Harvard Sussex Program
on chemical and biological warfare armament and arms limitation

HSP Occasional Papers

Since the 1990s, the Harvard Sussex Program has been publishing the Harvard Sussex Program Occasional Papers, a monograph series that includes proceedings of HSP international workshops, findings from HSP research projects and specially commissioned studies. Edited and produced at Sussex, HSPOPs have now been re-launched as an electronic series beginning with:

Tucker, Jonathan, B. Strengthening consultative mechanisms under Article V to address BWC compliance concerns. Harvard Sussex Program Occasional Paper Issue 1 (May 2011)

Walker, John, R. The Leitenberg-Zilinskas History of the Soviet Biological Weapons Programme. Harvard Sussex Program Occasional Paper Issue 2 (December 2012)

Sims, Nicholas, A. BWC Article V: Under-Reviewed but Ripe for Exploration. Harvard Sussex Program Occasional Paper Issue 3 (March 2013)

Perry Robinson, Julian, P. Alleged Use of Chemical Weapons in Syria. Harvard Sussex Program Occasional Paper Issue 4 (26 June 2013)

Walker, John, R. The 1925 Geneva Protocol: Export Controls, Britain, Poland and Why the Protocol Came to Include ‘Bacteriological’ Warfare. Harvard Sussex Program Occasional Paper Issue 5 (June 2016)

Still in print from the original series:
Priyamwada Deshingkar, Matthew Meselson and Julian Perry Robinson (eds) Antichemical Protection and the Chemical Weapons Convention. Harvard Sussex Program Occasional Paper No. 2 (1993)

"It is possible to protect people against chemical weapons without at the same time so immobilizing or burdening them that they are unable to function effectively. This is true of no other category of modern battlefield weapon." In this lies the key to the crucial relationship now being established between the new chemical treaty and protection against chemical weapons. HSPOP 2 shows why this is so, and why the treaty should not obstruct development of protection.

HSPOP 2 is a record of the El Escorial Workshop on Antichemical Protection and the Chemical Weapons Convention held in August 1991 while the Chemical Weapons Convention was in the final phase of negotiation. The Workshop was hosted by the Complutense University of Madrid and the Spanish Pugwash Group, and was organized by the Harvard Sussex Program in collaboration with the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs. Besides conveners and organizers, the Workshop brought together 20 experts from 16 countries, most of them specialists in physical or medical aspects of protection against chemical warfare and some of them members of their countries' negotiating delegations in Geneva.