Harvard Sussex Program
on chemical and biological warfare armament and arms limitation


The CBW Conventions Bulletin in pdf format


To read the Bulletin in pdf format you will need Adobe Acrobat Reader (if you haven't got this already, installation is easy and free).

E-Issue Special Issue (February 2011)
On the Criminalization of Biological and Chemical Armament and the Harvard Sussex Draft Convention

E-Issue no 86 (February 2010)
Includes:
Invited article by Donald A Mahley: A Personal Assessment of the BWC Protocol Negotiations
Invited article by John R Walker: A Tale of Two Riot Control Agents: UK Attitudes to CS and CR in Warfare and Law Enforcement 1969-1975
Report from Geneva by Graham S Pearson: The Biological Weapons Convention Meeting of States Parties December 2009
News Chronology: August - December 2009

E-Issue no 85 (October 2009)
Includes:
Invited article by Donald A Mahley: Controlling the BW Genie
Report from Geneva by Graham S Pearson: The Biological Weapons Convention Meeting of Experts August 2009
News Chronology: May - July 2009

E-Issue no 83 & 84 (July 2009)
Includes:
Invited article by Donald A Mahley: The OPCW: Reflecting on the Model
Invited article by Robert Mathews: The Regime for Other Chemical Production Facilities: A Technical Perspective
Invited article by John R Walker: Allegations of BW Use and their Investigation: Lessons from the Past. A Case Study from 1941
Obituary: Åke Bovallius
News Chronology: November 2008 - April 2009

E-Issue no 82 (March 2009)
Includes:
Invited article by Tony Bastock: The Chemical Weapons Convention and the Role of the Chemicals Industry in its Future
News Chronology: August - October 2008

E-Issue no 81 (December 2008)
Includes:
Invited article by Detlef Maennig: The Problem of Thousands of Other Chemical Production Facilities Under the Chemical Weapons Convention: Are Some More Relevant Than Others?
Report from Geneva by Graham S Pearson: The Biological Weapons Convention Meeting of States Parties, December 2008
News Chronology: May - July 2008

E-Issue no 80 (September 2008)
Includes:
Invited article by Julian Perry Robinson: Bringing the CBW Conventions Closer Together
Report from Geneva by Graham S Pearson: The Biological Weapons Convention Meeting of Experts, August 2008
Obituary: Ian Kenyon
News Chronology: February - April 2008

E-Issue no 79 (June 2008)
Includes:
Invited article by Richard Guthrie: The Second Chemical Weapons Convention Review Conference
News Chronology: November 2007 - January 2008

E-Issue no 78 (February 2008)
Includes:
Invited article by Julian Perry Robinson: Is the OPCW Implementing the CWC Definition of Chemical Weapons?
Report from Geneva by Graham S Pearson: The Biological Weapons Convention Meeting of States Parties, December 2007
News Chronology: August - October 2007

Issue no 76 & 77 (October 2007)
Includes:
Invited article by Walter Krutzsch: Ensuring True Implementation of the CWC
Report from Geneva by Graham S Pearson: The Biological Weapons Convention Meeting of Experts, August 2007
News Chronology: February - July 2007

Issue no 75 (March 2007)
Includes:
Invited article by Lisa Tabassi: The Nexus Between the OPCW and the International Criminal Court
Invited article by Jonathan B Tucker: Strengthening the CWC Regime for Transfers of Dual-Use Chemicals
News Chronology: November 2006 - January 2007

Issue no 74 (December 2006)
Includes:
Invited article by Lisa Tabassi and Erwin van der Borght: Chemical Warfare as Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity
Report from Geneva by Graham S Pearson: The Biological Weapons Convention Sixth Review Conference
News Chronology: August -October 2006

Issue no 72 & 73 (September 2006)
Includes:
Invited article by Ian Kenyon: The USA/USSR Arms Control Relationship and its Impact on the CWC
News Chronology: February - July 2006

Issue no 71 (May 2006)
Includes:
Invited article by Reid Kirby: Paradise lost: The Psycho Agents
Comment by Ian Kenyon: The Summer of '76
Report from Geneva: The Preparatory Commitee for the Sixth BWC Review Conference
News Chronology: November 2005 - January 2006

Issue no 69+70 (December 2005)
Includes:
Invited article by John Freeman: The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention Review Process: What More Can It Contribute?
Comment by Santiago Oñate, Ralf Trapp and Lisa Tabassi: Decision on the Follow-up to the OPCW Action Plan on Article AII: Ensuring the Effective Implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention
Historical note by Erhard Geissler: Alibek, Tularaemia and the Battle of Stalingrad
Report from Geneva: The Biological Weapons Convention Meeting of States Parties, 2005
News Chronology: May - October 2005

Issue no 68 (June 2005)
Includes:
Invited article by Eitan Barak: Israel, the CWC and the Universality Objective: The View from Jerusalem
Invited article by Walter Krutzsch: "Never Under Any Circumstances": The CWC Three Years After its First Review Conference
Report from Geneva: The Biological Weapons Convention Meeting of Experts
News Chronology: February - April 2005

Issue no 67 (March 2005)
Includes:
Invited article by Elisa D Harris and John D Steinbruner: Scientific Openness and National Security after 9-11
Progress in The Hague: 49th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: November 2004 - January 2005

Issue no 66 (December 2004)
Includes:
Invited Article by Bob Mathews: The Development of the Australia Group Export Control Lists of Biological Pathogens, Toxins and Dual-Use Equipment
Progress in The Hague: 48th Quarterly Review
Report from Geneva: The Biological Weapons Convention Meeting of States Parties
News Chronology: August - October 2004
Obituary - Martin Kaplan

Issue no 65 (September 2004)
Includes:
Editorial: Libya and 'Dual Use'
Progress in The Hague: 47th Quarterly Review
Report from Geneva: The Biological Weapons Convention New Process
News Chronology: May - July 2004

Issue no 64 (June 2004)
Includes:
Editorial: Expectation and Prevention
Progress in The Hague: 46th Quarterly Review
Lisa Tabassi: A Note on UN Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004)
The actions requested or recommended by the First CWC Review Conference: How far have they got one year later?
News Chronology: February - April 2004

Issue no 63 (March 2004)
Includes:
Invited Article by Lisa Tabassi: Impact of the CWC: Progressive Development of Customary International Law and Evolution of the Customary Norm Against Chemical Weapons
Progress in The Hague: 45th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: November 2003 - January 2004
Historical Note by John Hart: Information about the CBW weapons programes of the USSR

Issue no 62 (December 2003)
Includes:
Invited Article by Nicholas Sims: A proposal for putting the 26 March 2005 anniversary to best use for the BWC
Progress in The Hague: 44th Quarterly Review
Report from Geneva
News Chronology: August - October 2003

Issue no 61 (September 2003)
Includes:
Editorial: 'Non-lethal' weapons, the CWC and the BWC
Progress in The Hague: 43rd Quarterly Review
Report from Geneva: The Biological Weapons Convention New Process
News Chronology: May - July 2003
A Tribute to David Kelly

Issue no 60 (June 2003)
Includes:
Invited article by Graham Pearson: Security and Oversight of Pathogenic Microorganisms and Toxins
Progress in The Hague: 42nd Quarterly Review
News Chronology: February - April 2003

Issue no 59 (March 2003)
Includes:
Invited article by Ian Kenyon: Chrysalis - how the CWC produced the OPCW: the work of the OPCW Preparatory Commission.
Progress in The Hague: 41st Quarterly Review
News Chronology: November 2002 - January 2003

Issue no 58 (December 2002)
Includes:
Editorial: "Law Enforcement" and the CWC
Invited article by Mark Wheelis and Malcolm Dando: On The Brink: Biodefence, Biotechnology and the Future of Weapons Control
Progress in The Hague: 40th Quarterly Review
Report from Geneva: 18th Review
News Chronology: August - October 2002

Issue no 57 (September 2002)
Includes:
Editorial: Preventing the hostile use of biotechnology: the way forward now
Invited article by Graham S Pearson: Further chemical control regimes: anti-doping
Progress in The Hague: 39th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: May - July 2002

Issue no 56 (June 2002)
Includes:
Invited article by Ian Kenyon: The Chemical Weapons Convention and the OPCW: The challenges of the 21st century
Invited article by Nicholas Sims: Route-maps to the OPBW: using the resumed BWC Fifth Review Conference
Progress in The Hague: 38th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: February - April 2002

Issue no 55 (March 2002)
Includes:
Invited article by Julian Perry Robinson: What should be the scope of the CWC? A workshop report
Progress in The Hague: 37th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: November 2001 - January 2002

Issue no 54 (December 2001)
Includes:
Editorial: International criminal law and sanctions to reinforce the BWC
Progress in The Hague: 36th Quarterly Review
Report rom Geneva: 17th Quarterly Review
Proceedings in South African: 7th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: August - October 2001

Issue no 53 (September 2001)
Includes:
Editorial: Strengthening the Biological Weapons Convention
Invited article by Nicholas Sims: Nurturing the BWC: agenda for the Fifth Review Conference and beyond
Invited article by Graham Pearson: The US rejection of the Protocol at the eleventh hour damages international security against biological weapons
Progress in The Hague: 35th Quarterly Review
Report from Geneva: 16th Quarterly Review
Proceedings in Sourth Africa: 6th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: May - July 2001

Issue no 52 (June 2001)
Includes:
Invited article by Barbara Rosenberg: US policy and the BWC Protocol
Progress in The Hague: 34th Quarterly Review
Progress in Geneva: 15th Quarterly Review
Proceedings in South Africa: 5th Quartlery Review
News Chronology: February - April 2001

Issue no 51 (March 2001)
Includes:
Editorial: Washington and the BWC Protocol negotiations
Invited article by Graham Pearson: Further chemical control regimes: narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances
Progress in The Hague: 33rd Quarterly Review
Progress in Geneva: 15th Quarterly Review
Proceedings in South Africa: 4th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: November 2000 - January 2001

Issue no 50 (December 2000)
Includes:
Editorial: The CWC and the BWC: yesterday, today, tomorrow
Invited article by Tom Inch: The Chemical Weapons Convention: a viewpoint from the Chairman of the Advisory Committee to the UK National Authority
Invited article by Walter Krutzsch: Article VI of the Chemical Weapons Convention: past, present and future.
Progress in The Hague: 32nd Quarterly Review
Progress in Geneva: 13th Quarterly Review
Proceedings in South Africa: 3rd Quarterly Review
News Chronology: August - October 2000

Issue no 49 (September 2000)
Includes:
Invited article by Graham Pearson: The CWC General Purpose Criterion: How to Implement?
Progress in The Hague: 31st Quarterly Review
Progress in Geneva: 12th Quarterly Review
Proceedings in South Africa: 2nd Quarterly Review
News Chronology: May-July 2000

Issue no 48 (June 2000)
Includes:
Invited article by Ian Kenyon: Chemical Weapons in the Twentieth Century: Their Use and Their Control
Invited article by Matthew Meselson: Averting the Hostile Exploitation of Biotechnology
Invited article by Lawrence Scheinman: Regimes, Defence and Deterrence
Progress in The Hague: 30th Quarterly Review
Progress in Geneva: 11th Quarterly Review
Proceedings in South Africa: 1st Quarterly Review

Issue no 47 (March 2000)
Includes:
Invited article by Robert J Mathews: Approaching an "End-Game" in the Negotation of the BWC Protocol: Lessons from the Chemical Weapons Convention
Progress in The Hague: 29th Quarterly Review
Progress in Geneva: 10th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: November 1999-January 2000

Issue no 46 (December 1999)
Includes:
Invited article by Tibor Tóth: Time to Wrap Up
New US legislation on the BWC
Progress in Geneva: 9th Quarterly Review
Progress in The Hague: 28th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: August-October 1999

Issue no 45 (September 1999)
Includes:
Invited article by Will Carpenter: The First Year of the OPCW Scientific Advisory Board
Obituary: A J J Ooms
Progress in The Hague: 27th Quarterly Review
Progress in Geneva: 8th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: May-July 1999

Issue no 44 (June 1999)
Includes:
Invited article by Paul F Walker: Implementing the Chemical Weapons Convention: Technical and Political Challenges in the US and Russia
Invited article by Daniel Feakes: The European Union's Role in CBW Disarmament and Non-Proliferation
Progress in The Hague: 26th Quarterly Review
Progress in Geneva: 7th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: February-May 1999

Issue no 43 (March 1999)
Includes:
Invited article by Ian Kenyon: Celebration of a Centenary and Some Birthdays
Progress in The Hague: 25th Quarterly Review
Progress in Geneva: 6th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: November 1998-February 1999
Historical Note by Benjamin Garrett: Walter Schrieber and the US Air Force

Issue no 42 (December 1998)
Includes:
Editorial: A Draft Convention to Prohibit Biological and Chemical Weapons Under International Criminal Law
Text of the HSP Draft Convention
Progress in The Hague: 24th Quarterly Review
Progress in Geneva: 5th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: August - November 1998

Issue no 41 (September 1998)
Includes:
Invited article by Huang Yu: The CWC: Verification in Action
Invited Article by Lynn Klotz and Mark Sims: The BWC: Challenge Investigation Voting Procedures
Statement of the Trieste Conference on the BWC
Progress in The Hague: 23rd Quarterly Review
Progress in Geneva: 4th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: May-August 1998

Issue no 40 (June 1998)
Includes:
Guest article by Kathleen Lawand: The Scientific Advisory Board of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons: The Role of Science in Treaty Implementation
Progress in The Hague: 22nd Quarterly Review
Progress in Geneva: 3rd Quarterly Review
News Chronology: February-May 1998

Issue no 39 (March 1998)
Includes:
Guest article by Douglas J MacEachin: Routine and Challenge: Two Pillars of Verification
Guest article by Ahmad Kamal: The Chemical Weapons Convention Today
Guest Article by Graham Pearson: A Lean Organization to Strengthen the Biological Weapons Convention
Progress in The Hague: 21st Quarterly Review
Progress in Geneva: 2nd Quarterly Review
News Chronology: November 1997-February 1998

Issue no 38 (December 1997)
Includes:
Guest article by Amy Gordon: Implications of the US Resolution of Ratification
Text of Russian CWC ratification law
Progress in The Hague: 20th Quarterly Review
Progress in Geneva: 1st Quarterly Review
News Chronology: August-November 1997

Issue no 37 (September 1997)
Includes:
Guest article by Tibor Tóth: A Window of Opportunity for the BWC Ad Hoc Group
Guest Article by Sergei Kisselev: Russia and the Chemical Weapons Convention: What Next?
Progress of the BWC Protocol Rolling Text
Progress in The Hague: 19th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: May-August 1997

Issue no 36 (June 1997)
Includes:
Guest article by Heiner Staub: Implementing the Chemical Weapons Convention: First Experiences of a National Authority
Progress in The Hague: 18th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: February-May 1997

Issue no 35 (March 1997)
Includes:
Guest article by Ian Kenyon: Entry into Force: The Test of Our Preparations
Progress in The Hague: 17th Quarterly Review
Riot Control Agent Guidelines
News Chronology: November 1996-February 1997

Issue no 34 (December 1996)
Includes:
Guest article by Frederick L Webber: The US Chemical Industry Stake in the Chemical Weapons Convention
Guest article by Graham Pearson: Toxic Chemicals: A Multilateral Export-Import System
Progress in The Hague: 16th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: August-November 1996

Issue no 33 (September 1996)
Includes:
Editorial: From Trigger Point to Entry Into Force
Historical Note no 2, by Benjamin Garrett: The Colorado Potato Beetle Goes to War
Guest article by Barbara Hatch Rosenberg: Incorporation of Dual-Use Export Controls in a Compliance Regime for the Biological Weapons Convention
Progress in The Hague: 15th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: May-August 1996

Issue no 32 (June 1996)
Includes:
Guest article by Graham Pearson: Implementing Article X of the BTWC: Avoiding Duplication
Guest article by Stephen Black: The UN Special Commission and CBW Verification
Progress in The Hague: 14th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: February - May 1996

Issue no 31 (March 1996)
Includes:
Editorial: Criminalizing BW
Guest article by Alexander Vorobiev: Working on the Compliance Regime for the BWC
Progress in The Hague: 13th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: November 1995-February 1996

Issue no 30 (December 1995)
Includes:
Editorial: Over the Impasse
Guest article by Sergei Baranovsky: Green Cross Russia and the Destruction of Chemical Weapons
Progress in The Hague: 12th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: August-November 1995

Issue no 29 (September 1995)
Includes:
Guest article by Anne Harrington: Defining Chemical Weapons the Way the Treaty Does
Progress in The Hague: 11th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: May-August 1995

Issue no 28 (June 1995)
Includes:
Guest article by Ernst Wyszomirski: The CWC and Barriers to Chemical Trade
Progress in The Hague: 10th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: February-May 1995

Issue no 27 (March 1995)
Includes:
Guest article by Serguei Batsanov: Chemical Weapons Convention En Route to Entry into Force
Progress in The Hague: 9th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: November 1994-February 1995

Issue no 26 (December 1994)
Includes:
Guest article by Jack Ooms: Asia Pacific Seminar on the National Implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention
Guest article by Graham Pearson: Strengthening the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention: The Outcome of the Special Conference
Progress in The Hague: 8th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: August-November 1994

Issue no 25 (September 1994)
Includes:
Guest article by Michael Moodie: Bolstering Compliance with the Biological Weapons Convention: Prospects for the Special Conference
Guest article by Robert Mathews and Timothy McCormack: Entry into Force of the Chemical Weapons Convention: Activities and Prospective Timetable
Historical Note: The former test and evaluation site on Pulao Tenggol
Progress in The Hague: 7th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: May-August 1994

Issue no 24 (June 1994)
Includes:
Guest article by Pierre Canonne: The Role of the Scientific Community Within the Context of the Convention
Guest article by Karen Jansen: Disarming Iraq: Lessons for the Chemical Weapons Convention
Progress in The Hague: 6th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: February - May 1994
Guidelines on Riot control Agents

Issue no 23 (March 1994)
Includes:
Editorial: New Technologies and the Loophole in the Convention
Progress in The Hague: 5th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: November 1993-February 1994

Issue no 22 (December 1993)
Includes:
Guest article by Abdullah Toukan: The CWC, the NPT, and the Middle East Peace Negotiations
Guest article by Charles Baronian: Destruction of the US Chemical Stockpile
Progress in The Hague: 4th Quarterly Review
News Chronology: August-November 1993

Issue no 21 (September 1993)
Includes:
Guest article by Robert Mathews: A Comparison of the Australia Group List of Chemical Weapon Precursors and the CWC Schedules of Chemicals
Progress in The Hague: 3rd Quarterly Review
Editorial: The AG and the CWC
News Chronology: May-August 1993
Obituary: Charles Flowerree

Issue no 20 (June 1993)
Includes:
Guest article by Graham Pearson: Chemical Weapons Convention: Validation of Accredited Laboratories and Analytical Measurements
Progress in The Hague: 2nd Quarterly Review
Editorial: Chemical Analysis, Assured Access and Open Publication
News Chronology: February-May 1993

Issue no 19 (March 1993)
Includes:
Peter Herby and Julian Perry Robinson: International Organization for Chemical Disarmament Begins
Guest Article by Counsellor Shahbaz of Pakistan: A Perspective on the OPCW Preparatory Commission
News Chronology: November 1992 - February 1993.

Issue no 18 (December 1992)
Includes:
The 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention: A Summary
Guest Article by Josef Holik: From Negotiation to Implementation of the CWC
News Chronlogy: August-November 1992
Workshop Report: Investigating Alleged CW Use

Issue no 17 (September 1992)
Includes:
Guest Article by Hassan Mashhadi: How the Negotiations Ended
CD Statement by Adolf Ritter von Wagner: The Draft Chemical Weapons Convention
News Chronology: May - September 1992

Issue no 16 (June 1992)

Issue no 15 (March 1992)
Includes:
Guest Article by Will Carpenter: Completing the Chemical Weapons Convention: An Industry View
Editorial: What Policy for Disabling Chemicals?
News Chronology: November 1991 - February 1992
Guest Article by Ralf Trapp: Into the 'End Game'

Issue no 14 (December 1991)
Includes:
Editorial: No Gas
Guest Article by Nicholas Sims: Achievements and Failures at the Third Review Conference
News Chronology: August-November 1991
The Declaration of Mendoza, 5 September 1991

Issue no 13 (September 1991)
Includes:
Guest Article by Paul O'Sullivan: Concluding the Chemical Weapons Convention
Guest Article by Gao Fang: To Develop Suitable Chemical Defensive Technology for Developing Countries: To Facilitate Conclusion of the Chemical Weapons Convention
News Chronology: May - August 1991
Antichemical Protection and the CWC
Iraqi CBW Armament and the UNSCOM

Issue no 12 (June 1991)
Includes:
Editorial: Getting Challenge Right
Guest Article by Graham Pearson: Strengthening the BTWC
News Chronology: February - May 1991

Issue no 11 (March 1991)
Includes:
Guest Article by Martin Lancaster: Chemical Proliferation and Disarmament: A Congressional Perspective
News Chronology: November 1990 - March 1991
Article by Matthew Meselson: The Role of Chemical Defense

Issue no 10 (December 1990)
Includes:
Guest Article by Graham Cooper: Inspections on Request: Coming to Terms with their Scope
Guest Article by Johan Molander: The Chemical Weapons Negotiation at a Critical Juncture
News Chronology: August - November 1990

Issue no 9 (September 1990)
Includes:
Guest Article by Rüdiger Lüdeking: Verifying a Chemical Weapons Convention
News Chronology: May - August 1990
The CWC Negotiations: Checklist of Contributions

Issue no 8 (June 1990)
Includes:
Guest Article by Rolf Ekéus: The Option of Using Chemical Weapons
News Chronology: December 1989 - May 1990
Text of US-Soviet Bilateral CW Agreement

Issue no 7

Issue no 6 (November 1989)
Includes:
Guest Article by A J J Ooms: Verification and the Chemical Weapons Ban
News Chronology: June - September 1989
Guest Article by Charles Flowerree: US Proposes Continued Binary Production?
Chemical Weapons Memorandum of Understanding
Review: The Canberra Conference

Issue no 5 (August 1989)
Includes:
Guest Article by Lewis Dunn: Making Chemical Weapons Users Pay a Price
News Chronology: March - June 1989
Review: World CW Armament

Issue no 4 (May 1989)
Includes:
Guest Article by Ahmad Kamal: The Chemical Weapons Covnention: Some Particular Concerns of Developing Countries
News Chronology: December 1988 - March 1989
Review: Soviet CW Armament

Issue no 3 (February 1989)
Includes:
Guest Article by John Isaacs: The Bush Administration, The Senate and the Chemical Treaty
Guest Article by Peter Herby: The Paris Conference on Chemical Weapons
News Chronology: September 1988 - mid-June 1989

Issue no 2 (Autumn 1988)
Includes:
Guest Article by Kyle Olson: The Proposed Chemical Weapons Convention: An Industry Perspective
News Chronology: June - September 1988
Review: World CW Armament Part I: The USA

Introductory Issue (Summer 1988)
Includes:
Editorial Article by Charles Flowerree: The Chemical Weapons Convention
News Chronology: October 1987 - June 1988