1 Dialectics and Method 1979

Carver, T. (1980) 'Marx's two-fold character of labour', Inquiry 23

Reuten, G. (1993) 'The difficult labour of a social theory of value: metaphors and systematic dialectics at the beginning of Marx's Capital' in F. Moseley (ed.) Marx's Method in Capital: A Re-examination

Likitkijsomboon, P. (1995) 'Marxian theories of value-form', Review of Radical Political Economics 27(2)

Postone, Moishe (1993) Time, Labour and Social Domination: A Reinterpretation of Marx's Critical Theory

Saad-Filho, A. (1997) 'Concrete and abstract labour in Marx's theory of value', Review of Political Economy 9(4)

Murray, Patrick (2000) 'Marx's 'truly social' labour theory of value: part 1, abstract labour in Marxian value theory', Historical Materialism 6

Arthur, Christopher J. (2001) 'Value, labour and negativity', Capital & Class 73, Spring 2001, revised as ch. 3 of his The new Dialectic and Marx's Capital 2002

Arthur, Christopher J. (2002) The New Dialectic and Marx's Capital

Bonefeld, Werner (2010) 'Abstract labour: against its nature and on its time', Capital & Class 34(2)

Bonefeld, Werner (2011) 'Debating abstract labour', Capital & Class 35

 

@ Abstract and concrete in Marx (in general)

Ilyenkov, E.V. [1960] Dialectics of Abstract and Concrete in Marx's Capital

Arthur, C. (1978) 'Labour: Marx's concrete universal', Inquiry 21(1)

 

@ Abstraction as a feature of capitalism, real abstraction

Osborne, Peter (2004) 'The reproach of abstraction', Radical Philosophy 127

Toscano, A. (2008) 'The open secret of real abstraction', Rethinking Marxism 20(2)

Toscano, A. (2008) 'The culture of abstraction', Theory, Culture and Society 25(4)

 

@ Labour theory of value (i.e. quantitative aspects of value and labour): general

Sen, A. (1978) 'On the labour theory of value: some methodological issues', Cambridge Journal of Economics 2(2)

Cohen, Gerry A. (1979) 'The labour theory of value and the concept of exploitation', Philosophy and Public Affairs 8(4), reprinted in J. Cohen et al. (eds) Marx Justice and History 1980, and in I. Steedman (ed.) The Value Controversy, revised version in Cohen's History, Labour and Freedom 1988

Wartofsky, M.W. (1983) 'Karl Marx and the outcome of Classical Marxism, or: is Marx's labor theory of value excess metaphysical baggage?', Journal of Philosophy 80(11)

Fleetwood, S. (2001) 'What kind of theory is Marx's labour theory of value? A critical realist inquiry', Capital & Class 73

DiQuattro , A. (2007) 'The labor theory of value and simple commodity production', Science & Society 71(4)

 

@ Labour theory of value: the 'third thing' argument and Marx's critique of Bailey

Capital Vol. 1, ch. 1 first few paragraphs

Theories of Surplus Value, Vol. 3, Progress 1978, pp. 126-168

Hegel [1817-30] Encylopaedia Logic, ァ111

Bailey, S. (1825) A Critical Dissertation on the Nature, Measure and Causes of Value, also available online

Bhm-Bawerk, E. von [1896] Karl Marx and the Close of his System, (ed.) P.M. Sweezy

Hilferding, R. [1904] 'Bhm-Bawerk's criticism of Marx', in E. von Bhm-Bawerk Karl Marx and the Close of his System, (ed.) P.M. Sweezy

Rubin, I.I. [1928] Essays on Marx's Theory of Value, Montreal 1973, pp. 109-110 (hints at a labour allocation argument behind the third thing argument)

Rauner, R.M. (1961) Samuel Bailey and the Classical Theory of Value

Moore, S. (1963) 'The metaphysical argument in Marx's labour theory of value', Etudes de Marxologie 7 (Cahiers de l'Institut de Science Economique Appliqu)

Cutler, A., Hindess, B., Hirst, P. and Hussain, A. (1977) Marx's 'Capital' and Capitalism Today, Vol. 1 chs. 1-2

Elson, D. (1979) 'The value theory of labour' in Elson (ed.) Value: The Representation of Labour in Capitalism

Arthur, C. (1993) 'Hegel's Logic and Marx's Capital', in F. Moseley (ed.) Marx's Method in Capital: A Re-examination (see the section on 'Exchange')

Heinrich, M. (1999) Die Wissenschfat vom Wert, c. p. 200

Kliman, A. (2000) 'Marx's concept of intrinsic value', Historical Materialism 6

 

@ Labour theory of value: the 'labour allocation' argument

(Argument that prices proportional to amounts of labour are a consequence of labour being allocated between different areas of production via market mechanisms)

(Including versions of this argument that appeal to the idea of simple commodity production)

Wage-Labour and Capital [1847]

Value Price and Profit

Letter to Kugelman, 11 July 1868

* Rubin, I.I. [1928] Essays on Marx's Theory of Value, 1973, introduction (by F. Perlman), ch. 17 'Value and social need'

Sweezy, P.M. (1942) The Theory of Capitalist Development, ch. 3 'Quantitative value'

Morishima, M. and Catephores, G. (1975) 'Is there a historical transformation problem?', The Economic Journal 85, 1975

Sekine, T. (1980) 'The necessity of the law of value', Science & Society 44(3), pp. 289-304

Weeks, J. (1981) Capital and Exploitation, chs. 1-2

Rosenthal, J. (1998) The Myth of Dialectics: Reinterpreting the Hegel-Marx Relation, ch. 14 'The universal and the particular in the constitution of value'

Rosenthal, J. (1999) 'The escape from Hegel', Science & Society 63(3), see section on 'A priori economics'

Arthur, Christopher J. (2001) 'Value, labour and negativity', Capital & Class 73, Spring 2001, revised as ch. 3 of his The New Dialectic and Marx's Capital 2002, see last section

 

@ Labour theory of value: the 'equalisation in exchange' argument

(Argument that the amount of abstract labour represented by a commodity is measured only in exchange so that by definition prices correspond to amounts of abstract labour, associated with the 'Konstanz-Sydney group' - Eldred, Hanlon, Kleiber, Roth)

Pilling, G. (1972) 'The law of value in Ricardo and Marx', Economy and Society 1(1)

Eldred, M. and Hanlon, M. (1981) 'Reconstructing value‑form analysis', Capital & Class 13

Gleicher, D. (1983) 'A historical approach to the question of abstract labour', Capital & Class 21, reprinted in S. Mohun (ed.) Debates in Value Theory 1994

Eldred, M. (1984) 'A reply to Gleicher', Capital & Class 23

Gleicher, D. (1985) 'Note: a rejoinder to Eldred', Capital & Class 24

 

@ Fetishism in Marx

(For the juridical illusion, see 'Law in Marx: general')

(See also 'Reification and personification in Marx'

(See also 'Critique of political economy in Marx')

(See also 'Ideology in Marx')

(See also 'Egoism')

(For Lukacs on reification see 'Lukacs: reification, alienation and rationalisation')

'Debate on the law of thefts of wood', Marx and Engels, Collected Works vol. 1, esp. pp. 226, 262-3

Grundrisse (Penguin), p. 687

Capital volume 1, ch. 1 sec. 4 'The fetishism of commodities and its secret'

Capital volume 2 (Penguin), p. 303

Capital volume 3, ch. 48 'The trinity formula' (on fetishism of capital and land)

Results of the Immediate Process of Production, in Capital Vol. 1 (Penguin) p. 1046

Rubin, I.I. [1928] Essays on Marx's Theory of Value, 1973

Korsch, K. (1963) Karl Marx, ch. on 'The fetishism of commodities'

Lichtman, R. [1969?] Essays in Critical Social Theory, the essay on ideology

Perlman, F. (1970) 'Essay on commodity fetishism', Telos 6

* Geras, N. (1971) 'Essence and appearance: aspects of fetishism in Marx's Capital', New Left Review 65, also in Geras Literature of Revolution, also (as 'Marx and the critique of political economy') in R. Blackburn (ed.) Ideology and Social Science

Rovatti, P.A. (1972) 'Fetishism and the economic categories', Telos 14

Rovatti, P.A. (1973) 'The critique of fetishism in Marx's Grundrisse', Telos 17

Friedman, J. (1974) 'The place of fetishism and the problem of materialist interpretations', Critique of Anthropology 1

Carver, T. (1975) 'Marx's commodity fetishism', Inquiry 18

Steinvorth, U. (1976) 'Marx's analysis of commodity exchange', Inquiry 19

Brewster, B. (1976) 'Fetishism in Capital and Reading Capital', Economy and Society 5(3)

Cohen, Gerry A. (1978) Karl Marx's Th